This section provides you with information on the organisation of specialised courts in Slovenia.
Under the provisions of the legislation, labour courts have jurisdiction to decide on individual and collective labour disputes, and social courts have jurisdiction in social disputes.
Labour courts and the social court of first instance decide at first instance. The Higher Labour and Social Court (Višje delovno in socialno sodišče) decides on appeals against decisions of the labour courts and the social court of first instance, while appeals against and reviews of decisions of the Higher Labour and Social Court are heard by the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia.
A labour court has jurisdiction to decide in the following individual labour disputes:
A labour court also has jurisdiction to decide if an insurance company is a co-defendant in a damages dispute over which a labour court has been given jurisdiction.
A labour court has jurisdiction to decide the following collective labour disputes:
The social court has jurisdiction to decide on the following social disputes:
1. In the area of pension and disability insurance:
2. In the area of health insurance:
3. In the area of unemployment insurance and recruitment:
4. In the area of parental protection and family benefits:
5. In the area of social benefits:
The social court also has jurisdiction in the areas referred to above to decide in the following social disputes:
The social court also has jurisdiction in social disputes as specified by law.
The following are the courts of first instance in the Republic of Slovenia:
Courts of first instance decide labour disputes at the seat of the court, unless it is specified that they must decide in external departments.
In labour and social disputes, a court of first instance decides in a panel composed of a judge as president of the panel and two lay judges as members, one of which must be elected from a list of candidates of workers or insured persons, and the other from a list of candidates of employers or institutions.
An individual judge decides in individual labour and social disputes concerning material legal claims, if the value of the subject-matter in dispute does not exceed EUR 40,000. Certain important matters must be decided on by an individual judge irrespective of the value of the subject-matter in dispute, e.g. individual labour disputes relating to the suspension of an employment contract, trial work, overtime work, breaks, rests and leave and other absences from work, the duty to perform work because of exceptional circumstances, disciplinary sanctions, temporary suspension from work because of the initiation of a disciplinary procedure and temporary reassignment; social disputes on the right to an attendance allowance, the right to a disability allowance for a physical impairment and the right to spa treatment.
The Higher Labour and Social Court decides appeals against decisions of the labour courts and the social court of first instance. The Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia (Vrhovno sodišče Republike Slovenije) decides on appeals against and reviews of decisions of the Higher Labour and Social Court.
The Higher Labour and Social Court is based in Ljubljana.
The Higher Labour and Social Court decides in a panel of three judges.
The Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia has jurisdiction to decide in an administrative dispute in accordance with the methods and procedures set out in the Administrative Disputes Act.
In an administrative dispute, the judicial protection of rights and benefits of individuals and organisations is ensured in respect of the decisions and actions of State bodies, local community bodies and holders of public authorisations in accordance with the Act.
In an administrative dispute the Court:
In an administrative dispute, the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia decides in the first instance. However, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia decides on a complaint against or the revision of a decision of first instance in an administrative dispute.
The head office of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia is located in Ljubljana.
The Administrative Court adjudicates at the head office and at the following branch offices:
The Administrative Court decides in a panel of three judges, except in certain cases provided for by law in which a single judge rules.
The Supreme Court rules as a single judge on a stay of proceedings; in appeals and reviews it rules in a panel of three judges; in disputes concerning competence between the Administrative Court and a court of general competence or a specialised court the panel is composed of three judges; in disputes concerning competence between the Administrative Court and the Supreme Court the panel is composed of five judges.
You can find more information about the courts in Slovenia on the official website of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia.
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