Competence to decide on an application for a declaration of enforceability (exequatur) lies with the tribunal with jurisdiction over the usual place of residence of the party against whom enforcement is sought or over the place of enforcement (Article 95 and Article 1098 of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure).
A decision on an application for a declaration of enforceability (exequatur) may be appealed. Competence to decide on an appeal against a decision on an application for a declaration of enforceability (exequatur) lies with the court of appeal (Article 96 of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure).
A decision given on appeal (apel) may be contested by a review on a point of law (recurs) (Article 97(1) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure). A review on a point of law comes under the competence of the High Court of Cassation and Justice (Înaltei Curţi de Casaţie şi Justiţie):
Str. Batiştei, nr. 25, sector 2, cod poştal 020934, Bucharest
Telephone: 004021-310.39.08, 004021-310.39.09, 004 021-310.39.12.
According to Article 19, for a review procedure (procedura de reexaminare):
The court with competence is that which issued the decision, typically a district court or tribunal.
In accordance with Article 505(1) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure, an action for annulment is lodged with the court whose judgment is being contested.
In accordance with Article 510(1) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure, an action for review is lodged with the court that issued the final decision with regard to which an application for review has been lodged.
Ministry of Justice
Directorate for International Law and Judicial Cooperation
str. Apolodor nr. 17
Sector 5, Bucharest
fax 0040372041079, 0040372041084
The authority with competence for enforcement is the court in whose jurisdiction the debtor's place of residence or the place of enforcement is located.
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