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There is no specific procedure for small claims under Belgian legislation, although summary proceedings to order payment are available (procédure sommaire d’injonction de payer/summiere rechtspleging om betaling te bevelen): see separate file.
There is no specific procedure for small claims. The ordinary legal procedure applies, but it is very simple.
The normal procedure is as follows:
In principle, no simplifications are possible, but some actions are brought not by a summons of the kind referred to above but rather by an application initiating ordinary adversarial proceedings which is made direct to the court (requête contradictoire/verzoekschrift op tegenspraak) (Articles 1034bis to 1034sexies of the Judicial Code (Code judiciaire/Gerechtelijk Wetboek)). Such an application can be made for example in a dispute between landlord and tenant. Section 1344bis of the Judicial Code states that, always subject to the rules governing leases of agricultural land, any action relating to the rental of property can be brought by way of an application filed with the registry (greffe/griffie) of the civil magistrate’s court (justice de paix/vredegerecht).
The legislation relating to summary proceedings to order payment: Website:Federal Public Service for Justice:
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