Pursuant to Article 359(1) of the Act of 23 April 1964 – The Civil Code [Journal of Laws (Dziennik Ustaw) of 2014, item 121, as amended, hereinafter: the ‘CC’], interest on a sum of money is due only if it follows from a legal transaction or statutory law, a court decision or a decision of another competent authority. If the level of interest is not otherwise specified, statutory interest is due at a rate corresponding to the sum of the reference rate of the National Bank of Poland plus 3.5 percentage points.
On the other hand, as regards interest on arrears, under Article 481(2) of the CC, if the rate of interest on arrears has not been specified, statutory interest on arrears is due at a rate corresponding to the sum of the reference rate of the National Bank of Poland plus 5.5 percentage points. However, if a receivable bears interest at a higher rate, the creditor may demand interest on arrears at that higher rate.
Under Article 359(2) of the CC, statutory interest is set at a rate corresponding to the sum of the reference rate of the National Bank of Poland plus 3.5 percentage points. The Minister of Justice announces the level of statutory interest by way of a notice in the Polish Official Gazette (Monitor Polski). Currently, pursuant to the Notice of the Minister of Justice of 7 January 2016, as of 1 January 2016 the level of statutory interest is 5 % per annum, and the level of statutory interest on arrears is 7 % per annum.
Interest in commercial transactions, on the other hand, is governed by the Act of 8 March 2013 on payment terms in commercial transactions (Journal of Laws of 2013, item 403, as amended), and the level of interest is always set in a notice issued by the Minister of Development. Currently, pursuant to the Notice of 7 January 2016, as of 1 January 2016 until 30 June 2016, the level of statutory interest for delay in commercial transactions is 9.50 % per annum.
For details on the current levels of interest rates of the National Bank of Poland, including the reference rate, please visit the website of the National Bank of Poland (NBP) at: http://www.nbp.pl/home.aspx?f=/dzienne/stopy.htm
Notices issued by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Development on the level of statutory interest (for commercial transactions) are available on the website of the Government Legislation Centre (Rządowe Centrum Legislacji – RCL): http://www.monitorpolski.gov.pl/Wyszukiwanie/tabid/114/Title/odsetki/Default.aspx
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