European Arrest Warrant
The European arrest warrant ("EAW") is a simplified cross-border judicial surrender procedure – for the purpose of prosecuting or executing a custodial sentence or detention order. A warrant issued by one EU country's judicial authority is valid in the entire territory of the EU. The European arrest warrant has been operational since 1 January 2004. It has replaced the lengthy extradition procedures that used to exist between EU countries.
A judge or prosecutor of one EU country can request judicial assistance from their counterpart in another EU country.
Mutual recognition of judicial decisions
Judicial decisions made in one EU country can be enforced in other EU countries.
Which country's court is responsible?
Jurisdiction refers to the right and power to administer justice within a defined territory. This includes the powers of legal courts to hear cases concerning persons, property or events and the authority to intervene, such as the arrest of persons or the seizure of property.