For an intentional violent crime against a person.
For injuries (physical or mental) that take more than eight days to heal
Yes. In addition to the victim, the victim’s ascendants or descendants, adoptive or foster parents, adoptive or foster children, spouse or civil partner may receive compensation if they were living with the victim in the same household at the time the crime was committed, as well as the victim’s dependants.
Yes, the victim’s death is not a condition for compensation for dependants or other entitled people.
Yes, if you are staying legally in the EU, or if you are a victim of human trafficking.
Compensation may only be claimed for crimes committed on the territory of Hungary. If the crime took place in another country, you may submit your application for compensation in Hungary. In such cases the Hungarian authorities will transmit the application to the Member State where the crime was committed.
Yes, it is a condition for compensation that criminal proceedings have been opened in connection with the act committed.
No, compensation may be claimed immediately after criminal proceedings are opened.
Yes, such claim may be submitted. In such cases the extent of the damage, the cause-and-effect relationship between the damage and the act and the need for compensation must be supported by evidence.
Compensation must be claimed within three months after the crime was committed. The limitation period for submitting a claim is five years after a crime is committed.
For example, will compensation cover:
Compensation may be claimed in a single payment or in the form of a monthly allowance.
Compensation by the State is not due if it has been established in a final court decision that the victim’s conduct contributed towards the crime or was the cause of the crime, or that the damage was caused by wrongful conduct. Further reasons for exclusion are a refusal to testify, refusal of the obligation to cooperate or the absence of a private motion.
Only victims with social needs are eligible for compensation. A victim has social needs if their monthly net income (income per person, in the case of persons living in the same household) does not exceed HUF 226 328 in 2018 or they receive other benefits defined in legislation. The income situation of victims of terrorist crimes is not taken into consideration.
The amount of compensation will not exceed fifteen times the basic amount (HUF 113 164), which in 2018 equates to HUF 1 697 460. The amount of a single payment is: 100 % of damage not exceeding five times the basic amount, five times the basic amount plus 75 % of the part exceeding five times the basic amount for damage between five and ten times the basic amount, and 8.75 times the basic amount plus 50 % of the part exceeding ten times the basic amount for damage exceeding ten times the basic amount. The amount of compensation in the form of an allowance is: 75 % of the loss of income supported by evidence if the victim is under the age of 18 or is dependent on assistance from others and 50 percent of the loss of income supported by evidence if the victim is not dependent on assistance from others.
There is no minimum amount. The amount of compensation will not exceed fifteen times the basic amount (HUF 113 164), which in 2018 equates to HUF 1 697 460. The maximum monthly amount of compensation that can be claimed in the form of an allowance is the basic amount, which is HUF 113 164 in 2018.
Will any compensation I receive for my loss from other sources (such as my employer’s or a private insurance scheme) be deducted from compensation paid by the authority/body?
The amount of the damage must be quoted in the claim. Any amount recovered from another source must be deducted from the amount of the compensation.
The state will reimburse the amount of damage supported by evidence, even if it may be recovered from another source. If the damage is recovered later on from another source, the advance must be paid back.
No. Compensation may only be awarded once.
No, submitting the application is free of charge.
The victim support services of the government office(s) of Budapest (the counties)
The application may be submitted to any district office (assisting authorities) or directly to the deciding authority (the Budapest (or county) government office(s))
The deadline for processing claims is a maximum of 60 days.
A decision delivered at first instance is subject to appeal and the appeal is heard by the Ministry of Justice as the body of second instance. Administrative proceedings may be brought before the courts against the decision delivered by the Ministry of Justice at second instance.
24/7 Victim Support Helpline (Áldozatsegítő Vonal): 06-80-225-225 in Hungarian and English.
Yes, on the basis of Act LXXX of 2003 on legal aid.
Services to help assert your interests are available from any of the victim support service’s offices, where victim support advisors will provide practical assistance (for example: assistance in filling in applications, providing information) to the interested parties. Victims may also turn to civil society organisations (for example: White Ring (Fehérgyűrű), Hungarian Baptist Aid (Baptista Szeretetszolgálat), etc.)
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