Under specific regulations, victims of crimes punishable by imprisonment of five or more years, who have suffered severe psychophysical trauma or have been seriously affected by the crime, have the right to a counsellor before giving testimony in criminal proceedings or filing a claim for damages; the counsellor's fees are to be borne by the government.
Claims for damages in criminal proceedings may be filed by persons authorised to pursue such claims in civil actions.
Crime victims filing a claim for damages must indicate whether they have obtained compensation or filed a claim for damages.
Once the decision on a claim for damages becomes final and enforceable, the injured party may request the court that issued the decision in first-instance proceedings to provide issue him/her with a certified copy of that decision, with an indication that the latter is enforceable.
If the decision does not lay down a deadline for compliance, the obligation imposed by the decision must be fulfilled within 15 days of the decision becoming final. After this deadline the fulfilment of the obligation becomes subject to enforcement.
A victim of an intentional crime may be compensated from the State budget under a specific act. Where the victim has won a claim for damages, the amount of compensation depends on the amount awarded; the court deciding on the claim for damages will take the same action where the victim has already been compensated from the State budget.
Victims of intentional violent crimes committed in Croatia after 1 July 2013 are eligible for compensation:
The victim has the right to be compensated:
The victim may be awarded compensation even if the perpetrator is unknown or if criminal proceedings have not been initiated.
Emergency payments are not provided for by Croatian law.
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