The bodies and legal documents that protect your rights in the EU
Your fundamental rights are protected in the EU at:
For more details, see our Charter app.
See also the Commission strategy for implementing the Charter.
The Charter does not grant EU institutions (the European Commission) a general power to intervene in fundamental rights issues in EU countries.
The Commission can only intervene when EU law comes into play, for example when a national measure applies EU law in a manner incompatible with the charter.
The following bodies can possibly help you with issues you think are infringing your fundamental rights:
You can bring a case before the Court if you believe an EU legal act violates your fundamental rights (as either an individual or organisation). Under certain conditions, the Court can annul such an act.
You cannot take action directly against another individual or organisation or government through the Court of Justice.
You can bring a case before this court if you believe an EU country has violated a fundamental right protected by the European Convention of Human Rights.
The court interprets the Convention https://www.coe.int/en/web/human-rights-convention/– not an EU instrument, but one that is binding on all EU countries.
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights provides assistance and expertise on fundamental rights to EU institutions and EU member governments when they implement EU law.
It collects and publishes data on how these rights are observed in all EU countries, within the scope of EU law.
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