There are two specific procedures in national law for small claims:
Both of the abovementioned special procedures apply when the following requirements are met:
The complainant can choose from the procedures set out in the reply to question 1.
In the special action for compliance with financial obligations arising from a contract, the application and defence do not have to be presented in procedural documents, in other words, the pleadings do not need to be numbered by article. When submitted by legal representation, they must be sent electronically using specific forms provided for the purpose by the computer support system for the courts, unless the representative invokes legitimate grounds for not using this system. When submitted by the parties themselves, the special form is not required and can be delivered to the court by registered post or fax.
An order for payment must be submitted on a specific form provided at https://www.citius.mj.pt/Portal/consultas/Injuncoes/Injuncoes.aspx. The use of this form is compulsory, regardless of whether it is submitted by the party directly or through a representative.
When submitted by a legal representative, the order for payment form must be sent electronically through the court computer support system (unless the representative invokes legitimate grounds for not using this system). When submitted directly by the party, the order for payment form can be handed in on paper.
The legal aid scheme applies to both procedures (e.g. Appointment of legal representative, payment of legal representative’s fees, payment of judicial fees and other related charges).
In the special action for compliance with financial obligations arising from a contract, presentation of evidence is as follows:
Orders for payment:
If a defendant has been notified and does not challenge an order for payment, the entire procedure is in writing.
In the special action for compliance with financial obligations arising from a contract, when witnesses have to present evidence, they may do so in writing if their knowledge of the facts was acquired as a result of performing their duties.
In such cases, testimony is in writing, dated and signed by the witness, with indication of the action it refers to, the facts as they are known and the reasons why the said witness has such knowledge.
In a special action for compliance with financial obligations arising from a contract where there is a hearing, the judgement is given verbally and dictated for transcription, with grounds being provided in a succinct manner.
When an order for payment is upheld, there is no decision as such, merely the appending of the enforcement order by the court clerk.
The legal costs of the successful party are paid by the losing party, on a sliding scale based on the burden of loss. As such, the successful party could obtain total or partial reimbursement of the following costs: court fees already paid; costs incurred by the party in the production of evidence when it was not this party which requested such evidence or no use is made of such evidence; remuneration paid to the enforcement officer and expenditure incurred by the said enforcement officer (e.g. when summons is served on the defendant by an enforcement officer); lawyer’s fees and expenditure incurred by the said lawyer.
The sums to be reimbursed must be indicated in an explanatory note. This note must be sent by the party entitled to the reimbursement to the court, the losing party and the enforcement officer, when applicable, within five days after the decision becomes final.
The explanatory note will contain the following information:
As a general rule, the successful party’s costs are paid directly by the losing party, unless otherwise provided for by law.
Decisions handed down in a special action for compliance with financial obligations arising from a contract may be challenged through an appeal submitted to a court of appeal, provided that the sum in question exceeds € 5 000 and the contested decision is unfavourable to the applicant with a value greater than € 2 500.
This is the form of an ordinary appeal. Rules governing extraordinary appeals also exist and are provided for in national legislation.
With an order for payment, complaints must be submitted to the judge as regards a dismissal of an order for payment application and a dismissal of joining of enforcement order carried out by the court clerk.
The Ministry of Justice Citius portal can be consulted at https://www.citius.mj.pt/.
The EJN-Civil Contact Point, the courts or other entities and authorities are not bound by the information contained in this factsheet. The relevant legal texts in force must also be read in full as changes may have been made which have not yet been included in this factsheet.
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