- in France: Articles 14 and 15 of the Civil Code (Code civil).
(a) the greffier en chef du tribunal de grande instance
(b) the président de la chambre départementale des notaires in the case of application for a declaration of enforceability of a notarial authentic instrument.
(a) the cour d’appel on decisions allowing the application
(b) the presiding judge of the tribunal de grande instance, on decisions rejecting the application.
- in France, an appeal in cassation.
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