In accordance with Article 45(1), the courts with jurisdiction to decide on applications for a declaration of enforceability are the Local General Divisions (Juízos de Competência Genérica) or the Local Civil Divisions (Juízos Locais Cíveis), if they exist, of the relevant District Court of First Instance (Tribunal de Comarca (1ª Instância)).
In accordance with Article 50(2), the courts with jurisdiction to decide on appeals against these decisions are the Courts of Appeal (Tribunais da Relação).
For the purposes of Article 51, a decision given on appeal can only be contested by bringing an appeal on a point of law (Recurso de revista) before the Supreme Court of Justice (Supremo Tribunal de Justiça).
The authorities with the power to issue the European Certificate of Succession are Registrars (Conservadores), namely those who have competence in the area of simplified hereditary succession procedures, as provided for in Articles 210A to 210R of the Civil Registry Code (Código do Registo Civil) approved by Decree-Law No 131/95 of 6 June 1995, as amended by Decree-Law No 324/2007 of 28 September 2007.
The list of registry offices (conservatórias) able to issue the European Certificate of Succession is available at: http://www.irn.mj.pt/IRN/sections/irn/a_registral/servicos-externos-docs/contactos/balcao-das-herancas-e-locais
For the purposes of Article 72, appeals against decisions taken by Registrars are heard by the Local General Divisions or the Local Civil Divisions, if they exist, of the District Court of First Instance in the relevant registry office’s area of jurisdiction.
Within 15 days following the notification of the decision, the applicant must present to the registry office a statement of appeal addressed to the judge of the court, together with the documents he/she wishes to submit (Articles 286 and 288 of the Civil Registry Code (Código do Registo Civil), approved by Decree-Law No 131/95 of 6 June 1995, in the wording laid down by Decree-Law No 324/2007 of 28 September 2007).
For the purposes of Article 3(2), aside from the courts, notaries also have competence in matters of succession and exercise judicial functions.
Notaries are empowered to draw up all the documents for and terms of inventory proceedings and to issue inheritance certificates to beneficiaries following a person’s death, in accordance with the new legal framework on inventory proceedings, approved by Law No 23/2013 of 5 March 2013, and brought into effect by Implementing Order No 278/2013 of 26 August 2013, with the exception of cases where the parties are referred to the usual legal channels.
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