If you become a victim of a crime, you can make a report at any police station. It is an official statement, which you complete and sign in the presence of a police officer – actually, the officer usually completes it himself/herself. In your report, you have to include your name, ID number, address, telephone number and description of the crime.
You can submit the report in any language and you are entitled to an interpreter free of charge, if you do not speak Greek.
The crime against you can also be reported by any of your close relatives, but only if you are not in position to report yourself (e.g. if you are in hospital).
There is no specific deadline, within which you should report.
If you ask for a reference number for your report, you will be given one. You will also be provided with the contact details of the police officer in charge of your case, whom/whose station you have to contact for a follow-up.
There is no specific legal capacity, in which you can be involved in the investigation.
As a victim, you will be heard by the police officer responsible for the investigation of your case and you have the right:
If you are a victim of human trafficking and exploitation, you have the following specific rights provided that you collaborate with the police:
To obtain access to data or documents concerning your case, you may initially contact the police officer in charge, who has to inform you about any new developments. If you are not satisfied or need more information, you may apply to the Chief of Police. You will receive a report about the proceedings, containing general information on their progress but without copies of specific documents. In the case of car accidents, you may also obtain a sketch of the accident’s scene for insurance or compensation purposes.
After the case goes to the Attorney General, in accordance with developed practice, you may also ask him/her for copies of the documents of the case but it is within his/her discretion to decide whether to give you such.
You do not have to prove any aspects of the crime you became a victim of – it is the obligation of police to investigate the case and collect information and evidence. You may act as a private prosecutor only for very minor crimes.
During the investigation the police may call you for an interview as a witness. You have to appear at the police station and tell the police officer everything you know about the incident.
You are entitled to interpretation and translation free of charge at this stage as far as it concerns your own testimony. If you are a victim of domestic violence or human trafficking and exploitation, the publication or disclosure of your personal details of your testimony is prohibited.
If you are a minor, you have some additional rights:
You are generally informed about new developments in the investigation, such as arrests, criminal charges, closing of the investigation, etc. The police keep a record of all the communication between you and the police regarding the information you have been given on developments of the case.
You are also informed when the case is transferred to the Prosecutor General to decide whether to proceed with prosecution and you are notified about his/her final decision.
If you are a victim of a human rights violation (1) and are part of proceedings against the Republic of Cyprus for its alleged failure to protect or respect your rights, you may apply to the court for legal aid free of charge. Legal aid includes free consultation, assistance and representation.
Currently, the relevant legislation is under amendment in order to provide for free legal aid to the victims of human trafficking.
The Prosecutor General may decide whether you need to be included in the ‘Witness Protection Plan’ and what protection you and your family, if needed, will be given, usually after the beginning of the investigation. Protection measures may include:
If you are a victim of domestic violence:
If you are a victim of human trafficking and exploitation:
During the investigation of the crime, you can be provided assistance depending on the special elements of the crime you suffered from and your personal characteristics.
Generally, medical treatment is provided by public hospitals and psychological support is given by the Psychiatric Services Department. Citizens of the 27 EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland can benefit from the European Health Insurance Card.
Temporary welfare allowance may be provided to you, including ‘urgent’ allowance, if you have special needs or in case of emergency, upon decision of the Director of the Social Welfare Services.
If you are a victim of human trafficking, you have the following specific rights:
You do not have specific opportunities in the law to resort to mediation between the offender and yourself. In practice, however, you may reach a private settlement with the offender, withdraw your report and the police may close the investigation, unless the case has been forwarded to the Attorney General. In this case, it is only the Attorney General who can discontinue the proceedings.
After the police investigation finishes, the case is forwarded to the Attorney General to decide whether to proceed with prosecution. You will be notified of his/her final decision.
You do not have a specific opportunity to intervene as to whether your case will reach the court.
If you are a foreigner, you have the right to interpretation free of charge, if you do not speak Greek.
As a foreign victim of human trafficking and exploitation, you have the right to:
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