In this section you will find information about the Bulgarian judiciary.
Regional Courts (RC)
The main court of first instance is the regional court. It examines civil, criminal and administrative/penal cases. Amongst these are family and labour law cases, claims for maintenance and adoption, actions on commercial disputes and civil cases where the cost of the action does not exceed 50 000 BGN (<€ 25 000) as well as partitions of corporeal immovable property.
The regional court consists of the chairman and his/her deputies, an administrative secretary, a registrar, a secretary, a clerk, a court official and an archivist.
District Courts (DC)
When acting as a court of first instance the district court examines:
District courts are located in the district centres. Within each district court's judicial area there are one or several regional courts.
A City Court is established in Sofia and has the powers of a district court.
District courts adjudicate as intermediate appellate review instances in civil and criminal cases which are established by law.
As the intermediate appellate review instance, the appellate court examines acts appealed against in district court cases, as well as other district court cases that have been assigned to it by law.
The Supreme Court of Cassation acts as third and last instance in all civil and criminal cases.
Each court in Bulgaria maintains a website which corresponds to the needs of the citizens, legal entities and administrative authorities. Those websites provide information on the court's structure and activities, as well as information on ongoing cases and cases which are already closed.
The website of the Supreme Judicial Council provides a detailed list of the courts in Bulgaria along with their addresses and websites (in Bulgarian only).
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