This section of the Portal provides you with an overview of courts in Romania.
The principles, structure and organisation of the Romanian judicial system are laid down in the Romanian Constitution and in Law No 304/2004 on judicial organisation.
The following courts make up the judicial system:
The High Court of Cassation and Justice functions as the Supreme Court in Romania. It ensures that the law is interpreted and applied uniformly by the other courts of law.
Several courts carry on their judicial activity under the jurisdiction of each of the 42 tribunals.
All 176 functioning courts are organised at county level and in the districts of Bucharest.
Each court is headed by a president with managerial capacity. The court's specialised sections are led by a section president. In each court, a leading committee decides upon general, court-governance issues.
The military courts are organised in 4 military tribunals, the Territorial Military Tribunal in Bucharest and the Military Court of Appeal in Bucharest. Each of the military tribunals has the status of a military unit.
The following legal databases are available online:
Yes, access to the legal database is free of charge.
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.