This section provides you with information on the organisation of specialised courts in Poland.
There are several special courts and tribunals in Poland.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority. It exercises judicial supervision over the decisions of all other courts, ensuring consistency of legal interpretation and judicial practice.
The Supreme Court is not a common court. It reviews cases in cassation and other appeals against court judgements; and adopts resolutions aimed at clarifying legal provisions that raise doubts or the application of which causes disparities in judicial decision making. It also adopts resolutions settling legal questions referred to it in connection with specific cases.
The Polish Supreme Court (Sąd Najwyższy) publishes its decisions, with its reasoning, on its website, Polish Supreme Court, which is also available in English.
In the Polish legal system, the Constitutional Tribunal (Trybunał Konstytucyjny) is not regarded as a common court.
The Constitutional Tribunal rules:
All of its decisions are made public, together with its reasoning, on the website of the Constitutional Court of Poland, which is also available in English.
The Tribunal of State (Trybunał Stanu) adjudicates cases in which people that occupy (or have occupied) the highest state positions are charged with violating the Constitution or other legislative Acts.
You can find more information on the website of the Polish Tribunal of the State.
The system of administrative courts includes the High Administrative Court (Naczelny Sąd Administracyjny) and regional administrative courts – one per voivodeship or province (wojewódzkie sądy administracyjne).
The High Administrative Court:
The Supreme Administrative Court has published all its decisions, together with its reasoning, since 1st October 2007. Earlier decisions are still being added to the database. The Court’s website is available only in Polish.
The Supreme Administrative Court (Naczelny Sąd Administracyjny) publishes its decisions, with its reasoning, on its website.
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