If you are a civil party (1), you can appeal against а criminal judgment before the criminal court, but your appeal may only refer to the “civil aspects” of the impugned judgement. When both you and the prosecution file an appeal, the appellate proceeding deals with both criminal and civil aspects of the matter.
You can appeal within:
If you disagree with the “criminal” aspects of the judgment (i.e. in case the defendant has been acquitted or the punishment is too lenient), you may ask the prosecution to appeal. However, the prosecution is not bound to comply with such а request.
If you are a civil party (1), you may also file a third instance appeal to the Court of Cassation for violations of the law including violations of rules concerning the admissibility of evidence, rules concerning instances of illogic or contradictory reasons for judgment, etc.
You can appeal within:
There is no structure system in place to ensure information to you after the sentencing of the offender. After the court sentence enters into force you have no right to be informed of the convicted person’s release.
No interpretation or translation of documents free of charge, no further access to any data or documents and no further protection will be provided to you.
Regardless of your previous role in the proceedings you will have no right to access to proceedings before the judicial authorities (the Supervisory Penitentiary Court and the Supervisory Magistrate) in charge of controlling the prison regime of the defendant.
When the offender is placed under the supervision of a social worker, your interests are still considered instead. Inmates eligible for be placed under the supervision of a social worker are given a series of “behavioural” orders by the Supervisory Courts. These orders must be followed so to qualify for a successful probation and subsequent release. Where appropriate, the convicted person may be required to take positive action for the benefit of the victim.
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.