Victims' rights - by country

Greece

Content provided by:
Greece

Can I appeal against a sentence or if the defendant is declared not guilty?

Is further appeal possible?

What rights do I have after the court sentence enters into force?

More information

Can I appeal against a sentence or if the defendant is declared not guilty?

When the trial is over the court will convict or acquit the defendant depending on the evidence it has collected. If the court finds the defendant not guilty it will acquit him/her and will not rule on your civil claim. In this case the defendant has the right to claim back compensation from you for the expenses he/she has made in relation to the case. If the court finds the defendant guilty it will issue a sentence and will rule on the amount of compensation you will receive from the defendant.

If you are not satisfied with the decision of the court you can appeal against it. You will be able to appeal only if you have participated in the trial as a civil claimant (1).

Your right to appeal depends on whether the court has convicted or acquitted the defendant. If the court has acquitted the defendant you can appeal against the decision only if you were condemned to pay remuneration to the defendant and trial expenses. If the court has convicted the defendant you can appeal only if your claim was refused due to the fact that was not based on law or your claim for compensation has been rejected or the awarded compensation is less than the requested amount.

Alternatively, you can ask the public prosecutor to appeal against the decision instead of you.

Is further appeal possible?

If you are still not satisfied with the decision of the court after the first appeal you have one more option to challenge the decision. Again, your right to appeal depends on whether the defendant was acquitted or convicted. You can appeal against an acquittal only ifyou were condemned to compensation and trial expenses. You can appeal against a conviction only if the court has rejected your claim due to the fact that was not based on law or the court has rejected your claim for compensation or has not awarded the full amount of the requested compensation.

Alternatively, you can ask the public prosecutor to appeal against the decision instead of you.

What rights do I have after the court sentence enters into force?

After the court sentence enters into force your role in the criminal proceedings is generally over. Greek legislation does not provide for any additional rights for crime victims after the sentence begins. There is only one exception: if you are a child and you have suffered from a sexual offence the public prosecutor will inform you about the release of the offender. You have this right irrespective of whether you have participated in the criminal proceedings as a civil claimant (1) or not.

More information:

  • Code of Criminal Procedure (Κώδικας Ποινικής Δικονομίας) – in Greek
Note:

1. Civil claimant
The civil claimant is a person who has suffered damage (property and/or psychological and/or physical) as a result of a crime and participates in the criminal proceedings claiming financial compensation including compensation for moral harm or pain and suffering from the offender. As a victim of crime you can become a civil claimant by submitting a declaration during the investigation or during the trial. During the investigation you can present your claim to the prosecutor or the police officer in charge of your case. During the trial you can submit your declaration and present your claim directly to the court. Your declaration should be written in Greek. There is no special form you need to follow but the declaration has to include a short report of the case, the reasons on which your right to participate as a civil claimant is based and the appointment of a proxy in case you do not reside permanently at the place of the court. Otherwise, your declaration will be inadmissible.
You can also claim compensation from the offender by starting a separate case in a civil court. If you have started such a case and the court has not decided on it yet, you can submit the same claim in the criminal proceedings. The consequence is that the case before the civil court will be closed.
Last update: 24/06/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.
Member States in charge of the management of national content pages are in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.

Feedback

Use the form below to share your comments and feedback on our new website