Minor offences, such as speeding, driving while using a mobile phone (cellphone), or illegal parking, are usually dealt with by a “fixed penalty notice”, which gives you a fixed time to pay a fine by post. Only if you do not pay the fine will the case go to court. Sometimes you will be given a notice on the occasion of the offence, and sometimes one will be sent to your address.
Some fixed penalty offences, however, involve “penalty points” being put on your driving licence, and if you get a total of twelve penalty points in a period of three years, you will be banned from driving in Ireland. If you pay the fixed penalty notice, you will get fewer points than if the case goes to Court and you are convicted. The European Union is presently working on a project to harmonise all of the driving licence records of the Member States.
Traffic offences are almost always dealt with by the ordinary Gardaí. You should be aware that, in Ireland, drivers are obliged by law to carry their driving licences with them, and must produce the licence on demand by a Garda.
If you live in Ireland, being a national of another Member State, you will be dealt with in the same way throughout the process as an Irish National.
If your case goes to Court, it will be heard in the local District Court (the lowest court) by a judge without a jury. If you are not satisfied with the result, you can appeal the decision, whether conviction or penalty, to a higher court (see Factsheet 4).
All traffic convictions are recorded on the Garda computer record. Very minor cases, such as speeding, are not generally regarded as criminal convictions. If however you are charged with a more serious charge, such as dangerous driving, drink driving, or driving without insurance, convictions will become part of your criminal record. Such offences will be dealt with in accordance with the procedure set out in Factsheet 4. If you are charged with such an offence, you should seek legal advice urgently.
The most common minor offences are speeding and driving while using a cellphone. Various other offences, such as driving in a bus lane, can be dealt with by a “fixed penalty notice”, but do not attract penalty points. Driving without reasonable consideration for other road users, which involves careless driving, will attract a fine and penalty points.
You will only go to court if you do not pay the fixed penalty notice. As above, it will be dealt with in the District Court. You can always appeal an order of the District Court, as above.
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