This section provides you with an overview of the Latvian central computerised land register and the Latvian cadastral information system.
There are two registers in Latvia:
Real estate is registered in land registers and the related property rights are recorded there. Land registers are accessible to the public and entries in the register are official. Land registers are managed by the land register divisions of the district or city courts (rajona tiesa or pilsētas tiesa).
The central computerised land register is an electronic data base which stores land registers, record books and alphabetic indexes permanently without amendment, and enables these data to be displayed on a computer screen and printed from a computer.
The central computerised land register focuses on the legal and factual circumstances of real estate and contains information on general issues, including:
Land registers consist of portfolios divided into four parts.
The first part is used to register information on:
The second part is used to register information on:
The third part is used to register information on:
The fourth part is used to register information on:
The search function for registered real estate is free. However, there is a charge of EUR 4.27 for viewing a portfolio.
The monthly contractual subscription charge is EUR 49.80, and to view a portfolio the charge is EUR 2.85.
You can search for information on registered real estate in the central computerised land register by:
Information on real estate is available from the Court Administration which maintains the central computerised land register, from the land register divisions of district and city courts, and on the internet.
The national authorities and officials to whom the Court Administration provides information from the computerised record books, real estate cases and the index of persons are stipulated by Cabinet Regulation.
This is a significant period in the operational development of the land register, following the concerted move to computerised land registers and the creation of the Latvian central computerised land register. A gradual, targeted transition to a modern electronic land register has been taking place, from the acquisition of the first computers, which were used as typewriters, to the creation of the real estate registration system, the conversion of all land register information from paper to electronic format, and the unification of the data bases of all 27 district or city court land register divisions into a single national land register data base, which is the only data base holding legally recognised information.
1998 was a significant year in the computerisation process, with amendments being made to the Land Register Law, supplementing it with a new chapter on the computerised land register. Following these changes a substantial amount of work was needed until, in the first half of 2001, all divisions had gradually been incorporated into the central computerised land register. Parallel to the introduction of the land register registration system, work was undertaken to develop dissemination and improve the website.
The computerised register is maintained with the objective of storing all land register data in a single central data base. Only data contained in this unified data base have legal force and only land register division staff have access to these data. The principles by which land registers are organised have remained unaltered during computerisation – territorial jurisdiction has been retained and, as before, land register divisions accept requests to enter records and adopt decisions on the registration of property and on the recording of related property rights in the land register.
5 July 2001 is regarded as the launch date of the computerised land register. It was on this day that the central computerised register entered into operation and the website http://www.zemesgramata.lv/ was made available to the general public. The website gives access to information on land register division statistics, news and publications relating to the land register, the addresses and opening hours of land register divisions, fees, the documents required when visiting a land register division and most importantly of all, information on each property entered in the land register, its owner, encumbrances and mortgages.
The Court Administration has been fully responsible for the organisational and technical maintenance of the central computerised land register since 1 April 2004.
By 1 December 2012 the number of real estate portfolios opened in land registers was 1.2 million. Each month an average of 145 000 portfolios are consulted in the central computerised land register.
The Latvian cadastral information system is a unified real estate accounting system that provides, maintains and applies official up-to-date textual and spatial data on real estate located in the Republic of Latvia, units of land, structures, groups of premises and sections of land units making up this real estate, and also its owners, legal holders and users.
It is maintained by the State Land Service (Valsts zemes dienests).
Property in Latvia is composed of the following four types:
As a category of real estate land covers real estate in the broadest sense of the word, i.e. land together with the structures belonging to the owner, as well as property consisting only of undeveloped land. Property in the form of a structure is real estate incorporating only a structure situated on land belonging to a different owner. Property in the form of an apartment in a building consisting of a number of dwellings belonging to several owners is the property of each owner individually, together with a notional part of the respective common property.
Cadastral information consists of:
Cadastral data is used for the following purposes:
The State Land Service data publication portal provides access free of charge to information such as the cadastral number of a property; the cadastral description of a land unit, structure or group of premises; the address of a land unit, structure or group of premises; the property title; the land register portfolio number (where property rights have been recorded in the land register); or a visual representation of the location of a land unit or structure using a symbol on a satellite map (M 1:50 000).
The charge for viewing more detailed cadastral information (without a subscription) is EUR 2.85 for each property viewed, including its cadastral components.
The information on the portal is also available to authorised users who have signed a subscription contract. Information on setting up a contract with the State Land Service is available here.
The cadastral information system can be used to find property, land units, structures and groups of premises. Further information on using the search function is available here.
The modern-day cadastral information system dates back to 1992. Its launch coincided with the land reform, which was an essential part of Latvia's return to independence and transition to a market economy. The rights of individuals to own land were officially renewed in 1993.
The content of the Latvian cadastral information system has gradually increased. In the first four years of its re-establishment in the early 1990s only land units, land holdings and land use were registered. In 1996 data on structures also began to be registered and from 2000 the full-scale registration of apartments began.
In its first eight years of operation the cadastral information system was devoted mainly to gathering data and the primary registration of this data. Since 2001 the main priority has been to keep information up to date and to ensure its quality.
100 % of national territory is registered in the cadastral information system and registrations are managed in digital format.
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