Victims' rights - by country

Hungary

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Hungary

How and where can I report a crime?

How can I follow up on what the authorities do after I report a crime?

How can I be involved in the investigation of the crime?

What are my rights as a witness?

I am a minor. Do I have additional rights?

What information can I obtain from police or victim support organisations during the investigation of the crime?

Can I receive legal aid?

How can I get protection, if I am in danger?

What services and assistance can I be given during the investigation of the crime?

Are there opportunities to reach settlement/conciliation or to start mediation between the offender and myself?

How will my case continue after the end of the investigation?

Can I appeal if my case is closed without reaching the court?

I am a foreigner. How are my rights and interests protected?

More information

How and where can I report a crime?

You can report a crime to the police or to the prosecutor:

  • personally (in writing or orally) – oral reports are recorded by authorities, who will ask you about the elements and circumstances of the crime committed, the identity of the offender and the evidence you may possess;
  • by phone; the police also operates a free hotline called ‘Phone Witness’, through which witnesses and victims can report offences anonymously. The hotline number is 003680555111 and it operates between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. from Monday to Thursday, and between 8 a.m. and 1 p.m. on Friday. More information on the hotline in Hungarian is found in the special section of the Police website.
  • by any other communication means including dialling the EU emergency number 112.
  • You can also submit a report to other authorities, or the court, which will forward it to the police or the prosecutor. All reports submitted are registered. You can report anonymously, therefore it is not obligatory to submit your identification or contact details. Your report needs to contain details about the crime. There is no special form required by the authorities for the crime report.

Criminal proceedings are conducted in Hungarian, but you can use both orally and in writing your mother tongue, your regional or minority language or any other language you choose. If the use of your mother tongue would lead to enormous difficulties, the use of another language known to you will be decided upon. You are entitled to an interpreter free of charge.

There is no express deadline for reporting a crime, but the authorities will reject your report if it is made outside a certain period, which is usually equivalent to the maximum period of penalty for a given offence and is at least three years.

For some crimes, you may also submit a private motion and, depending on the type of the criminal offence, become a private prosecutor (1). The "private motion" is a statement in which you expressly request that the perpetrator be punished. You have 30 days to submit the private motion after you get to know the identity of the offender. Cases concerning criminal offences such as e.g. rape or acts of indecency will be dealt with by the public prosecutor, but the perpetrator may be punished only if there is a private motion submitted. In case of other criminal offences, e.g. libel you act as a prosecutor instead of the public prosecutor and you have to prove that the alleged perpetrator is guilty.

If you have suffered damages as a consequence of the offence, you can act as a civil claimant and claim compensation from the offender in the framework of the criminal procedure. You may submit your claim already in your report on the crime. If you claim compensation this way, you do not have to initiate a separate civil procedure for getting compensation.

How can I follow up on what the authorities do after I report a crime?

If you report a crime by phone or other communication means, you do not get a reference number. If you submit a report personally, you receive the minutes of your report that include a reference number and you can quote this reference number when following up on your report of a crime. You are subsequently informed about the initiation of investigation or the rejection of your report/private motion.

How can I be involved in the investigation of the crime?

If your identity is known or becomes known to the authorities during the investigation, you become part of the proceedings automatically as the victim (aggrieved party). During the investigation, you may:

  • file an appeal against the rejection of your report within eight days of the communication of the rejection decision;
  • be notified (unless action is urgent) about and be present at the hearing of experts, the inspection of a scene or an object, evidentiary experiments and identification line-ups (presence not obligatory), but not at the suspect’s hearing;
  • inspect the minutes of those investigative actions where you were present; other files may be inspected only if this is not contrary to the interests of the investigation;
  • be summoned to attend for various procedural steps (e.g. showing of evidence, visiting a site, etc.), where your presence is obligatory, in writing, by phone, fax or e-mail or orally, if you are to appear personally;
  • submit requests and observations;
  • submit a request to issue a restraining order;
  • ask questions of experts;
  • be interviewed as a witness, in which case you are obliged to make a testimony, unless you are a relative of the offender or your testimony would create a suspicion that you or your relatives may have committed a crime; if you have limited capacity to understand the meaning of refusing to testify as a witness due to your mental or other state, you may only testify if you wish to do so and your representative/custodian consents;
  • obtain copies of expert opinions and files on investigative actions during which you were not present; other copies may be obtained if that is not contrary to the interests of investigation and only after you have given testimony as a witness; if the proceedings are terminated you can receive copies of all files created by the police or the prosecutor upon request within eight days;
  • have your expenses (2) reimbursed;
  • inspect case files after the end of the investigation, submit requests and make observations;
  • file an appeal against a decision or a measure by the prosecutor or police within eight days after its communication, except if it concerns evidentiary proceedings or interrogation of witnesses.

During investigation, you can also become a private prosecutor (1), a civil claimant (3) or a substitute private prosecutor (4).

You are entitled to an interpreter free of charge if you use your mother tongue, your regional or minority language or another language. You are also entitled to translation of decisions and other official documents to be formally delivered free of charge.

You are only required to prove the crime you are a victim of if you participate as a private prosecutor (1), otherwise it is the task of the prosecution.

As a victim or private prosecutor (1), you may be represented, always upon authorisation, by:

  • a lawyer;
  • your adult relatives with a clear criminal record.

As a substitute private prosecutor (4), you have to be represented by a lawyer, unless you have completed a bar exam.

You can also be represented by a lawyer as a legal aid provider, or, if you are part of a particular group, by an NGO established for the protection of your group.

Depending on the type of crime you are a victim of, you have some additional rights:

  • if you are a victim of domestic violence, investigation is ordered without delay; proceedings are conducted by a police officer with theoretical and practical experience, having due empathy; if necessary, a psychologist or expert is involved; you may ask to be heard by a police woman; your testimony is audio-visually recorded, if possible;
  • if you are a victim of human trafficking and forced prostitution, you are interviewed by a police officer of the same sex with due empathy and experience in the field; if necessary, a psychologist is involved.

What are my rights as a witness?

If you are a victim of a crime, you may be heard as a witness by the investigating authority, the public prosecutor and the court. You may be heard as a witness if you may have knowledge about facts to be proven. If you are summoned as a witness, you are obliged to show up. The court, the public prosecutor and the investigating authority may allow you to submit your witness testimony in writing. In this case your testimony should be written and signed by you or should have your special electronic signature on it (if submitted electronically) or should be attested by a judge or a public notary.

You may refuse to give testimony if you are a relative of the offender or your testimony would create a suspicion that you or your relatives may have committed a crime. If you have limited capacity to understand the meaning of refusing to testify as a witness due to your mental or other state, you may only testify if you wish to do so and your representative/custodian consents.

You as a witness may be represented by a retained attorney who may be present at your interrogation and may inform you about your rights. The expenses incurred as a result of your participation in the proceedings as a witness (travel expenses, accommodation expenses and expenses related to taking days off) are reimbursed upon request to the authority responsible for your case. Your personal data may be treated confidentially. You or the attorney acting on your behalf may ask that your personal data – except for your name – is handled separately and confidentially in documents. In such cases your data may only be inspected by the prosecutor and the investigating authority. Once confidential treatment of your personal data is ordered, your personal data is deleted from copies of case files received by participants to the proceedings.

I am a minor. Do I have additional rights?

If you are a minor, you have a number of additional rights:

  • if you are under 14 years of age, to be heard as witness only if your evidence cannot be substituted and to be subjected to confrontation only if this will not cause you anxiety; to be given special attention by the victim support reference persons operating at the county police headquarters and Budapest police headquarters;
  • if you are under 18 years of age, to have your parents/legal representatives/custodian present at your interview (the person accompanying you is entitled to the reimbursement of the same expenses as you are as a witness);
  • if you are a victim of domestic violence, to be heard with the assistance of a psychologist and at special premises, if possible;
  • to have your case dealt with urgently, if an offence against life, limb or health, marriage, youth or sexual morality, or another violent offence, is committed against you;
  • to have a restraining order issued against the offender;
  • if you do not have the financial resources to pay for a lawyer, to have free legal representation under all circumstances.

What information can I obtain from police or victim support organisations during the investigation of the crime?

After reporting the crime, the police or the prosecutor will notify you of the following:

  • the initiation of investigation, if the offence was not reported by you, but your identity is known to them;
  • the rejection of your report.

The court decides on and notifies you of the following:

At the moment of your first contact with the police, they will inform you about:

  • the availability of victim support – you should also receive the information leaflet issued by the Victim Support Service;
  • how to obtain the certificate needed to receive victim support.

During the investigation, the police or the prosecutor will inform you about:

  • investigative actions;
  • appointing an expert in the case;
  • issuing a restraining order against the offender.

The Victim Support Service may inform you, irrespective of your financial situation or the status of the proceedings, of:

  • your rights and obligations in the criminal proceedings;
  • the forms of support available, the eligibility criteria and how to apply for support;
  • the contact details of state, local, civil and church organisations that can help you;
  • any other available benefits, allowances and opportunities.

Can I receive legal aid?

Irrespective of your capacity in the proceedings, you may request legal aid free of charge as early as filing your report about the crime you became a victim of if:

  • you have financial difficulties and
  • you are not personally capable of enforcing your rights in an efficient way due to the complexity of the case, your lack of experience in law or other personal circumstances.

You may be entitled to free legal representation by an attorney if you are a victim, a private prosecutor (1), a civil claimant (3) or in another way interested in the case. If you are a substitute private prosecutor (4), you have to be represented by an attorney, but if you cannot afford it, you may request personal cost exemption and free legal representation.

You should direct your request to the regional Legal Aid Service competent at your domicile, habitual residence, accommodation or workplace, personally or by post. Forms are available in Hungarian and English and should be accompanied by relevant documentation, proving your eligibility. If legal aid is granted to you, you should choose a legal aid provider from a special register.

How can I get protection, if I am in danger?

You can only get protection after an investigation is ordered. You and/or your attorney may request protection via the investigating authority or the public prosecutor.

If you are called as a witness, your personal data may be treated confidentially at your request or by the initiative of the authorities. In that case it will be seen only by the court, the prosecutor or the investigating authority and will be deleted from the copies of case files seen by participants to the proceedings.

In exceptional cases, in order to protect your life, physical integrity or personal liberty, the court, the prosecutor or the investigating authority may initiate to give you as a victim or as a witness and your family members/relatives/partner personal protection. Personal protection is performed by the police.

You as a witness may be declared as ‘specially protected’ in the following cases:

  • your testimony concerns important aspects of an very serious crime;
  • the evidence provided by your testimony may not be substituted;
  • the defendant and his/her defence counsel do not have information about your identity, your place of residence and about the fact that you are intended to be heard as a witness, and revealing your identity would result in a serious threat against your or your relatives’ life, physical integrity or personal liberty.

It is the public prosecutor who is entitled to file a request to declare someone a ’specially protected’ witness. Thus, you and your attorney may ask the public prosecutor to file a motion in this regard. The ’specially protected’ status is decided on by a special judge called an investigating judge. If you are declared ’specially protected’, the investigating judge hears you and you should not be summoned to the court hearing. If there is a need for a new interrogation as a consequence of the court hearing, you will be heard by the investigating judge again. Your identity, personal data and place of residence will be treated confidentially and will not be accessible to the defendant and his/her defence counsel. You may also be protected within the framework of a special Protection Programme(5). If you are participating in the Programme, you are called or notified of actions, or sent documents, only through the protection body. You would use its address as your address of residence. No one, including the authorities, may be provided with copies of documents containing information about you, unless the protection body permits. You may refuse to give testimony giving or implying information about your new identity or place of residence.

If you are a victim of domestic violence, the police officer makes sure you are in safety and, if you so request, accompanies you to the nearest shelter.

If you are a victim of a sexual offence or domestic violence and you or the public prosecutor request so, the court may issue, for a period of between 10-60 days, a restraining order, prohibiting the offender from approaching you or ordering him/her to leave your residence.

What services and assistance can I be given during the investigation of the crime?

Victim assistance is provided by the Victim Support Service. Once the criminal procedure is initiated, you are entitled to victim support services, consisting of three forms of assistance:

  • immediate financial aid: you are entitled to this, irrespective of the crime you are a victim of and your financial status, if you are not able to cover your extraordinary expenses for accommodation, clothing, food and travel, medical or funeral expenses, incurred as a consequence of being victimised. You have to apply to the Victim Support Service within three working days of the commission of the crime;
  • legal aid, if the Legal Aid Service so decides;
  • help with securing your rights as a victim: the Victim Support Service will help you enforce your rights and access health care services, health insurance benefits and social welfare services, irrespective of your financial situation.

You can receive medical assistance but you need to pay for it unless you have a valid health insurance. Citizens of the 27 EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland can benefit from the European Health Insurance Card.

Are there opportunities to reach settlement/conciliation or to start mediation between the offender and myself?

You may propose at any stage of the proceedings to refer the case to penal mediation if the conditions for that exist. Mediation is applied only once in the course of proceedings:

  • for certain crimes against the person, against property or traffic offences, if the crime is punishable with a maximum of five years' imprisonment;
  • with your consent and that of the offender;

Mediation cannot take place if the offender is a habitual criminal or qualified recidivist; he/she committed the crime as a member of a criminal organisation; the crime resulted in death; if he/she committed the crime while on probation, while sentenced to suspended imprisonment before the termination of the imprisonment, while released on parole or under suspension of the indictment; or if the offender had participated in a mediation procedure before and he/she committed an intentional criminal offence within two years of the mediation decision having come into effect.

During the investigation, the prosecutor may postpone the filing of the indictment for a maximum of six months and order mediation upon his/her own initiative or a request by yourself or the defendant, if:

  • the procedure may be terminated, or the punishment may be lessened;
  • the offender made a confession during the investigation, and he/she is ready to reimburse you for damage;
  • you and the offender consented to mediation;
  • the court may not proceed with hearing the case, taking into account the specific circumstances, or it may be presumed that the court will take into account the voluntary restitution by the defendant when sentencing.

The goal of the mediation procedure is to reach an agreement aimed at compensating the damage suffered by you as a consequence of the criminal offence. The agreement should be acceptable for you and the offender should be able to fulfil it.

How will my case continue after the end of the investigation?

After the end of the investigation, the prosecutor may:

  • draw an indictment against the offender;
  • terminate the investigation.

He/she should inform you about his/her decision in writing, by phone, fax or e-mail or orally, if you appear in person.

At this stage, you may only act as substitute private prosecutor (4).

If proceedings are carried out on the basis of your motion as private prosecutor (1), you may withdraw your motion and the court shall terminate the proceedings.

Can I appeal if my case is closed without reaching the court?

You may file an appeal against the termination of the investigation by the prosecutor within eight days of the communication of the decision. If your appeal is unsuccessful and the prosecutor upholds his/her decision, the appeal is forwarded to the supervising prosecutor, who decides on the termination, and no further appeal is possible.

If your appeal against the termination of the investigation is rejected, you are entitled to inspect the case files in the prosecutor’s office. If it is possible to participate in the proceedings in the given case as a substitute private prosecutor (4), you should be informed about this by the authorities. You may file a motion to become a substitute private prosecutor (4) within 60 days after the rejection of your appeal; the motion should be filed at the public prosecutor . As a substitute private prosecutor (4), you have to be represented by an attorney, unless you have completed a bar exam. Your motion will be decided on by the court. The authorities may order to continue the investigation even if your motion to become a substitute private prosecutor (4) is rejected. If the decision of the authorities is to continue proceedings, you do not have any possibility to terminate them.

I am a foreigner. How are my rights and interests protected?

If you are a foreigner, you can, in particular, benefit from the following procedural rights:

  • to use your mother tongue, or your regional or minority language, and be appointed an interpreter free of charge;
  • if you are a victim of human trafficking, to have one month to decide whether you want to cooperate with the authorities; to receive a certificate of temporary residence for this month and a residence permit in case of cooperation;
  • if you are an asylum-seeker, to receive legal aid irrespective of your financial situation.

More information:

  • Act XIX of 1998 on the Criminal Procedure (1998. évi XIX. törvény a büntetőeljárásról) – in Hungarian
  • Act IV of 1978 on the Criminal Code (1978. évi IV. törvény a Büntető Törvénykönyvről) – in Hungarian
  • Act CXXXV of 2005 on the Support of Victims of Crime and State Compensation (2005. évi CXXXV. törvény a bűncselekmények áldozatainak segítéséről és az állami kárenyhítésről) – in Hungarian
  • Act LXXX of 2003 on Legal Aid (2003. évi LXXX. törvény a jogi segítségnyújtásról) – in Hungarian
  • Act LXXXV of 2001 on the Protection Program of those Participating in Criminal Proceedings and Supporting Jurisdiction (2001. évi LXXXV. törvény a büntetőeljárásban részt vevők, az igazságszolgáltatást segítők Védelmi Programjáról) – in Hungarian
  • Act CXXIII of 2006 on Mediation Activity Applicable in Criminal Cases (2006. évi CXXIII. törvény a büntetőügyekben alkalmazható közvetítői tevékenységről) – in Hungarian
  • The Decree of the Minister of Justice and Law Enforcement 17/2007. (III. 13.) on the Tasks of the Police and the Border Guards Related to Victim Support (17/2007. (III. 13.) IRM rendelet a rendőrség és a határőrség áldozatsegítő feladatairól) – in Hungarian
  • Government Decree 34/1999. (II. 26.) on the Conditions of Ordering and Rules of Implementing the Personal Protection of those Participating in Criminal Proceedings and Members of Authorities Proceeding (34/1999. (II. 26.) Korm. rendelet a büntetőeljárásban résztvevők, valamint az eljárást folytató hatóság tagjai személyi védelme elrendelésének feltételeiről és végrehajtásának szabályairól) – in Hungarian
  • Joint Decree 23/2003. (VI. 24.) of the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Justice on the Detailed Rules of Investigation Conducted by Investigative Authorities under the Minister of Interior and the Rules of Recording Investigative Acts by Means Other than Minutes (23/2003. (VI. 24.) BM-IM együttes rendelet a belügyminiszter irányítása alá tartozó nyomozó hatóságok nyomozásának részletes szabályairól és a nyomozási cselekmények jegyzőkönyv helyett más módon való rögzítésének szabályairól) – in Hungarian
  • Joint Decree of the Minister of Justice, the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Finance 26/2003. (VII. 1.) on the State Reimbursement of Out-of-pocket Expenses of the Defendant and the Defence Counsel, and on the Expenses and Fees of Persons Participating in the Criminal Proceedings (26/2003. (VII. 1.) IM-BM-PM együttes rendelet a terhelt és a védő készkiadása, illetőleg a védő díja állam általi megtérítésének szabályairól, valamint a büntetőeljárásban részt vevő személyek és képviselőik költségéről és díjáról) – in Hungarian
  • Decree of the Minister of Justice and Law Enforcement 14/2008. (VI. 27.) on the Reimbursement of Witnesses (14/2008. (VI. 27.) IRM rendelet a tanúk költségtérítéséről) – in Hungarian
  • Joint Decree of the Minister of Justice, the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Finance 21/2003. (VI. 24.) on the Advance of the Costs of Criminal Proceedings (21/2003. (VI. 24.) IM-BM-PM együttes rendelet a bűnügyi költségek előlegezéséről) – in Hungarian
  • Order of the National Police Headquarters 50/2008. (OT 29.) on the Tasks of the Police Related to Victim Support (50/2008. (OT 29.) ORFK utasítás a Rendőrség áldozatsegítő feladatairól) – in Hungarian
  • Order of the National Police Headquarters 71/2007. (OT 35. ) on the Implementation of Tasks of the Police concerning the Phone Witness Program (71/2007. (OT 35.) ORFK utasítás a Telefontanú Program rendőri feladatainak végrehajtásáról) – in Hungarian
  • Order of the National Police Headquarters 32/2007. (OT. 26.) ORFK on the Implementation of the Police’s Tasks Related to Domestic Violence and the Protection of Minors (32/2007. (OT. 26.) ORFK utasítás a a családon belüli erőszak kezelésével és a kiskorúak védelmével kapcsolatos rendőri feladatok végrehajtására) – in Hungarian
Notes:

1. Private prosecutor
For crimes such as minor bodily harm, infringement of private or postal secrecy, defamation, libel and irreverence you can only initiate proceedings as a private prosecutor (by what is called a "private motion"). You will be able to exercise all the rights of the public prosecutor. To submit a report about such a crime, which will be considered as a motion to become a private prosecutor, you have 30 days once you know the identity of the offender. The private motion is a report in which you have to expressly state that you want the perpetrator to be punished. Evidence should also be indicated in the report. If an ordinary investigation has begun and it turns out that the offence falls into this category, you have 30 days to state whether you want to act as a private prosecutor.
Reports are usually submitted to the court in writing or orally. You can also submit one to the police or prosecutor and they will forward it to the court, unless the prosecutor decides that he/she wants to proceed with an ordinary investigation and takes over the prosecution. The court orders investigation if the perpetrator’s identity, personal data or place of residence is unknown or there is a need to search for a specific piece of evidence. If the identity of the unknown perpetrator could not have been established in the course of the investigation either, the court terminates the procedure.
The court orders a special hearing and if the reconciliation is unsuccessful, schedules a court hearing. You will be summoned both to the special hearing and the court hearing.. If you fail to show up in front of the court and fail to provide a well-grounded reason for that, the procedure is terminated. You may drop the charges in the course of the proceedings, in the case of which the procedure will be terminated by the court.
You may appeal both against the first instance and second instance decision, but only ‘against’ the defendant, thus with regard to the conviction or not of the defendant or for a more severe sanction to be imposed.

2. Reimbursable victim's expenses related to participation in the proceedings
Generally, if you participate in the proceedings as a victim, private prosecutor, substitute private prosecutor or civil claimant, expenses incurred by you or your representatives will be reimbursed as follows:
· travel and accommodation expenses;
· costs of the opinion of the expert, invited by yourself, with the consent of the prosecution/court;
· expenses of full or partial video or audio recording of the proceedings/stenography;
· expenses for one copy of the case files;
· communication expenses (phone, fax, post, other);
· representatives’ fee.
Your out-of-pocket expenses and those of your representatives, as well as the representatives’ fees are advanced by yourself, irrespective of your capacity in the proceedings.
The expenses incurred as a result of your participation in the proceedings as a witness, are reimbursed upon request to the authority responsible for your case. You have to submit a detailed list and justification of expenses. The following types of expenses may be considered eligible, with some limitations:
· travel expenses;
· accommodation expenses;
· per diem;
· expenses related to taking days off work.

3. Civil claimant
If you have sustained damages as a consequence of the offence, you can act as a civil claimant and claim compensation from the offender in your crime report. Claiming compensation is free of charge. In this case the court decides in the same procedure on the question of criminal liability and on the claim for compensation and you do not have to initiate a separate lawsuit. If you have a well-grounded suspicion that the offender may frustrate your efforts, you can request in the report the freezing of his/her property.

4. Substitute private prosecutor
You can join proceedings as a substitute private prosecutor, if you have submitted a report to the police or the prosecutor and your appeal against its rejection or the termination of investigation was rejected. You can do this within 60 days of the communication of the rejection only if:
· the report was rejected because (i) the act in question was not considered a criminal offence, or (ii) the alleged perpetrator is not legally punishable;
· the investigation was terminated because (i) the act in question was not considered a criminal offence, (ii) the criminal offence was not committed by the alleged perpetrator, or this may not be established, or (iii) the alleged perpetrator is not legally punishable.
After the end of the investigation, you may also act as substitute private prosecutor, if the prosecutor has decided not to file an indictment about some elements of the crime.
During the trial, you can become a substitute private prosecutor if the prosecutor drops the charges against the defendant in the course of the proceedings. The decision to drop charges is delivered to you by post. If you do not stand as a substitute private prosecutor within 60 days, the court terminates proceedings.
As a substitute private prosecutor, you have to be represented by an attorney, unless you have completed a bar exam. If you want act in the procedure as a substitute private prosecutor, you have the right to examine the case files after the rejection of your appeal. You have 60 days to file your request to become a substitute private prosecutor via your legal representative at the first instance public prosecutor. The request is decided on by the court.
If you cannot afford to retain an attorney, you may request personal cost exemption and free legal representation from the Legal Aid Service. You should notify the authorities about requesting these, since the 60-day deadline starts to run only after the communication of the decision on granting you free legal aid.

5. Protection programme
You may participate in the special Protection Programme during and after criminal proceedings for an especially serious crime if:
· you will give testimony about significant elements of the crime or the offender/criminal group;
· your testimony will contribute to a great extent to proving the case or identifying the perpetrator;
· a violent crime or one endangering the public might be committed against you to prevent you from participating in the proceedings;
· you cannot be protected by means of simple personal protection.
Your family members and, exceptionally, other persons, may also take part in the Programme, if this is acceptable in view of the aim of the protection and your situation.
The Protection Programme may include the following measures:
· change of domicile or residence;
· change of identity;
· personal protection;
· making your personal data from public informational sources inaccessible for the public;
· changing your name, etc.
Last update: 05/07/2018

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