The victim is entitled to the State compensation, if an intentionally committed criminal offence has resulted in the death of a person, the victim has suffered severe or moderate personal injury, the victim has been subjected to indecent or sexual assault, the victim is a victim of human trafficking, or the victim has been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B or C.
You may receive State compensation for a moral injury, physical suffering and property loss resulting from an intentionally committed criminal offence.
If a person has died as a result of a criminal offence, the victim in the criminal proceedings may be a relative of the deceased (fiancé, spouse, parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, as well as the persons with whom the physical person concerned was residing together and had a common (not shared) household).
If a person has died as a result of a criminal offence or the victim has died and has not requested State compensation or has requested and has not received State compensation, you are entitled to receive State compensation. However, you must ask the person directing the proceedings (the police, the prosecutor's office, the court) to recognise you as a victim in the corresponding criminal proceedings.
You are not entitled to State compensation as a relative or a dependent of a victim if the victim has survived the criminal offence. In this case, the victim himself or herself is entitled to State compensation.
You may receive State compensation if you are not a national of an EU country.
If the criminal offence has been committed in another EU Member State, you are entitled to claim compensation from the EU Member State in which the criminal offence was committed directly or through the Legal Aid Administration (Juridiskās palīdzības administrācija).
You have to report the criminal offence to the police.
To claim State compensation, criminal proceedings must be instituted in which you have been recognised as a victim in the criminal proceedings by the decision of the person directing the proceedings (the police, the prosecutor’s office, the court).
To claim State compensation, you do not need to wait for the final ruling by the person directing the proceedings (the police, the prosecutor's office, the court).
For the Legal Aid Administration to decide on the payment of State compensation or refusal, the person directing the proceedings (the police, the prosecutor's office, the court) must provide the following information:
You are not obliged to claim compensation from the offender initially. State compensation does not prejudice the victim’s right to claim compensation in criminal proceedings by submitting a request regarding compensation for the injury at any stage of the criminal procedure until the initiation of the examination of the case at the court of first instance and in civil proceedings by raising a claim before the court if you believe that you have not been fully compensated.
You are also entitled to State compensation if the offender or their accomplice is not identified or if they are not held criminally liable.
You should submit the claim for State compensation by adding the reference from the person directing the proceedings (the police) with the necessary information.
The request for State compensation must be submitted to the Legal Aid Administration within one year from the day on which you have been recognised as a victim, or you have become aware of the facts that entitle you to do so.
State compensation covers the moral injury, physical suffering or loss of property resulting from a criminal offence without distinguishing the type of damage for which State compensation is paid. The amount of the State compensation is determined in the Law "On State Compensation to Victims" (Likums par valsts kompensāciju cietušajiem), based on the consequences resulting from the criminal offence.
State compensation is paid out as a single payment which is transferred to the payment institution account specified in the claim.
The characterisation of the criminal offence may affect the amount of State compensation, for example, if the criminal offence is committed in a state of intense mental agitation, in violation of the necessary limits of self-defence or of the conditions for the detention of a person. In such cases, the amount of State compensation in line with the consequences of the criminal offence is reduced by 50%.If the Legal Aid Administration does not receive the requested information within 15 days, it may decide to refuse to pay State compensation. The decision on the refusal to pay State compensation in this case does not prevent you from applying several times to the Legal Aid Administration to claim compensation according to the procedures for requesting it.
Your financial situation does not affect your chance of receiving State compensation and/or the amount of the compensation.
If you have received compensation for the damages caused by the criminal offence from the offender or another person in his or her stead, the amount of State compensation is reduced by the amount of compensation already received.
The Law On State Compensation to Victims lays down other criteria that may affect your chance of receiving compensation and/or the amount. For example:
The maximum amount of State compensation to be paid to a single victim of a criminal offence shall amount to five times the minimum monthly wage as laid down in the Republic of Latvia. The amount of State compensation to be paid shall be calculated, taking into account the amount of the minimum monthly wage determined at the time when the person was recognised as a victim.
The compensation is paid:
The maximum amount of State compensation is five times the minimum monthly wage laid down in the Republic of Latvia, but the minimum amount of State compensation is 50% of the maximum amount of State compensation. When the minimum monthly wage changes, the amount of State compensation also changes.
You do not need to specify the amount in the claim form for State compensation, as the Law On State Compensation to Victims lays down the amount of State compensation.
The compensation you receive from other sources (for example, the employer’s or a private insurance scheme) is not deducted from the amount of State compensation.
You may not receive an advance payment of State compensation.
If you have received State compensation and the final decision finds that you have suffered more severe consequences as a result of the criminal offence, you may receive the difference between the amount of State compensation paid and the amount payable.
If a final judgment has not yet been reached in the criminal proceedings at the moment of claiming State compensation, you should add to the claim for State compensation a reference from the person directing the proceedings (the police, the prosecutor’s office, the court), specifying the following:
If the criminal proceedings have ended at the moment of requesting State compensation, you should add to the claim for State compensation the final ruling of the person directing the proceedings and the enforcement order, if the compensation for the damages provided for in the final ruling has not been made or has been made only in part.
The review process for claims for State compensation is free.
The Legal Aid Administration decides on the payment of State compensation or the refusal to pay State compensation.
To receive State compensation, you must send the claim for State compensation to the Legal Aid Administration, at this address: Pils laukums 4, Rīga, LV-1050.
Your presence is not required for the process of review of the claim for State compensation and deciding on the payment of or the refusal to pay State compensation.
The Legal Aid Administration decides on the payment of or the refusal to pay State compensation within one month from receiving the claim for compensation and sends the decision to the address indicated in the compensation claim.
If the Legal Aid Administration requires any additional information from you or the person directing the proceedings (the police, the prosecutor's office, the court), the decision-making period is suspended until all the information required is received.
You may contest the decision of the Legal Aid Administration on the payment of or the refusal to pay State compensation within one month from its entry into force by submitting the relevant application to the Legal Aid Administration which will be forwarded to the Ministry of Justice.
You will find theState compensation request form and information about its completion here:
You can use the toll-free helpline 116006 “Helpline for victims of crime” every day from 07:00 to 22:00, where you can obtain:
You can also use the website https://www.cietusajiem.lv/en/.
You do not need legal aid to apply for State compensation. The Legal Aid Administration provides the necessary assistance for the process of claiming State compensation.
The association “Skalbes" offers a free helpline 116006 "Helpline for victims of crime" (every day from 7.00 to 22.00), providing emotional and psychological support to victims of criminal offences, information about the procedural rights of victims (for example, rights in criminal proceedings, rights to compensation of damages, State compensation etc.), available services and existing support services for victims.
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