You are entitled to file a civil action against the accused to claim damages as part of the criminal proceedings. You can file a civil action within 10 days after you examine the criminal file. You can also request that the prosecutor’s office extend this deadline.
If the convicted offender does not pay the amount imposed on him or her by the court ruling, you are entitled to contact a bailiff, who will organise enforcement proceedings.
No, the state does not pay damages owed by a convicted offender.
You may apply for compensation from the state for the following types of damage if you are a person close to the person who died because of a crime, or if you are a victim of a crime of violence, and have sustained a health disorder lasting for at least four months because of the crime:
To be eligible for compensation, you must report the crime to the police within 15 days after it takes place or after you have the opportunity to report it.
The application for compensation must be submitted to the Estonian National Social Insurance Board within three years of the crime being committed or the date of the victim’s death, unless:
You can apply for state compensation to victims of crime if the criminal proceedings fail to identify the person who committed the crime against you.
If the person accused of the crime is acquitted in court but you still believe that the person has caused you damage, then you can file a civil action.
The decision on the award of compensation to a victim of violence may be postponed until a county court ruling if:
If the award of compensation is postponed, the Estonian National Social Insurance Board may make an advance payment on the basis of a request from the applicant for compensation if the applicant is clearly eligible for compensation and he or she is in a difficult economic situation.
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