Compensation may be paid to victims of violent crimes and to dependants of such victims. A violent crime is an act punishable under criminal procedure which is committed directly against the life or health of a person and as a result of which the injured person dies or sustains serious damage to his or her health or a health disorder that lasts for at least four months.
You are entitled to compensation if a violent crime has resulted in serious damage to your health or a health disorder that lasts for at least four months.
Compensation of 448 euros is paid to the person bearing the expenses of the funeral of a victim of a violent crime. Note that the person who bears the funeral expenses need not be a relative or dependant of the victim.
The dependants of a victim who has died as a result of a violent crime are entitled to State compensation payable to victims of crimes.
Dependants include the following persons:
You are entitled to compensation if, as a result of a violent crime, the victim has sustained serious damage to his or her health or a health disorder that lasts for at least four months.
The following persons are entitled to compensation:
In Estonia, the right to compensation is not linked to nationality.
Compensation is paid by the competent authority of the country in which the crime took place. Compensation is paid in accordance with the laws of the country concerned.
In order to claim compensation, you can turn to:
A violent crime must be reported to the police within 15 calendar days of the day on which the crime was committed.
It is not necessary to wait for the outcome of the proceedings to claim compensation; it is sufficient to have reported the crime to the police and for criminal proceedings to have commenced. Compensation can be claimed within three years of the crime being committed.
There is no requirement to first seek compensation from the offender. When compensation is granted, the right to claim is transferred to the Social Insurance Board and we raise the claim against the person who caused the damage (the perpetrator of the crime) by recourse action.
You are entitled to compensation even if the person who caused the damage has not been identified or judicial proceedings have not yet been concluded.
To obtain State compensation payable to victims of crimes, certification of the launching of criminal proceedings issued by an investigative body is required.
Expense receipts need to be submitted if you are applying for the reimbursement of medical treatment expenses or for a death grant.
Applications for compensation can be submitted within three years of the date of a crime or of becoming aware of the crime being committed.
The compensation covers:
- Material (non-psychological) damage:
- Material (non-psychological) damage:
- Psychological damage:
The family members of a victim can obtain psychological counselling. To obtain compensation for psychological help, it is necessary to contact a victim support service provider, who will then prepare the application to be signed. A police certificate is also required, confirming that proceedings have been opened and that you are a victim or the legal representative of a victim. The victim support service provider will help you in obtaining a police certificate.
You will be informed of the granting of compensation for psychological help within 10 working days. Thereafter it is possible to turn to a psychologist. The amount of compensation per person is the minimum monthly wage (584 euros in 2020).
Dependants are paid compensation in monthly instalments. Medical and funeral expenses of victims are reimbursed as a lump sum on the basis of expense receipts.
Compensation is not paid if:
In addition, compensation may be refused if the applicant has refused to cooperate with law enforcement authorities in ascertaining the facts relating to the criminal offence, identifying or apprehending the offender or proving the damage.
Your financial situation does not affect the granting or payment of compensation.
Any amounts which an injured person receives or is entitled to receive as on the basis of damage resulting from a violent crime from a source other than the person liable for the damage caused by the crime are deducted from the damage serving as the basis for determining the amount of compensation, including the work ability allowance paid to the victim. In determining the amount of the compensation, any amounts paid to the applicant by the person liable for the damage caused by the crime before the granting of the compensation are taken into account.
Calculation of compensation for partial or no work ability
The amount of the compensation is calculated on the basis of the average income per calendar day. Income, taxed with social tax, earned during the six months prior to the crime is taken into account.
Calculation of damage resulting from partial or no work ability
The average income per calendar day is multiplied by thirty, and the pension for incapacity for work or work ability allowance granted to the person is deducted from the result of the multiplication. The compensation covers 80% of the lost income. Data on average income is obtained from the Tax and Customs Board.
Calculation of compensation for provider’s death
1. The victim’s average income per calendar day is multiplied by thirty, and the survivor's pension granted to the person is deducted from the result of the multiplication.
2. A percentage of the amount arrived at is calculated in accordance with the number of dependants:
80% of the calculated amount is compensated.
There is no minimum amount; compensation is paid as long as the entitled person qualifies for compensation or up to the limit of 9,590 euros.
No amount needs to be indicated on the claim form.
Advance compensation can be claimed by persons in a difficult economic situation, if they are entitled to compensation but the granting thereof is postponed.
Advance payment of up to 640 euros is made on the basis of the relevant application.
If the advance payment exceeds the amount of compensation subsequently granted, the overpaid amount will be recovered.
You have the right to submit additional invoices for medical treatment expenses.
Certificate from an investigative body
Invoices for funeral expenses
Invoices for medical treatment expenses, receipts for medicinal products, etc.
Victim’s death certificate
Estonian National Social Insurance Board.
Options for submitting applications:
You do not need to be present.
A decision will be made within 30 days of the receipt of the last document.
A challenge can be filed against the decision within 30 days of receipt thereof. Alternatively, a complaint can be lodged with an administrative court under the procedure provided for in the Code of Administrative Court Procedure.
Application forms and information on applying for compensation can be found on the website of theSocial Insurance Board.
Victim support providers can also be contacted by telephone. Their contact details can be found on the website of the Social Insurance Board.
Victim support providers also assist in claiming compensation.
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