This section provides you with information on the administrative and specialised courts in the Estonian court system.
The Estonian Constitution states that the creation of specialised courts with specific jurisdiction may be provided by law. The formation of emergency courts is prohibited.
No specialised courts have been created in Estonia.
The Supreme Court simultaneously performs the functions of the court of final appeal and the court of constitutional review.
As the court of constitutional review, the Supreme Court:
No individual may file a request for a constitutional review.
Contact details for the Supreme Court may be found on the Supreme Court website.
Constitutional review is regulated by the Constitutional Review Court Procedure Act.
Administrative courts as courts of first instance hear administrative cases. In Estonia, they act as independent judicial authorities only in first instance.
Administrative court rulings are reviewed by district courts, as courts of second instance, on the basis of appeals against those rulings.
The jurisdiction of the administrative courts, the procedure for filing an action with an administrative court and the rules for administrative proceedings are laid down in the Code of Administrative Court Procedure.
In Estonia there are two administrative courts: Tallinn Administrative Court and Tartu Administrative Court.
The administrative courts are divided into courthouses.
Tallinn Administrative Court is comprised of two courthouses:
Tartu Administrative Court is comprised of two courthouses:
In Estonia there are two district courts acting as courts of second instance.
Contact details for the courts may be found on the Courts website. Access to the contact details is free of charge.
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