Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation

National information and online forms concerning Regulation No. 44/2001

General information

Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters applies between all Member States of the European Union including Denmark which has concluded a parallel agreement on Regulation 44/2001 with the European Community (the Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters). This agreement entered into force on 1st July 2007.

A judgment given in a Member State shall be recognised in the other Member States without any special procedure being required.

A judgment given in a Member State and enforceable in that State shall be enforced in another Member State when, on the application of any interested party, it has been declared enforceable there. The application shall be submitted to the court or competent authority as notified by the Member State under Art 39 of the Regulation. An appeal against the decision on the application for a declaration of enforceability is to be lodged with the court as notified by the Member State under Art 43(2) and 44 of the Regulation.

Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 has been replaced by Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 (Brussels I Regulation (recast)) as from 10 January 2015. This new Regulation applies only to legal proceedings instituted, to authentic instruments formally drawn up or registered and to court settlements approved or concluded on or after 10 January 2015. Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 continues to apply to judgments given in legal proceedings instituted, to authentic instruments formally drawn up or registered and to court settlements approved or concluded before 10 January 2015 which fall within the scope of that Regulation.

Regulation No 1215/2012 applies in Denmark under the Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters. The necessary legislative amendments in Denmark entered into force on 1 June 2013.

The Regulation provides for two forms.

The notifications by the Member States under Articles 75 and 76 of Regulation No 1215/2012 are available here.

The European e-Justice Portal provides you with information concerning the application of the Regulation and a user-friendly tool for filling in the forms.

Please select the relevant country's flag to obtain detailed national information.

Related link

ARCHIVED European Judicial ATLAS website (closed on 30 September 2017)

Last update: 19/02/2019

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Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Belgium

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

None

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Belgium, the ‘tribunal de première instance’.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Belgium:

a) as regards appeal by the respondent, the ‘tribunal de première instance’ or ‘rechtbank van eerste aanleg’ or ‘erstinstanzliches Gericht’;

b) as regards appeal by the applicant: the ‘Cour d’appel’ or ‘hof van beroep’.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Belgium, an appeal in cassation

Last update: 28/07/2017

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Bulgaria

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

The Bulgarian courts and other authorities have international jurisdiction when the plaintiff or applicant is a Bulgarian national or a legal person registered in the Republic of Bulgaria (Article 4(1)(2) of the Code of International Private Law).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

The application for a declaration of the enforceability of a judicial decision or another act issued in another Member State of the European Union are to be submitted to the provincial court (okrazhen sad) (Article 623(1) of the Code of Civil Procedure).

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

The order is subject to appeal before the Sofia Appeal Court (Article 623(b), first sentence, of the Code of Civil Procedure).

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

The decision of the Sofia Appeal Court is subject to further appeal before the Supreme Court of Cassation (Article 623(6), second sentence, of the Code of Civil Procedure).

Last update: 04/01/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Czech Republic

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in the Czech Republic: § 86 of Act No 99/1963, the Code of Civil Procedure (občanský soudní řád), as amended.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in the Czech Republic, the district courts (okresní soudy).

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in the Czech Republic, the district courts (okresní soudy).

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in the Czech Republic, appellate review (dovolání), action in annulment (žaloba pro zmatečnost), and action to re-open proceedings (žaloba na obnovu řízení)

Last update: 06/03/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Denmark

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

in Denmark: Article 246(2) and (3) of the Administration of Justice Act (lov om rettens pleje).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

in Denmark, the "byret".

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

in Denmark, the "landsret".

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

in Denmark, an appeal to the "Højesteret" with leave from the "Procesbevillingsnævnet".

Last update: 13/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Germany

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Germany: Article 23 of the Code of Civil Procedure (Zivilprozessordnung).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Germany:

(a) the presiding Judge of a chamber of the 'Landgericht';

(b) a notary (Notar) in a procedure of declaration of enforceability of an authentic instrument.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in the Federal Republic of Germany, the Oberlandesgericht.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

-in Germany, a Rechtsbeschwerde.

Last update: 06/04/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Estonia

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

Article 86 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

County courts

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List of competent authorities

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

District courts

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List of competent authorities

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

Appeals to the Supreme Court

Last update: 13/08/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Ireland

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Ireland: the rules which enable jurisdiction to be founded on the document instituting the proceedings having been served on the defendant during his temporary presence in Ireland.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Ireland, the High Court.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Ireland, the High Court.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Ireland, an appeal on a point of law to the Supreme Court.

Last update: 12/03/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Greece

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Greece, Article 40 of the Code of Civil Procedure (Κώδικας Πολιτικής Δικονομίας).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Greece, the Μονομελές Πρωτοδικείο.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Greece, the Εφετείο.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Greece, an appeal in cassation.

Last update: 20/04/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Spain

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

Not applicable

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Spain, the Juzgado de Primera Instancia.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Spain, the Audiencia Provincial.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Spain, an appeal in cassation.

Last update: 12/03/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - France

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in France: Articles 14 and 15 of the Civil Code (Code civil).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

in France:

(a)     the greffier en chef du tribunal de grande instance

(b)     the président de la chambre départementale des notaires in the case of application for a declaration of enforceability of a notarial authentic instrument.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

in France:

(a)     the cour d’appel on decisions allowing the application

(b)     the presiding judge of the tribunal de grande instance, on decisions rejecting the application.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in France, an appeal in cassation.

Last update: 08/02/2017

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Croatia

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

Article 54 of the Act on the Resolution of Conflicts of Laws with the Regulations of Other Countries in Specific Relations (Zakon o rješavanju sukoba zakona s propisima drugih zemalja u određenim odnosima);

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

Municipal courts (općinski sudovi; sing. općinski sud) in civil matters and the Municipal Civil Court in Zagreb (Općinski građanski sud u Zagrebu) and commercial courts (trgovački sudovi; sing. trgovački sud) in commercial matters;

Click on the below link to view all competent authorities related to this Article.
List of competent authorities

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

In civil matters appeals may be lodged with the competent county courts (županijski sudovi; sing. županijski sud) through the competent municipal courts, whereas in commercial matters appeals are to be lodged with the High Commercial Court of the Republic of Croatia (Visoki trgovački sud Republike Hrvatske) through the competent commercial courts.

Click on the below link to view all competent authorities related to this Article.
List of competent authorities

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

An appeal is to be lodged with the Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia (Vrhovni sud Republike Hrvatske).

Last update: 26/03/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Italy

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Italy: Articles 3 and 4 of Act 218 of 31 May 1995.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Italy, the Corte d'appello.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Italy, the corte d'appello.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Italy, an appeal in cassation.

Last update: 25/03/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Cyprus

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Cyprus: Article 21(2) of the Courts Act (Law No 14 of 1960), as amended.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Cyprus, the District Court (Eparchiakó Dikastírio) or, in the case of a judgment concerning maintenance obligations, the Family Court (Oikogeneiakó Dikastírio).

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Cyprus, the District Court (Eparchiakó Dikastírio) or, in the case of a judgment concerning maintenance obligations, the Family Court (Oikogeneiakó Dikastírio).

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Cyprus, appeals can be lodged with the Administrative Court (Dioikitikó Dikastírio).

Last update: 18/04/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Latvia

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Latvia: section 27 and paragraphs 3, 5, 6 and 9 of section 28 of the Civil Procedure Law (Civilprocesa likums).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Latvia, the rajona (pilsētas) tiesa.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Latvia, the Apgabaltiesa.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Latvia, an appeal to the Augstākā tiesa.

Last update: 05/06/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Lithuania

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Lithuania: Article 31 of the Code of Civil Procedure (Civilinio proceso kodeksas).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Lithuania, the Lietuvos apeliacinis teismas.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Lithuania, the Lietuvos apeliacinis teismas.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Lithuania, an appeal to the Lietuvos Aukščiausiasis Teismas.

Last update: 18/02/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Luxembourg

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Luxembourg: Articles 14 and 15 of the Civil Code (Code civil).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Luxembourg, the presiding judge of the tribunal d'arrondissement.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Luxembourg, the Cour supérieure de Justice sitting as a court of civil appeal.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Luxembourg, an appeal in cassation.

Last update: 20/03/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Hungary

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

In Hungary: Section 57 of Decree-Law No 13 of 1979 on International Private Law (a nemzetközi magánjogról szóló 1979. évi 13. törvényerejű rendelet),

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

In Hungary, the district court operating at the seat of the competent regional court (törvényszék székhelyén működő járásbíróság) and, in Budapest, the Central District Court of Buda (Budai Központi Kerületi Bíróság).

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

In Hungary, the regional courts (törvényszék); in Budapest, the Budapest-Capital Regional Court (Fővárosi Törvényszék).

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

in Hungary, a request for review (felülvizsgálati kérelem).

Last update: 23/05/2017

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Malta

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Malta: Articles 742, 743 and 744 of the Code of Organisation and Civil Procedure — Cap. 12, and Article 549 of the Commercial Code — Cap. 13.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Malta, the ‘Prim’ Awla tal-Qorti Ċivili’ [First Hall of the Civil Court] or the ‘Qorti tal‑Maġistrati ta’ Għawdex fil-ġurisdizzjoni superjuri tagħha’ [Gozo Court of Magistrates in its superior jurisdiction] or, for maintenance judgments, the ‘Reġistratur tal-Qorti’ [Court Registrar] on transmission by the ‘Ministru responsabbli għall‑Ġustizzja’ [Minister for Justice].

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- The Court of Appeal in accordance with the procedure laid down for appeals in the Code of Organisation and Civil Procedure — Cap. 12

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Malta, there are no further appeals to any other courts;

- for maintenance judgements, the Court of Appeal in accordance with the procedure laid down for appeals in the Code of Organisation and Civil Procedure — Cap. 12.

Last update: 09/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Netherlands

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in the Netherlands, the voorzieningenrechter van de rechtbank

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in the Netherlands:

(a)      for the defendant: the arrondissementsrechtbank

(b)     for the applicant: the gerechtshof.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in the Netherlands, an appeal in cassation.

Last update: 28/06/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Austria

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Austria: Article 99 of the Court Jurisdiction Act (Jurisdiktionsnorm).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Austria, the Bezirksgericht.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Austria, the Bezirksgericht.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Austria, a Revisionsrekurs.

Last update: 05/05/2017

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Poland

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

Articles 1103 and 1110 of the Code of Civil Procedure (Kodeks postępowania cywilnego).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

the Sąd Okręgowy.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

the Sąd Apelacyjny.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

by an appeal in cassation to the Sąd Najwyższy.

Last update: 13/06/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Portugal

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

The following are applicable in Portugal:

- Article 63(1) of the Code of Civil Procedure (Código de Processo Civil), in so far as it provides for courts to have extraterritorial jurisdiction, for instance, the court at the seat of the branch, agency or office, delegation or representation (if located in Portugal) where application is made for service on the head office; and

- Article 10 of the Code of Labour Procedure (Código de Processo do Trabalho), in so far as it provides for courts to have extraterritorial jurisdiction, for instance, the court at the domicile of the applicant for proceedings arising from an employment contract brought by a worker against an employer.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

In Portugal: the District Court (Tribunal de Comarca).

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

In Portugal: the Appeal Court (Tribunal de Relação).

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

In Portugal: an appeal on a point of law.

Last update: 09/08/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Romania

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

The national jurisdiction rules referred to in Articles 3(2) and 4(2) of the Regulation are as follows:

in Romania: Articles 1065 to 1081 under Title I 'International jurisdiction of Romanian courts' in Book VII 'International civil procedure' of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Romania, a 'tribunal' (tribunal) (Article 1(1) of Article I2 of Law No 191/2007 approving Government Emergency Order No 119/2006 on measures necessary to implement certain Community Regulations from the date of Romania’s accession to the EU, as amended; Articles 95(1), 1098 and 1102(1) of the Code of Civil Procedure)

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

In Romania, a 'court of appeal' (Curtea de apel) (Article 96(2) of Law No 134/2010 on the Code of Civil Procedure).

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

an appeal (Article 97(1) of the Code of Civil Procedure)

Last update: 12/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Slovenia

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Slovenia: Article 48(2) of the Private International Law and Procedure Act (Zakon o medarodnem zasebnem pravu in postopku) in relation to Article 47(2) of Civil Procedure Act (Zakon o pravdnem postopku) and Article 58(1) of the Private International Law and Procedure Act (Zakon o medarodnem zasebnem pravu in postopku) in relation to Article 57(1) and 47(2) of Civil Procedure Act (Zakon o pravdnem postopku).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Slovenia, the okrožno sodišče.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Slovenia, the okrožno sodišče.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Slovenia, an appeal to the Vrhovno sodišče Republike Slovenije.

Last update: 08/02/2017

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Slovakia

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Slovakia: Articles 37 to 37e of Act No 97/1963 on Private International Law and the Rules of Procedure relating thereto.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Slovakia, the okresný súd.

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Slovakia, the okresný súd.

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- in Slovakia, the dovolanie.

Last update: 07/11/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Sweden

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in Sweden: the first sentence of the first paragraph of Chapter 10 Section 3 of the Code of Judicial Procedure (rättegångsbalken).

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- the district court (tingsrätt).

Click on the below link to view all competent authorities related to this Article.
List of competent authorities

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- the district court, the court of appeal (hovrätt) or the Supreme Court (Högsta domstolen).

Click on the below link to view all competent authorities related to this Article.
List of competent authorities

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- the district court, the court of appeal or the Supreme Court.

Click on the below link to view all competent authorities related to this Article.
List of competent authorities

Last update: 12/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - England and Wales

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in the United Kingdom: rules which enable jurisdiction to be founded on:

(a) the document instituting the proceedings having been served on the defendant during his temporary presence in the United Kingdom; or

(b) the presence within the United Kingdom of property belonging to the defendant; or

(c) the seizure by the plaintiff of property situated in the United Kingdom.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in England and Wales, the High Court of Justice, or in the case of a maintenance judgment, the Magistrate's Court on transmission by the Secretary of State;

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in England and Wales, the High Court of Justice, or in the case of a maintenance judgment, the Magistrate's Court;

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- a single further appeal on a point of law.

Last update: 07/04/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Northern Ireland

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in the United Kingdom: rules which enable jurisdiction to be founded on:

(a) the document instituting the proceedings having been served on the defendant during his temporary presence in the United Kingdom; or

(b) the presence within the United Kingdom of property belonging to the defendant; or

(c) the seizure by the plaintiff of property situated in the United Kingdom.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Northern Ireland, the High Court of Justice, or in the case of a maintenance judgment, the Magistrate's Court;

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Northern Ireland, the High Court of Justice, or in the case of a maintenance judgment, the Magistrate's Court;

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- a single further appeal on a point of law

Last update: 08/01/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation - Scotland

Annex I - The rules of jurisdiction referred to in Article 3(2) and Article 4(2)

- in the United Kingdom: rules which enable jurisdiction to be founded on:

(a) the document instituting the proceedings having been served on the defendant during his temporary presence in the United Kingdom; or

(b) the presence within the United Kingdom of property belonging to the defendant; or

(c) the seizure by the plaintiff of property situated in the United Kingdom.

Annex II - The courts or competent authorities to which the application referred to in Article 39 may be submitted

- in Scotland, the Court of Session, or in the case of a maintenance judgment, the Sheriff Court on transmission by the Secretary of State;

Annex III - The courts with which appeals referred to in Article 43(2) may be lodged

- in Scotland, the Court of Session, or in the case of a maintenance judgment, the Sheriff Court;

Annex IV- The appeals which may be lodged pursuant to Article 44

- a single further appeal on a point of law.

Last update: 14/05/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.