The search tool below will help you to identify court(s)/authority(ies) competent for a specific European legal instrument. Please note that although every effort has been made to ascertain the accuracy of the results, there may be some exceptional cases concerning the determination of competence that are not necessarily covered.
The courts of first instance and the special courts dealing with gender-based violence will be the competent authorities, within the scope of their powers (Article 87 of the LOPJ [Organic Law on the Judiciary]).
Appeals against the decisions of the courts of first instance can be lodged with the provincial courts.
Extraordinary appeals for breach of procedure lodged with the High Court of each Autonomous Community and appeals lodged with the Spanish Supreme Court are governed by CHAPTERS IV (‘Extraordinary appeals for breach of procedure’) and V (‘Appeals’) respectively of TITLE IV of Law 1/2000 on Civil Procedure.
The review procedure takes place before the same courts that handed down the decision, the courts of first instance. The review procedure set out in Article 19 of Regulation (EC) No 4/2009 will be carried out in line with CHAPTER II, “Appeals for judicial reviews and motions to have judgments set aside”, of TITLE IV of Law 1/2000 on Civil Procedure.
The Ministry of Justice.
Sub-Directorate for International Judicial Cooperation
c/ San Bernardo, 62
28071 Madrid, Spain
Tel. 00 34 91 3902295/94
Fax No: 00 34 91 3904457
The courts of first instance in the capital of the province where the party against whom enforcement is requested has his/her residence or of the province where the judgment is to be enforced.
The languages accepted in accordance with Articles 20 and 40 are Spanish and Portuguese.
The languages accepted by the Central Authority in accordance with Article 59 are Spanish and English.
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.
Member States in charge of the management of national content pages are in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.