This page provides you with an overview of the legal professions in Slovakia. Prosecutors Judges Lawyers Solicitors / Legal Advisers Notaries
The Public Prosecution Service of the Slovak Republic is an independent State authority headed by the Prosecutor-General. Within its powers, the Public Prosecution Service protects the lawful rights and interests of individuals, legal entities and the State.
The Public Prosecution Service of the Slovak Republic has its own separate budget chapter in the State budget.
The status and role of the Public Prosecution Service and of the Prosecutor-General are governed by the Constitution of the Slovak Republic (Article 149) and by Public Prosecution Service Act No 153/2001, which also governs the powers of the Prosecutor‑General and other prosecutors. The Act also governs the organisation and management of the Public Prosecution Service. The status, rights and responsibilities of prosecutors are set out in Prosecutors and Trainee Prosecutors Act No 154/2001.
Given its role as an authority safeguarding the law, the Public Prosecution Service needs to be organised hierarchically. It ensures uniform application of laws and other legislation of general application, as well as uniform application of penal policy.
Within the Public Prosecution Service, there is a hierarchy of prosecutors, all of whom are subordinate to the Prosecutor-General.
The powers of the Public Prosecution Service include the following:
The Prosecutor-General and the individual prosecutors carry out all duties that fall within the scope of the powers of the Public Prosecution Service, and use all statutory means available when discharging their duties and obligations. They are required to:
The organisational system of the Public Prosecution Service of the Slovak Republic is made up of the following bodies:
The Prosecutor-General’s Office is the highest authority and heads the prosecution system. The Prosecutor-General’s Office comprises:
The Ministry of Defence is responsible for providing the necessary material and financial resources for the military section of the Prosecutor‑General’s Office and of all military prosecutor’s offices.
The headquarters of the Prosecutor-General’s Office is in Bratislava.
The headquarters and territorial districts of the subordinate prosecution offices correspond to the headquarters and districts of the respective courts. However, the headquarters and territorial jurisdiction do not correspond to the administrative territorial division of the country.
Prosecutors perform their duties as part of a service relationship, which is established when they are appointed. Prosecutors are appointed by the Prosecutor-General to prosecutorial positions without a time limit. Prosecutors must swear an unconditional oath when taking up their positions.
Prosecutors must be Slovak nationals and meet the following conditions. They must:
To become a prosecutor of a military prosecutor’s office, the following conditions must be met. The prosecutor must have:
Only a trainee prosecutor in the Public Prosecution Service may register for the prosecutorial examination. Vacancies for trainee prosecutors are filled by means of a selective examination.
Judicial expert examinations, bar examinations and notarial examinations also qualify as prosecutorial examinations under the Act.
Career promotion to the position of head prosecutor or to a higher position in a prosecutor’s office is possible only by means of a selection examination.
The temporary secondment of a prosecutor to perform tasks in another prosecutor’s office is subject to their consent. Prosecutors may be transferred to another prosecutor’s office only if they consent to the transfer, apply to be transferred or are transferred under a disciplinary measure imposed on them.
The Prosecutor-General may suspend a prosecutor if he or she is prosecuted for an intentional criminal offence or subject to disciplinary proceeding for an act that could result in their removal from prosecutorial duties.
The service relationship of a prosecutor may be terminated only for reasons defined by law.
A prosecutor has the authority to supervise compliance with the law both before prosecution and during preliminary proceedings. In carrying out their supervisory duties, prosecutors have the power to:
Only a prosecutor has the power to:
In exercising their supervisory power over compliance with the law at the places of detention of persons who have been deprived of their liberty or whose liberty has been restricted, prosecutors must ensure that:
individuals are confined only on the basis of a court decision or a decision by another authorised state body in police cells, or in establishments designed for custody, deprivation of liberty, protective treatment, protective young offenders rehabilitation, in-patient treatment or institutional treatment;
laws and other legislation of general application are observed.
In civil proceedings, the prosecutor has the power to:
When overseeing compliance by public administrative authorities with laws and other legislation of general application, the prosecutor has the right to review the lawfulness of:
For further information, please refer to the website Slovak Bar Association.
For further information, please refer to the website of the Slovak Centre for Legal Aid.
Notaries in the Slovak Republic must hold a degree in law.
The duty of a notary is to execute preventive justice and issue authenticated official acts.
Notaries are overseen by the Ministry of Justice.
Notaries must be members of the Chamber of Notaries of the Slovak Republic.
The website of the Chamber of Notaries only provides intranet support for notaries. Access is free but the information that can be searched is limited.
The database provides access to:
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.
Member States in charge of the management of national content pages are in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.