The applications referred to in Article 45 are submitted to the director of the registry (directeur de greffe) of the regional court (tribunal de grande instance) (Articles 509-1, 509-2 and 509-3 of the code of civil procedure (code de procédure civile)) where they relate to a court decision or court settlement, and to the president of the association of notaries (chambre des notaires), or his or her replacement in case of absence or incapacity, if they relate to an authentic instrument.
The authority before which the appeals referred to in Article 50(2) are lodged is the president of the regional court (Article 509-9 of the code of civil procedure).
A final decision given by the president of the regional court can be contested only by bringing an appeal on a point of law (pourvoi en cassation) before the Court of Cassation (Cour de cassation).
The grounds for an appeal on a point of law may differ (ruling contravening the law, misuse of power, lack of jurisdiction, lack of legal basis, lack of legal grounds, conflicting judgments, etc.), but in each case the court limits itself to a review of the application of the law. This means that the Court of Cassation checks that the ruling did not contravene the law or disregard the rule of law, but does not examine the facts of the case.
Cour de cassation
5 quai de l’horloge
The European Certificate of Succession (ECS) is issued by a notary.
The High Council of Notaries (Conseil supérieur du notariat) is the body overseeing professional notaries in France.
Conseil supérieur du notariat
60 boulevard de la Tour-Maubourg
A challenge of the kind referred to in Article 72 may be brought before the president of the regional court with jurisdiction in the area in which the office of the notary is located (Article 1381-4 of the code of civil procedure).
An application can be made within fifteen days of the certified copy of the ECS being issued or notified, or the ruling on the ECS being received.
The president of the regional court delivers a final ruling on the application. The applicant, the notary who issued the certificate and, where applicable, the party requesting the European Certificate of Succession, if different from the applicant, are heard or summoned. The notary is informed of the ruling.
Where the president of the regional court orders the certificate to be issued, rectified or modified, he or she may take the necessary steps or require the notary to do so.
If the president of the court orders the withdrawal of the European Certificate of Succession or the suspension of its effects, the notary informs without delay all those who were issued with certified copies. No copies of the certificate can be issued during the period during which its effects are suspended.
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