This section provides information on the organisation of ordinary courts in Slovakia.
Judicial power in the Slovak Republic is exercised by independent and impartial courts. At all levels, judicial matters are separated from those of other national authorities.
Slovak Ministry of Justice database Slov-Lex
The Slovak Ministry of Justice's ‘Electronic Collection of Legislative Acts (Slov-Lex)’ project is based on two interconnected information systems:
Benefits for target groups:
The fundamental legal principle that all people are familiar with the law as valid and in force and are aware of their rights and obligations is increasingly difficult to apply in practice in view of the increasing volume and complexity of laws. The Slov-Lex project will help to improve implementation of this principle by ensuring effective access for all to the legislation in force:
The Slovak judiciary comprises:
District courts act as courts of first instance in civil and criminal cases, save where the rules governing court proceedings provide otherwise.
They also deal with electoral cases, where stipulated by the relevant legislation.
Regional courts act as courts of second instance in civil and criminal cases heard at first instance by district courts.
The rules of procedure specify the civil and criminal cases in which regional courts act as courts of first instance.
Regional courts act as courts of first instance in administrative cases, save where otherwise stipulated by special legislation.
They also deal with other cases where stipulated by special legislation (Act No 166/2003 on the protection of privacy against unauthorised use of information technology and amending certain other acts).
The Specialised Criminal Court
The Specialised Criminal Court rules on criminal matters and other matters as laid down by the rules governing court proceedings.
The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court has jurisdiction in:
The Supreme Court reviews decisions taken by courts in cases where final judgment has been given.
The Supreme Court oversees the uniform interpretation and consistent application of laws and other acts of general application:
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