Victims' rights - by country

Romania

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Romania

Can I appeal against a sentence or if the defendant is declared not guilty?

Is further appeal possible?

What rights do I have after the court sentence enters into force?

More information

Can I appeal against a sentence or if the defendant is declared not guilty?

The trial concludes with a court decision convicting or acquitting the defendant. The decision will be announced during a public court hearing. If you have participated in the trial as a victim and/or civil party and you have not been able to attend the hearing you will receive a copy of the court’s decision.

If you are not satisfied with the decision you can appeal against it. You can file an appeal only if you have participated in the trial as a victim or civil party. You can also appeal as a witness, but only in relation to the reimbursement of expenses.

The deadline for submitting the appeal is 10 days after you have been informed of the decision. The appeal has to be made in writing and signed. Appeals are submitted to the same court whose decision you are appealing against. For the contact details of all courts in Romania click here.

After receiving the appeal the court will forward it to the higher court competent to deal with it. The copy of the court’s decision you will receive will include information about when and where you can file your appeal.

Is further appeal possible?

If you are not satisfied with the court’s decision on your appeal you can appeal against it as well. The requirements and the procedure are the same that applied to your first appeal.

What rights do I have after the court sentence enters into force?

The sentence will enter into force after all the opportunities for appeal have been exhausted. After the sentence enters into force your role in the proceedings is over. If you have been placed under a special witness protection programme during the proceedings you can continue to benefit from it until the court decides that you are no longer in danger.

More information:

  • Code of Criminal Procedure (Codul de procedură penală) – in Romanian
  • Law 682/2002 regarding witness protection (Legea 682/2002 privind protectia martorilor) – in Romanian
Last update: 10/09/2018

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