Victims' rights - by country

Slovakia

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Slovakia

Can I appeal against a sentence or if the defendant is declared not guilty?

Is further appeal possible?

What rights do I have after the court sentence enters into force?

More information

Can I appeal against a sentence or if the defendant is declared not guilty?

You can only appeal the decision of the first instance court, regarding your claim for damages, not the guilt of the defendant and not the penalty.

Is further appeal possible?

You cannot submit an appeal against the decision of the second instance court.

What rights do I have after the court sentence enters into force?

If there is a risk of harm for you in relation to the release/escape of the offender, you have to be informed about the release/escape after you request so as soon as you have indications for such harm. You need to submit your request to the first instance court. The court, the prison or the police/prosecution will inform you about the release/escape as soon as they find out about it.

You do not have specific rights to appeal or otherwise influence the release of the offender, or to have access to the file on the execution of the offender’s sentence.

If your damage claim against the offender in the criminal proceedings was unsuccessful or partially successful, you can claim before the civil court. You can apply for legal aid free of charge, if you do not have sufficient resources to cover the expenses for a lawyer.

More information:

  • Code of Criminal Procedure (Trestný poriadok) – in English and Slovak
  • Code of Civil Procedure (Občiansky súdny poriadok) – in Slovak
Last update: 18/03/2019

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