The search tool below will help you to identify court(s)/authority(ies) competent for a specific European legal instrument. Please note that although every effort has been made to ascertain the accuracy of the results, there may be some exceptional cases concerning the determination of competence that are not necessarily covered.
Competence to decide on an application for a declaration of enforceability (exequatur) lies with the tribunal with jurisdiction over the usual place of residence of the party against whom enforcement is sought or over the place of enforcement (Article 95 and Article 1098 of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure).
A decision on an application for a declaration of enforceability (exequatur) may be appealed. Competence to decide on an appeal against a decision on an application for a declaration of enforceability (exequatur) lies with the court of appeal (Article 96 of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure).
A decision given on appeal (apel) may be contested by a review on a point of law (recurs) (Article 97(1) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure). A review on a point of law comes under the competence of the High Court of Cassation and Justice (Înaltei Curţi de Casaţie şi Justiţie):
Str. Batiştei, nr. 25, sector 2, cod poştal 020934, Bucharest
Telephone: 004021-310.39.08, 004021-310.39.09, 004 021-310.39.12.
According to Article 19, for a review procedure (procedura de reexaminare):
The court with competence is that which issued the decision, typically a district court or tribunal.
In accordance with Article 505(1) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure, an action for annulment is lodged with the court whose judgment is being contested.
In accordance with Article 510(1) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure, an action for review is lodged with the court that issued the final decision with regard to which an application for review has been lodged.
Ministry of Justice
Directorate for International Law and Judicial Cooperation
str. Apolodor nr. 17
Sector 5, Bucharest
fax 0040372041079, 0040372041084
The authority with competence for enforcement is the court in whose jurisdiction the debtor's place of residence or the place of enforcement is located.
In addition to Romanian, the Ministry of Justice accepts the use of English and French for communication with other central authorities within the European Union.
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.
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