3.1. Background to Technical Requirements
45. This section of the Guide discusses the technical aspects of videoconferencing and videoconferencing equipment. This includes placement of cameras, lighting, screens and microphones. The equipment provided should be selected and set up to support as well as possible the various steps involved in the process of the court hearing. The detailed technical standards for videoconferencing are contained within Annex II.
46. The objective is to make the videoconferencing session as close as possible to the usual practice in any court where evidence is taken in open court. To gain the maximum benefit, several differences have to be taken into account. Some matters, which are taken for granted when evidence is taken in the conventional way, take on a different dimension when it is taken by videoconferencing: for example, ensuring that the witness understands the practical arrangements of the videoconferencing session and which are the parties to the videoconferencing and what their various roles are. The following are suggested as a checklist of practical considerations that encourage best practice in the use of videoconferencing:
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