- in Belgium, the ‘tribunal de première instance’.
- in Belgium:
a) as regards appeal by the respondent, the ‘tribunal de première instance’ or ‘rechtbank van eerste aanleg’ or ‘erstinstanzliches Gericht’;
b) as regards appeal by the applicant: the ‘Cour d’appel’ or ‘hof van beroep’.
- in Belgium, an appeal in cassation
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