All private disputes are referred to civil courts, including cases of voluntary jurisdiction assigned to these courts by law.
Civil courts include:
Criminal Courts try criminal cases.
Criminal courts include:
By virtue of special laws, criminal jurisdiction is also exercised by:
These courts try cases as special criminal courts.
These courts try cases involving offences by military personnel serving in the army, navy or air force.
Αdministrative courts are responsible for resolving administrative disputes between government administration and citizens.
Ordinary administrative courts include administrative courts of first instance (διοικητικά πρωτοδικεία) and administrative courts of appeal (διοικητικά εφετεία).
Three-member administrative courts of first instance also hear appeals against rulings by one-member administrative courts of first instance.
petitions for annulment of administrative acts for breach of law, abuse of power, lack of competence or formal omission;
appeals by civilian, military, government and other personnel against rulings by staff councils (υπηρεσιακά συμβούλια) on promotion, dismissal, demotion, etc.;
petitions for review of rulings by administrative courts.
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