Like the investigation, there is no specific legal capacity in which you can be involved in the trial. Apart from being interviewed as a witness you can only attend the public court hearings as an observer.
The court will call you as a witness and inform you about the date of the hearing and you have the obligation to appear. You have the right to interpretation in relation to your testimony, if you do not speak Greek. You are allowed to be present at the hearing, even if it is not public, after you give your testimony.
At any stage of the proceedings, the court may order the reimbursement of your expenses as a witness. Those may include the costs you have incurred, together with any loss of time or discomfort the court establishes.
If you are a minor, you have some additional rights:
If you are a victim of a human rights violation (1) and are part of proceedings against the Republic of Cyprus for its alleged failure to protect or respect your rights, you may apply to the court for legal aid free of charge. Legal aid includes free consultation, assistance and representation.
Currently, the relevant legislation is under amendment in order to provide for free legal aid to the victims of human trafficking.
Under special circumstances, the court has the authority to receive and present your testimony without your presence in court as a witness.
The court may order that the whole trial or parts of it be closed or that you give testimony in the absence of the defendant. In special cases, the court has also the discretion to order the use of a special separator, a closed circuit TV system or another system, guaranteeing that you will not be visible to the defendant.
The Prosecutor General may decide whether you need to be included in the ‘Witness Protection Plan’ and what protection you and your family, if needed, will be given. Protection measures may include:
If you are a victim of domestic violence or human trafficking and exploitation, you are always considered a witness in need of protection, unless you ask not to be considered as one.
You can only claim damages from the offender in a civil court, following a procedure, separate and independent from the criminal trial.
You can also claim compensation from the State. Please consult the factsheet on compensation to crime victims in Cyprus (available in Greek) of the European Judicial Network.
There is no such possibility.
If you are a foreigner, you have all the rights explained above and the right to interpretation free of charge, if you do not speak Greek.
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