Business registers in EU countries

In Europe, business registers offer a range of services, which may vary from one Member State to another.

However, the core services provided by all registers are to register, examine and store company information, such as information on a company's legal form, its seat, capital and legal representatives, and to make this information available to the public.

To obtain detailed information on registers in Member States as well as Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway please select one of the flags listed on the right hand side.

Last update: 24/01/2019

This page is maintained by the European Commission. The information on this page does not necessarily reflect the official position of the European Commission. The Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice with regard to copyright rules for European pages.

Business registers in Member States - International

The Business Register information is also available for the European Economic Area countries that are not EU Member States.

Norway

Iceland

Liechtenstein




Norway

The Brønnøysund Register Centre is a government body under Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries. The Register of Business Enterprise is one of the 14 national registers managed by the Brønnøysund Register Centre.

The business register is responsible for registering all Norwegian and foreign business enterprises in Norway. The register shall ensure legal protection and financial overview, and it is an important source for anyone who needs accurate information about the participants in Norwegian industry.

What does the Norwegian business register offer?

The Norwegian Register of Business Enterprises provides information on registered businesses. At the Brønnøysund Register Centre website you can access key information through our search engine. Information from the business register can be found in announcements, and you can order additional information and transcripts from the web shop and through European Business Register (EBR).

Key information:

  • Company organisation number
  • Company name, business address and other addresses
  • Company formation date
  • Company articles of associations and type of activity
  • Roles in the company
  • Bankruptcy information

Announcements:

The business register announces all major events for a company. It announces when a new company is registered, when important changes in a company have been registered, and the dissolution or striking off of a company. In the searchable database for announcements data is stored from November 1st 1999 and onwards. The Link opens in new windowEnglish-language version of announcements is available from August 2006.

Additional information that can be ordered for a fee is transcripts and certificates such as:

  • Certificate of registration
  • Annual accounts

Is access to the business register free of charge?

All key information that is accessible from our search engine and the information from the announcement database is free of charge. Some services as transcripts and certificates are subject to a fee.

How to search the Norwegian business register?

Basic information about the business enterprises registered in the business register is available at the Brønnøysund Register Centre Link opens in new windowweb site Searches can be done either on company name or organization number in the Link opens in new windowAnnouncements database.

To which extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

Third parties can rely on the information in the Register of business Enterprises being the legally valid information about a company. The information registered is considered to have come to the attention of third parties. This applies both to the information itself and to the documents that are the grounds for registration. In practice this means that a third party should check the registered information about a company before doing business with it.

The rules regarding to which extent a third party can rely on information registered in the Register of Business Enterprises in Norway can be found in the Business Enterprises Registration Act section 10-1. A quick summary of the rules is that information registered is considered to have come to the attention of third parties.

A more detailed explanation is that for cases where a rule of law determines the legal position of a third party as to whether they were aware or not aware of a particular matter, the information registered in the Register of Business Enterprises is considered to have come to the attention of the third party.

For matters where notification of registration should have been sent to register (but has not been sent), and these matters are in contradiction to the information registered, then these matters cannot be brought to bear against a third party. An exception to this rule is the situation were the third party was aware of or should have been aware of the matter. In this situation the third party cannot justifiably claim that they could rely on the registered information.

History of the Norwegian business register

The Norwegian Register of Business Enterprises was established in 1988 and has carried on the functions of the nearly 100 former local trade registers.

Related links

Link opens in new windowThe Business Enterprises Registration Act in Norwegian

 



Iceland

What does the Icelandic business register offer?

The Register of Enterprises is a division within the Directorate of Internal Revenue since 2003 and operates a public file containing information about following entities:

  1. individuals, companies and other entities engaged in business
  2. institutions and state-owned companies
  3. institutions and companies owned by municipalities
  4. associations, organisations and entities, other than individuals, responsible for asset management or carry any tax obligations
  5. other activities the Internal Revenue/Register of Enterprises sees any reason to register in official file.

The register shall contain the following information about above-mentioned entities as applicable:

  1. Name
  2. Identification number, address
  3. Legal form
  4. The date of establishment
  5. Name, address and identification number of the executives
  6. Activity code (ISAT-nr.)
  7. Liquidation
  8. Other items which according to laws is necessary to register.

Upon registration the Register issues a unique identification number for the entity.

The Register of Enterprises provides public bodies, companies and individuals information from the register according to regulation set by the Minister regarding the scope of information and fees.

Is access to the business register free of charge?

Information about the name, address, legal form, ISAT code and VAT number are publicly available on the website of The Internal Revenue/Register of Enterprises free of charge.

Further information must be paid for and hopefully will be available from our web-store in the year 2016.

How to search the business register in Iceland?

On the web site of the Link opens in new windowDirectorate of Internal Revenue it is possible to search for information which is free of charge. Unfortunately it is only in Icelandic yet. For further information it is necessary to contact the office by phone or e-mail until the web store opens next year.

History of the Icelandic business registers.

Until 1980 companies were registered with the local commissioners throughout Iceland. In 1980 a special register for limited companies was set up but Statistics Iceland issued identification numbers for these companies. From 1997 all business companies other than unlimited partnerships were registered at The Register of Enterprises and from 2014 registration of partnerships is also takes place there so now we have only one official business register in Iceland, The Register of Enterprises.

 



Liechtenstein

A business register (Handelsregister) is held for the entire country of Liechtenstein. The business register is maintained by the Department of Justice (Amt für Justiz) in Vaduz.

The business register is a public register and is presumed to be accurate. Its principal objective is to ensure the legal certainty of commerce by disclosing legal relationships governed by private law, in particular the situations of natural and legal persons engaging in business when it comes to liability and authority to act.

What does the business register offer?

The business register contains information about all registered legal entities with their registered office in the Principality of Liechtenstein and about Liechtenstein trusts (Treuhänderschaften). The information covers facts and relationships some of which must be entered in the register by law and some of which are entered voluntarily, along with the relevant supporting documents.

Documents in respect of unregistered trusts are also lodged with the business register, as are data related to foundations (Stiftungen) that are not registered.

Is access to the business registers free of charge?

Access to the business register is subject to the payment of a fee.

Partial information on any of the legal entities registered in the business register and other legal information can be found free of charge in the register's business index (Firmenindex) via the link Link opens in new windowhttp://www.oera.li/hrweb/ger/firmensuche_afj.htm, and a certified full statement can be ordered for a fee via the same link.

How to search the business register in Liechtestein?

The business register, including notifications and supporting documents, is public.

The business index (Firmenindex) can be used to search for a registered legal entity using its name or commercial name or its register number.

To which extent can the information in the registers be relied upon?

Article 3a of Directive 2009/101/EC, as amended by Directive 2012/17/EU, requires Member States to give information explaining the provisions of national law according to which third parties can rely on the company documents and particulars referred to in Article 2. The Decision of the EEA Joint Committee of 8 October 2013 states that Directive 2012/17/EU is to be incorporated into the EEA Agreement.

Except where the legislation provides that only partial publication or publication of extracts is required, entries in the business register are published by the Department of Justice in the official gazette in full and without delay (Article 956(1) of the Persons and Companies Act (Personen- und Gesellschaftsrecht, PGR)). The official publication of the Principality of Liechtenstein is the electronic official gazette (Amtsblatt) (Article 16 of the Publication Act (Kundmachungsgesetz).

Entries, amendments and deletions in the business register may be relied upon by any person acting in good faith. The content of the entry, amendment or deletion may be relied upon against the party registered provided it was submitted at that party’s wish (Article 948(1) and (2) PGR).

With regard to third parties, an entry in the business register is effective on the day after the day on which the entry is published, always provided that there is a legal requirement for publication (Article 947(2) PGR).

Under Article 949 PGR, entry in the business register has the effect of disclosure, and once registration has taken effect with respect to third parties a person is no longer entitled to object that they were unaware of the entry. However, if there was a requirement that a particular fact must be registered, and that fact was not registered, it can be relied upon against a third party only if it can be proven that the third party was aware of it.

History of the business register

The data in the Liechtenstein business register were originally recorded on index cards. All the current data, as well as a large proportion of the historical data, are now available electronically.

Additional information

Entries in the business register are published in the legally required format in the electronic gazette, and may be relied upon by third parties only with effect from the day after the day on which they are published. In the event of any discrepancy between the entry in the register and the information published, the entry in the register takes precedence.

Publication and effect of entries in the business register

Public naturs of the busines register

The business register, including notifications and supporting documents, is public. Entries can be accessed by anyone. Documents in the register concerning public limited companies (Aktiengesellschaften), limited partnerships (Kommanditaktiengesellschaften) and private limited companies (Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung) can be accessed without restriction; for bodies with other legal forms, the inquirer must prove a legitimate interest (Article 953 PGR).

Publication of entries

Except where the legislation provides that only partial publication or publication of extracts is required, entries in the business register are published by the Department of Justice in the official gazette in full and without delay. All documents and particulars that must by law be lodged and published are published in the same way (Article 956 et seq. PGR). The information published can be relied upon directly against anyone from the end of the day on which it is published.

Notices concerning public limited companies (Aktiengesellschaften), limited partnerships (Kommanditaktiengesellschaften) and private limited companies (Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung) take the form of a reference published in the official gazette to the entry and to the supporting documents and particulars. The same applies in the case of any legal person carrying on a trade in a commercial fashion. In other cases notices take the form of a reference to the entry in the register (Article 957 PGR).

Effectiveness of entries in dealings with third parties

With regard to third parties, an entry in the business register is effective on the day after the day on which the entry was published, always provided there is a legal requirement for publication (Article 947(2) PGR).

In the case of public limited companies (Aktiengesellschaften), limited partnerships (Kommanditaktiengesellschaften) and private limited companies (Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung) a fact that has been registered and published cannot be relied upon against a third party if it relates to a legal transaction that is carried out within fifteen days after the date on which the entry becomes effective and the third party can prove that they were not aware of it and could not have been expected to be aware of it (Article 949(1a) PGR).

Once registration has taken effect with respect to third parties, a person is no longer entitled to object that they were unaware of the entry (Article 949(1) PGR).

Entries in the business register constitute full evidence of the facts they attest unless it is shown that they are incorrect (Article 949(3) PGR).

Discrepencies between entry as submitted and as published

If there is a discrepancy between the entry in the register and the information published, the entry in the register takes precedence, and then the information published, and finally the content of the supporting documents. In the event of a discrepancy between an entry in the register and the information published, third parties acting in good faith can also rely on the information published against the party for whom the entry was made (Article 959(2) and (3) PGR).

Related links

Link opens in new windowPersons and Companies Act (Personen- und Gesellschaftsrecht, PGR) of 20 January 1926 (published LGBl. 1926 No 4)

Link opens in new windowPublication Act (Kundmachungsgesetz) of 17 April 1985 (published LGBl. 1985 No 41)

Link opens in new windowOfficial Gazette Regulation (Amtsblattverordnung ) of 4 September 2012 (published LGBl. 2012 No 284)

Last update: 20/05/2019

This page is maintained by the European Commission. The information on this page does not necessarily reflect the official position of the European Commission. The Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice with regard to copyright rules for European pages.

Business registers in Member States - Belgium

This section gives an overview of the Belgian business register.

What does the Belgian business register offer?

The Belgian business register, the Business Hub Database (French Banque-Carrefour des Entreprises (BCE), Dutch Kruispunktbank van Ondernemingen (KBO)), is managed by an office in the Link opens in new windowFederal Department of the Economy. The register was created in order to simplify administration and provide a way of identifying businesses unambiguously. The database covers all enterprises, and the law requires all enterprises to register. It also lists businesses’ establishments (or ‘establishment units’): these are the addresses where - or from where - the business conducts its operations. The database also provides links to other databases. It covers not just businesses but other legal persons too. Sole traders, public bodies, and in some cases foreign businesses, are all included.

Is it free of charge to access the Belgian business register?

Everyone can consult the public data concerning businesses free of charge, using the online ‘Public Search’ function.

This search engine makes it possible to search for businesses or establishments using various search criteria. An ‘Open Data’ file is also available free of charge: this can be reused by any interested person provided they register. The ‘Public Search’ function makes it possible to include a large part of the public data in the user’s own applications. However, this latter service is provided for a fee.

How can I search the Belgian business register?

The ‘Public Search’ function allows you to search data on all businesses, whether they are currently active or whether they have ceased trading, and whether they are legal persons or sole traders, and on their establishments.

What data can be found?

At the level of the enterprise:

  1. enterprise registration number
  2. status
  3. legal situation
  4. start date
  5. name
  6. address of head office
  7. telephone number
  8. fax
  9. email‑
  10. website
  11. legal form of the enterprise
  12. number of establishments
  13. officers
  14. professional skills and basic management knowledge for which evidence has been supplied
  15. qualities
  16. authorisations
  17. activities for purposes of VAT and social security
  18. financial information
  19. links with other businesses
  20. External links (official gazette (Moniteur belge/Belgisch Staatsblad)), 
    central bank (Banque nationale de Belgique/Nationale Bank van België),
    and the register of employers kept by the social security office (ONSS/RSZ)

At the level of the individual establishment:

  1. enterprise registration number
  2. status
  3. number of establishment
  4. start date
  5. name of establishment
  6. address
  7. telephone number
  8. fax
  9. email
  10. website
  11. authorisations
  12. Activities for social security purposes and commercial and non-commercial activities

How reliable is the data in the register?

Companies are required to disclose certain information and documents. The purpose is particularly to ensure that these things can be relied upon in dealings with third parties. In Belgium, such information has to be published in the official gazette; annual accounts have to be published via the Central Balance Sheet Office (Centrale des bilans/Balanscentrale) at the central bank. Article 76 of the Companies Code sets out the rules governing when documents and information can be relied upon after disclosure.

Article 76 of the Companies Code stipulates that documents and information that have to be disclosed have effects vis-à-vis third parties only from the date on which they are published in extract form or reported in the annexes to the official gazette, unless the company can demonstrate that these third parties were aware of them earlier.

Third parties may nevertheless rely upon documents that have not been published.

Where a transaction takes place before the 16th day following the date of publication, it has no effect vis-à-vis third parties who can demonstrate that they had no way of knowing about it.

In the event of a discrepancy between the text that was filed and the text that was published in the annexes to the official gazette, the text published cannot be relied upon against third parties. However, third parties themselves may invoke it, unless the company can demonstrate that they were in fact aware of the text that was filed.

In the event of a discrepancy between documents that must be filed in an official language of the country and translations into one or more official languages of the European Union that are filed voluntarily, the translations published voluntarily cannot be relied upon against third parties. But third parties may rely upon such voluntarily published translations, unless the company can show that they were aware of the version referred to in Article 67(1)(2) of the Companies Code, which refers to certified copies of authentic documents, duplicates or originals of private deeds, and statements that must be filed, in electronic form or not, with the registry of the commercial court.

The information regarding enterprises that is accessible via the ‘Public Search’ function includes direct links to the notice published in the official gazette and to the central bank’s Central Balance Sheet Office.

How to search

This link will take you to the Link opens in new windowPublic Search function:

There are four different search options, separated by tabs:

  • search by number (if you know the enterprise registration number or the number of the establishment)
  • search by name
  • search by address
  • search by activity

The internet site is available in four languages: English, Dutch, French and German.

You will find general information on the Business Hub Database through the website of the Link opens in new windowFederal Department of the Economy (in the section ‘Enterprises & Self-Employed’ (Entreprises & Indépendants/Ondernemingen & Zelfstandigen), under the heading Banque-Carrefour des Entreprises/Kruispuntbank van Ondernemingen.

Related links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register ; Link opens in new windowFederal Department of Justice; Link opens in new windowFederal Department of the Economy, SMEs, the Self-Employed and Energy

Last update: 18/01/2017

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.
Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Bulgaria

This section provides an overview of Bulgaria's business registers and the Bulstat register. Bulgaria guarantees that these registers comply with the principles of publicity, transparency and security of information.

What does the Bulgarian business register provide?

Link opens in new windowThe Bulgarian business register is administered by the Registry Agency attached to the Ministry of Justice. Traders and branches of foreign traders are entered in the register, along with the particulars on them that are required by law to be entered. The business register makes public the decisions and documents relating to traders and foreign traders' branches that are required by law to be kept available for public inspection.

The business register is an electronic database containing the particulars that are required by law to be registered and the documents that are required by law to be kept available for public inspection relating to traders and foreign traders' branches. Files on traders and foreign traders' branches are kept in electronic form. The files contain applications, documents substantiating the particulars registered, statements and other documents, which may also contain personal data identifying individuals representing or managing the entity concerned.

Is access to the Bulgarian business register free of charge?

The business register is in the public domain. Access to the business register database is open to everyone free of charge. In accordance with an amendment to the Business Register Act (ZTR) dated 1 January 2013, access to the files on traders entered in the business register must be recorded. This means that the scanned documents stored in the 'file' on a particular trader are accessed on the basis of either an electronic signature or a certificate issued by the Agency. The certificate is issued by the Agency free of charge.

How to search the Bulgarian business register.

The business register is accessible 24 hours a day at Link opens in new windowhttp://www.brra.bg/Default.ra.

Anyone may search the business register for a given particular or declaration.

On the business register portal, searches can be conducted using the following criteria:

  • name or Unique Identification Code (UIC) of trader or foreign trader's branch;
  • names or ID number, or business name or UIC of partner or sole owner of capital;
  • names or ID number, or business name or UIC of member of bodies of legal entity – trader;
  • the file of a trader, branch of a foreign trader and its officers and legal successors may be searched by any registered particular or declaration.

A pay service is also available enabling users to search the entire database according to their own specific criteria. The subscription for this service is BGN 30 000 per year (as per schedule of State fees collected by the Registration Agency); for public authorities full database access is free of charge.

Certificates can be issued both over the counter at the Registration Agency and electronically (fees are collected in accordance with the above schedule).

Copies of documents kept in the register may be issued, either over the counter or electronically (fees are collected in accordance with the above schedule).

To what extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

Bulgaria has adopted the principles set out in relevant EU legislation governing the validity of entry or deletion of particulars and publication of documents relating to traders. The specific arrangements at national level are laid down in the Business Register Act.

Under that Act, a particular entered in the register is deemed, as from time of entry, to have become known to third parties acting in good faith. Until 15 days have expired after an entry has been made, it may not be relied on against third parties who prove that it was impossible for them to have been aware of it. Third parties may cite a particular that is to be registered even though the entry has not yet been made, unless the law specifically provides that it becomes effective only after entry. Once deleted, an entry is ineffective. Documents in the register are deemed to have become known to third parties from the date they are posted.

Third parties acting in good faith may cite an entry or posting, even if the particular entered or the act or document posted does not exist. In relation to third parties acting in good faith, particulars not entered in the register are deemed to be non-existent.

History of the Bulgarian business register

A reform of the register began on 1 January 2008 when the Business Register Act entered into force. As a result:

  1. Responsibility for keeping the business records concerned passed from the courts to a central government administrative body: the Registry Agency.
  2. All provincial court registers were consolidated in a single, centralised electronic database containing the particulars required to be registered and documents required to be kept available for public inspection, as well as all documents submitted, decisions not to register, and company files. As a result, all traders had to re-register by 31 December 2011.
  3. The principle of publicity of information is of fundamental importance in the registration procedure. The Registry Agency is required by law to ensure open access free of charge to the applications and attached documents contained in the business register's computer system.
  4. The registration procedure is carried out using various kinds of application forms. The type of application depends on the type of trader or particulars at the time of registration.

How to submit applications to the business register

Applications may be submitted either over the counter at any Registry Agency office or electronically via the Agency's portal Link opens in new windowhttp://www.brra.bg/Default.ra.

Hard-copy applications may be lodged at any local office of the Registry Agency, irrespective of where the trader is based. Once accepted by the Agency's offices, hard-copy applications are scanned and stored as attachments in the business register's computer system. Documents attached as annexes to applications must be originals or copies certified by the applicant or by a notary public.

Electronic applications may be submitted at any time via the business register portal.

How are submitted applications reviewed?

Each item received for entry in the business register computer system (application, court decision, request for correction of an error, request for appointment of experts, verifiers, controllers, etc.) is given a unique reference number in the format 'yyyymmddhhmmss” (year, month, day, hour, minute, second). Once an application, court decision or request has received its unique reference number, it is then randomly allocated by the computer system to a registration official for examination. Applications for entry or deletion or for the posting of documents under Article 14 are automatically allocated, in order of receipt, as soon as a registration official has electronically signed off the previously allocated application and is accordingly recognised by the computer system as being available.

Following amendments to the Business Register Act providing for a ruling to be issued within the deadline laid down in Article 19(2), the computer system has a function enabling applications to be examined in the order referred to above by the end of the three-day time limit. The various outcomes may be as follows:

  • instructions electronically signed by the registration official on completion of examination and posted immediately in the trader's account - to be implemented within the time limit provided for in Article 19(2) ZTR;
  • a refusal, electronically signed by the registration official on completion of examination and posted immediately in the trader's account;
  • a registration order, electronically signed by the registration official upon completion of examination, which up to expiry of the time limit provided for in Article 19(2) ZTR is displayed in the trader's account as having the status ‘awaiting three-day time limit'. After expiry of the statutory period, the computer system automatically makes the entry and generates the entry number in the format specified above. The year, month and day are those of automatic publication by the computer system, while the hour, minute and second record the time at which registration was ordered by the registration official the previous day.

What does the BULSTAT register provide?

The Link opens in new windowBULSTAT register contains information on:

  1. legal persons who are not traders;
  2. branches of foreign entities which are not traders;
  3. agencies of foreign entities under Article 24 of the Investment Promotion Act;
  4. foreign legal persons engaged in business activity in Bulgaria and having a permanent establishment there;
  5. foreign legal persons whose effective place of management is in Bulgaria;
  6. foreign legal persons owning real estate in Bulgaria;
  7. organisational units under the Obligations and Contracts Act, including craft undertakings and insurance associations under Article 8 of the Social Security Code;
  8. entities which are social insurance contributors and are not natural persons;
  9. branches and divisions of entities under points 1 and 8 and divisions of traders entered in the business register;
  10. natural persons exercising a liberal profession or working as tradespersons;
  11. foreign citizens who do not have a Bulgarian personal identity number or a foreign resident identity number and who:
  • provide independent personal services in Bulgaria, including through a permanent establishment, base or facility;
  • acquire real estate;
  • are social insurance contributors;
  1. other natural persons — social insurance contributors;
  2. foreign persons/entities subject to special registration under tax law, including where exempt from tax under an international agreement which has entered into force and to which the Republic of Bulgaria is a party;

Is access to the BULSTAT register free of charge?

The Link opens in new windowBULSTAT register is not free of charge. To access the data, you must be registered and pay a fee. The minimum fee is BGN 10.

History of the BULSTAT register

In accordance with a decision of the National Assembly of 8 June 1995, the task of setting up, maintaining and developing the BULSTAT register was assigned to the National Statistical Institute (NSI). The unified State register of business entities, 'BULSTAT', became operational in the Republic of Bulgaria on 1 January 1996. On 17 June that year, the National Assembly adopted the Statistics Act. This Act stipulated the method for the setting-up, functioning and use of the BULSTAT unified register for the identification of operators engaged in business activities on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria. The BULSTAT register developed into one of the country's main administrative registers, and in 2000 its data were made available via Link opens in new windowthe register's website:.

On 11 August 2005, management of the BULSTAT register was transferred to the Registration Agency. As from 1 August 2008, under the Business Register Act then in force, traders and branches of foreign traders entered in the business and cooperatives registers at the provincial courts were obliged to re-register at the Registry Agency by 31 December 2011.

How to submit applications to the BULSTAT register

Depending on their status, entities wishing to register with BULSTAT must provide:

1. a copy of a decision or other document as follows:

(a) legal persons: founding document and document specifying the natural person(s) managing and/or representing the entity;

(b) agencies of foreign entities under Article 24 of the Investment Promotion Act: document certifying registration with the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI);

(c) foreign legal persons: a document attesting to the conduct of business activities in Bulgaria; a legalised document attesting to the origin of foreign legal persons in the country concerned;

(d) organisational units without legal personality under the Obligations and Contracts Act and insurance funds under Article 8 of the Social Security Code: company contract and certificate of registration with the National Revenue Agency;

(e) branches and divisions: document certifying their establishment and specifying the person(s) managing and/or representing them;

(f) entities other than those referred to under (a) to (e) that are social insurance contributors: documents proving identity and/or that a specific activity is being carried out, where required by law.

2. application on standard form approved by the Executive Director of the Registry Agency;

3. identification cards, when registering closure/deletion or a change of circumstances;

4. a document proving payment of a State fee under the schedule approved by the Council of Ministers;

5. a registration questionnaire and/or registration check regarding entities entered in the special register.

Once the documents have been submitted, the entry is made without delay.

The online check comprises the following information:

  • Unique identification number
  • Entity name
  • Activity
  • Document on establishment/change/winding-up
  • Registered office/administrative address
  • Telecommunications details
  • Managerial/representative staff
  • Collective management body
  • Composition of collective management body: representing/represented by
  • Object of business activity
  • Partners/owners
  • Ownership breakdown
Last update: 30/08/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.
Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Czech Republic

In this section you will find an overview of the public register in the Czech Republic. The Register of Associations, Commercial Register, Foundation Register, Register of Institutions, Community Register of Unit Owner Associations and Register of Public Benefit Associations form part of the public register.

What information does the Czech public register offer?

The public register records statutory information concerning legal persons governed by private law. General rules governing public registers are set out in Section 120 of Act No 89/2012, the Civil Code. More detailed rules governing the public register kept by the courts are set out in Act No 304/2013 on public registers of legal and natural persons. Part of the public register is a document registry (where statutory documents are stored, e.g. articles of association, statutes, financial statements, etc.).

The public register is kept by the commercial court. The public register is administered by the Ministry of Justice.

The following entities are entered in the public register:

  • Associations
  • Trade unions
  • International trade unions
  • Employers’ organisations
  • International employers’ organisations
  • Branch associations
  • Branch trade union organisations
  • Branch international trade union organisations
  • Branch employers’organisations
  • Branch international employers’ organisations
  • Sole traders – entered in the commercial register
  • Public trading companies (partnerships)
  • Limited partnerships
  • Limited liability companies
  • Joint stock companies
  • Cooperatives
  • State enterprises
  • Spin-off enterprises
  • Public benefit associations
  • Foundations
  • Endowments
  • Institutes
  • State-funded organisations
  • Associations of unit owners
  • European Economic Interest Groupings
  • Establishments owned by foreign persons
  • European Cooperative Societies
  • European companies

The information entered in the public register is set out in Act No 304/2013 on public registers of legal and natural persons. The basic information to be entered is principally: name or business name, registered office, activity or business, legal form, identification number, name and address or business name and registered office of the person who is the statutory body.

Is access to the Czech public register free of charge?

The public register is kept in electronic format. It is available to the public free of charge via the web portal Link opens in new windowhttps://www.justice.cz/ and/or directly on the public register search page Link opens in new windowhttps://or.justice.cz/ias/ui/rejstrik. The public register is accessible to all. Anyone may consult it and make copies or take extracts from it.

How to search the Czech public register

The Czech public register has an advanced online information search application. The register can be searched by entity name or by identification number.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

Disclosure of the documents

The commercial court posts public register entries, amendments and deletions, and the deposition of documents, including those in electronic format, as soon as possible after entry. Data entered in the public register and documents deposited in the document registry are posted in a manner permitting remote access. The commercial court posts the data in question and makes it possible to obtain an officially certified electronic copy. This document is signed electronically using a qualified system certificate from the relevant commercial court and is available free of charge on the Ministry of Justice website: Link opens in new windowMinisterstva spravedlnosti ČR. On request, the commercial court issues a certified true partial or full copy of the entry or of the documents deposited in the document registry or a certificate confirming that an item of data is not in the public register, unless the applicant specifically requests a non-certified copy. The commercial court issues only hard copies of particulars entered in the public register and documents deposited in the document registry before 1 January 1997, unless records of these facts or documents are already kept in electronic form.

Reliance on documents and data

The person to whom an entry relates does not have the right to object that the entry does not correspond to reality against a person acting legally and in good faith on the basis of the entry.

A registered person may object to data and document content required to be published by law, in respect of third parties only from the date of original publication, unless it can be shown that it was previously known to the third party. However, the registered person may not rely on such data and document content in the case of actions conducted before the sixteenth day following publication, if the third party demonstrates that it could not have known.

Third parties may always rely on unpublished data and document content unless non-publication renders them null and void.

Non-compliance of registered information

If the content of the entry in the public register is contrary to a mandatory provision of the Act and if there is no other possibility of obtaining redress, the commercial court invites the registered person to obtain redress. In the case of a legal person, where redress is not obtained within the prescribed period the court may of its own motion issue a decision to liquidate, if such an action is in the interests of protecting third parties.

If there is a discrepancy between the wording of an entry in the public register in Czech and a foreign language or of documents stored in the registry in Czech and a voluntarily deposited translation of those documents into a foreign language under Section 74(1) of the Act on public registers of legal and natural persons, the wording of the document published or deposited in the registry in a foreign language may not be relied upon in respect of third parties. A third party may rely on the wording of a document published or deposited in the registry in a foreign language, unless the registered person proves that the third party was aware of the wording of the content of the entry or document deposited in Czech.

Last update: 13/05/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Lūdzu, ņemiet vērā, ka šai lapai nesen tika atjaunināta oriģinālvalodas dāņu versija. Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.

Business registers in Member States - Denmark

This section presents an overview of Denmark’s business register

The Danish Business Authority [Erhvervsstyrelsen]

History of the Danish Business Register

The Danish Business Authority was established on 1 January 2012.

The Danish Business Authority has approximately 700 employees. The Danish Business Authority’s tasks were previously performed by the Commerce and Companies Agency [Erhvervs- og Selvskabsstyrelsen], the Enterprise and Construction Authority [Erhvervs- og Byggestyrelsen], and the IT and Telecom Agency [IT- og Telestyrelsen].

The Danish Business Authority is part of the Danish Ministry of Business and Growth [Erhvervs- og Vækstministeriet].

What does the Danish Business Register offer?

On erhvervsstyrelsen.dk, you can find information on all the Authority’s areas of work, including the Danish Business Register CVR.dk.

CVR.dk is the centralised entry point for information and data on all businesses in Denmark. Regardless of the type of business, you can find information on both the business itself (also known as the legal entity) and its production units.

For certain types of business – in particular public limited-liability companies and private limited-liability companies – you can find more information: Accounts, facts and reports on the business and the people who manage it.

Denmark is also a member of the European Business Register (EBR). Non-Danish speakers can go to the Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register (EBR) to search for information on Danish businesses in their own language. The EBR contains information on nearly all countries in Europe.

Is it free of charge to access the Danish Business Register?

It is free of charge to obtain basic information, company reports, full reports, and Central Business Register records [CVR-udskrifter]. You can also buy other company information, such as accounts. The following products are available free of charge to everyone:

Central Business Register records

Information on the private address of a fully liable stockholder, when this address is not the same as the address of the business, is disclosed upon request.

Places of business

‘Places of business’ gives an overview of associated production units with information on the production units’:

  • Name, address and commune in which the registered office is located
  • Type of business
  • Sector in which it operates
  • Number of employees

Company report

The company report contains:

  • The Central Business Register number (or Registration number for Greenlandic companies)
  • The company’s name, address, and commune in which its registered office is located
  • Subsidiary names
  • Information on stock-market listing
  • Signing authority
  • Status
  • Persons involved (founders, management, board) - without addresses
  • Accounting period
  • Date of last published accounts

Full report

The full report contains everything from the company report, plus:

  • Statement of purpose
  • Persons involved (founders, management, board) with addresses
  • Auditing
  • Share capital
  • Date of incorporation
  • Date of last three published accounts
  • Accounting year
  • Historical information

Short list of persons

The paging functionality shows a person’s company affiliations

Expanded list of persons

The expanded paging functionality also shows information on the full list of persons involved in a company.

Data Bank

The Data Bank can provide structured data on the basis of specified criteria.

Information to be used can be ordered through the Data Bank, regardless of whether it is information on a single company or a person’s affiliation to companies, or a list of businesses within a geographical area or a certain industry. You can even produce an extract or a list with your own criteria by visiting the Data Bank. It’s simple and does not take long.

Bulk extracts

Bulk extracts are offered by the Central Business Register. They provide easy access to a Central Business Register extract, where you can get Central Business Register data from a list of Central-Business-Register numbers or Production-unit numbers. It is also possible to produce single extracts.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

Section 14 of the Companies Act transposes Article 3 of the First Company Law Directive into Danish company law, and describes how the records can be relied upon. Section 14 of the Companies Act states:

‘It is considered that information published on the Danish Business Authority’s IT system has come to the knowledge of third parties. Point 1. However this does not apply to transactions carried out within 16 days of being made public, provided it is shown that a third party could not have had knowledge of the circumstances that were made public.

As long as they have not been published on the Danish Business Authority’s IT system, the circumstances that are to be registered and made public cannot be enforced against third parties, unless it is shown that the third parties had knowledge of them. The fact that circumstances of this kind have not yet been made public does not prevent a third party from proceeding on the basis of them.’

Responsibility for the accuracy of the records

The notifier is responsible for the accuracy of the reported information, see Section 8 of the Notification Order [anmeldelsesbekendtgørelsen], and Section 15(2) of the Companies Act. The notifier may be criminally liable if the notification was not lawfully made, or if the reported information is incorrect.

The Danish Business Authority does not verify the accuracy of the reported information, but records the information that is reported to it. This is the case regardless of whether what is at issue is a manual registration or a self-registration conducted on virk.dk.

The Danish Business Authority may be liable for damages for use of reported information or documents that are incorrect due to a management factor, such as a processing error.

Related Links

Link opens in new windowDanish Business Authority

Link opens in new windowCentral Business Register

Link opens in new windowThe Danish Ministry for Business and Growth

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register (EBR)

Last update: 07/11/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Germany

This section of the portal provides an overview of Germany's Company Register (Unternehmensregister).

What does the German Company Register offer?

The German Link opens in new windowCommercial Register (Handelsregister) portal is run by the Ministry of Justice of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia on behalf of the other German federal states (Länder). It provides centralised access to all federal state registers of companies, cooperatives and partnerships and to announcements for the register.

General information can be found in English, French, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Spanish and Turkish on the Link opens in new windowCommercial Register portal; however, the actual information in the register itself is mainly in German.

Additional information on bankruptcies, accounting/financial reports and capital markets can be found on the website of the German Link opens in new windowCompany Register. This platform has been translated into English, French, Italian and Spanish, although the information in the register itself is mainly in German (however, the information on capital markets is partly available in English and other languages). The German Company Register is, moreover, linked to the Commercial Register portal, so it is possible to run a data search in both registers.

Is access to the German Company Register free of charge?

Registration in the German Company Register is free of charge. Searching for individual companies and consulting publications and business owners data are also free of charge. For each retrieval of data linked to a specific registration number (e.g. the current version, chronological print-out, historic print-out or tree structure of documents), there is a charge of EUR 4.50 (print-out) or EUR 1.50 (tree structure of documents).

How to search the German Company Register

Depending on the information available, there are two search functions in the Link opens in new windowCommercial Register portal (Link opens in new windownormal search and Link opens in new windowadvanced search). The Link opens in new windowGerman Company Register website also has a search function.

How reliable are the documents contained in the register?

Article 15 of the Link opens in new windowGerman Commercial Code (Handelsgesetzbuch) lays down the national provisions that third parties may rely on for the documents and particulars listed in Article 2 of Directive 2009/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on coordination of safeguards which, for the protection of the interests of members and third parties, are required by Member States of companies within the meaning of the second paragraph of Article 48 of the Treaty, with a view to making such safeguards equivalent (OJ L 258, 1.10.2009, p. 11), in accordance with Articles 3(5), (6) and (7) of this Directive.

Pursuant to Article 15: The company can only counter a third party on the basis of facts that have previously been listed and announced or those that were known to the third party beforehand (Article 15(1) of the German Commercial Code). A third party must permit such facts to apply that have been correctly listed and announced. This does not apply to legal actions initiated within fifteen days of the announcement, insofar as the third party can prove that the fact was neither known nor had needed to be known (Article 15(2) of the German Commercial Code).

If a fact that needed to be listed was announced incorrectly, a third party may rely on the announced fact with regard to the party on whose behalf the fact had to be listed, unless he or she was aware of the error (Article 15(3) of the German Commercial Code).

History of the German Company Register

All registration information recorded since 2007 is available electronically.

Related links

Link opens in new windowGerman Commercial Register portal

Link opens in new windowAdvanced search

Link opens in new windowNormal search

Link opens in new windowGerman Company Register

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register

Last update: 29/08/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.
Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Estonia

This page provides you with an overview of the Estonian commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations.

What information can be found in the Estonian commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations?

The commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations are maintained by the registration department of Tartu County Court. The registers are maintained at the courts to ensure the independent status and legal expertise of the registrar. They have strong legal force and their aim is to ensure legal certainty. An entry in the commercial register is held as correct with regard to a third party, unless the third party knew or should have known that the entry was not correct. An entry is deemed not to apply with regard to transactions which are concluded within fifteen days after the entry is made if a third party proves that the third party was not aware nor should have been aware of the content of the entry. Thus a third party may, in good faith, trust in the veracity of the entries in the register, for instance presuming, upon entering into a contract, that the person entered in the register as a member of the management board possesses signatory authority for the company in question.

Some legal circumstances are only valid if they are entered in the register: for instance, the signatory authority of a member of a management board may be circumscribed in the articles of association or the contract entered into with the member of the management board, but only the limitations entered in the register apply to third parties.

Certain important circumstances take effect from the moment the register entry is made: for instance, the increasing of a company's share capital takes effect from the moment the increase is entered in the commercial register, and not from the time the decision to increase the share capital is taken or from the time the contributions are made. The same applies to the establishment of a legal entity, the amendment of its articles of association or to its merger, division and transformation.

The registers are maintained electronically.

The registration department of Tartu County Court maintains the commercial register of self-employed persons, companies (public limited companies, private limited companies, general partnerships, limited partnerships, commercial associations, European Companies (Societas Europaea), European Cooperative Societies (Societas Cooperativa Europaea) and European groupings of territorial cooperation) and branches of foreign companies located in Estonia.

The register of non-profit associations and foundations holds information on the non-profit associations and foundations (non-profit associations are also deemed to include apartment associations, building associations and other not-for-profit associations, as well as political parties, trade unions, churches, congregations, associations of congregations, and monasteries) located in Estonia.

The following are opened in the commercial register or the register of non-profit associations and foundations for each self-employed person, legal entity and branch of a foreign company:

  • a registry card;
  • a business file (in the commercial register) or a public file (in the case of non-profit associations and foundations);
  • a registry file.

The business and public files contain documents that a legal entity, a self-employed person or the branch of a foreign company has submitted to the registrar in accordance with law, for instance the articles of incorporation or association and other documents entered in the public record. Court judgments, appeals against rulings, correspondence and other documents that are not kept in the business or public files are kept in the registry file.

The following information is entered on the registry card of a legal entity, a self-employed person or a branch of a foreign company:

  • the business name or name and the registry code;
  • the residence or registered office and the address of the undertaking or company;
  • details concerning the self-employed person, and details concerning the suspension of the person’s operations and the seasonal or temporary nature of the operations;
  • details concerning the persons with powers of representation (board members, general partners, limited partners or third parties with powers of representation, liquidators and trustees in bankruptcy), as well as agreements concerning powers of representation and the authority granted when representing the legal entity;
  • details concerning the procurator;
  • the legal form of the undertaking or the type of company;
  • the date on which the articles of association were approved;
  • the monetary value of the company’s share capital;
  • a notation concerning the foundation of the private limited company without contributions being made;
  • a notation indicating that the shares have been recorded in the Estonian central register of securities;
  • the beginning and end of the financial year;
  • the information on bankruptcy required by law;
  • a notation concerning the merger, division and transformation of the company and concerning its dissolution and de-registration;
  • reference to entries made by the registrar as provided by law and without the undertaking making a request;
  • information on the depositary for documents from a liquidated company;
  • the objectives of the foundation;
  • other information provided by law.

Register matters are reviewed as non-contentious civil cases using written proceedings. Entries are made in the registers on the basis of an application for entry or a court decision or on other bases laid down by law. Applications for entry must either bear a digital signature or be in the form of a notarial document.

Entries in the commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations are public. Everyone has the right to examine registry card data and the documents in business or public files and to obtain copies of them. Registry files may be examined by competent government bodies, courts during proceedings and other persons or entities with a legitimate interest.

The central database of the commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations is maintained by the Centre of Registers and Information Systems. The Centre also offers the following services:

The e-Business Register

The e-Business Register is a service based on the database of the registration department of Tartu County Court that displays real-time data concerning all legal entities, self-employed persons and branches of foreign companies registered in Estonia. The e-Business Register makes it possible to:

  • examine registry card data, general data and data on tax arrears free of charge;
  • search by name, registry code, registered office, field of activities, etc..
  • view, for a fee, annual reports, articles of association and other electronic documents, personal information and commercial pledge data, etc., contained in the business or public files.
  • monitor in real time procedural information concerning companies and changes to their entries;
  • check free of charge any trade bans imposed on Estonian persons or entities;
  • view free of charge the list of members of political parties.
  • view the links between various companies and persons.

Further information about the e-Business Register is available on the Link opens in new windowwebsite of the Centre of Registers and Information Systems.

Company Registration Portal

The Company Registration Portal is an environment that enables persons and entities to submit documents to the registration department of the county court themselves. Applications to register a new company, amend its registry data, liquidate it and delete it from the register can be submitted through the portal. Annual reports can also be drawn up and submitted through the portal. Estonian, Finnish, Portuguese and Belgian citizens can log in to the portal using their ID cards for authentication. Estonian and Lithuanian citizens can log in using the Mobile-ID service. It is also possible to log in to the portal through the internet bank links on the homepage. The Company Registration Portal is located on the Link opens in new windowwebsite of the Centre of Registers and Information Systems.

European Business Register (EBR)

The European Business Register (EBR) is a web-based search system providing official information on European companies. Searches can be made on the Link opens in new windowwebsite.

  • Information is available from the commercial registers of a total of Link opens in new window24 countries.
  • Searches may be made concerning companies and persons.
  • The Link opens in new windowlist of available information varies from country to country.
  • Registry data have a different legal effect in different countries.
  • The search function can be used by both private individuals and companies.
  • A fee is charged for the service.

Is access to the Estonian commercial register free of charge?

Registry data can be accessed Link opens in new windowat the registration department, Link opens in new windowonline and at Link opens in new windownotaries' offices. Access to the data held in the commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations and to file documents is free of charge at the registration department.

No fee is charged online for searches concerning legal entities, self-employed persons and branches of foreign companies, for information about court proceedings or for access to registry card data. However, a fee is charged for all other searches, including historical registry card data and access to annual reports, articles of association and other documents. Where a fee is charged for information, payment is made immediately by internet bank transfer. Subscribers with the right to use the extended search parameters pay on the basis of monthly invoices. The rates charged for using the computer data in the commercial register are laid down in a Link opens in new windowRegulation of the Minister for Justice.

A fee is charged for consulting registry data and file documents at a notary’s office. The fees are set out in the Link opens in new windowNotaries’ Fees Act.

How to search the Estonian commercial register

Searches can be made in the commercial register and the register of non-profit associations and foundations using the e-Business Register on the Link opens in new windowwebsite of the Centre of Registers and Information Systems.

To which extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

This page explains how the use of the data and documents contained in the commercial register is regulated in Estonia.

The registration department of Tartu County Court maintains the commercial register. Self-employed persons, branches of foreign companies, and companies (public limited companies, private limited companies, general partnerships, limited partnerships, commercial associations, European Companies (Societas Europaea), European Cooperative Societies (Societas Cooperativa Europaea) and European groupings of territorial cooperation) are entered in the commercial register. This electronic register has strong legal force, and its aim is to ensure legal certainty. The commercial register is maintained in Estonian.

An entry in the Commercial Register is held as correct with regard to a third party, unless the third party knew or should have known that the entry was not correct. An entry is deemed not to apply with regard to transactions which are concluded within fifteen days after the entry is made if a third party proves that the third party was not aware nor should have been aware of the content of the entry. Thus a third party may, in good faith, trust in the veracity of the entries in the register, for instance presuming, upon entering into a contract, that the person entered in the register as a member of the management board possesses signatory authority for the company in question.

Some legal circumstances are only valid if they are entered in the register: for instance, the signatory authority of a member of a management board may be circumscribed in the articles of association or the contract entered into with the member of the management board, but only the limitations entered in the register apply to third parties.

Certain important circumstances take effect from the moment the register entry is made: for instance, the increasing of a company's share capital takes effect from the moment the increase is entered in the commercial register, and not from the time the decision to increase the share capital is taken or from the time the contributions are made. The same applies to the establishment of a legal entity, the amendment of its articles of association or to its merger, division and transformation.

The following are opened in the commercial register for each self-employed person, legal entity and branch of a foreign company:

  • a registry card;
  • a business file;
  • a registry file.

The business file contains documents that a company, self-employed person or the branch of a foreign company has submitted to the registrar in accordance with the law, for instance the articles of incorporation or association and other documents submitted to the public record. Court judgments, appeals against rulings, correspondence and other documents that are not kept in the business file are kept in the registry file.

Documents in a foreign language shall be submitted to the registrar together with a translation into Estonian certified by a sworn translator or a notary or a translation into Estonian where a notary has certified the authenticity of the translator's signature. An undertaking may not rely on a translation which differs from the original document. A third party may rely on the translation of a document submitted to the registrar unless the undertaking proves that the third party was aware of the inaccuracy of the translation.

Entries in the commercial register are public. Everyone has the right to examine the information contained in the card indexes and the documents in business files and to obtain copies of them. Registry files may be examined by competent government bodies, courts during proceedings and other persons or entities with a legitimate interest.

Documents in the file may be viewed and copies thereof may be requested through the registration department, the e-Business Register or a notary.

History of the Estonian commercial register

The Estonian commercial register contains information dating back to 1 September 1995. All data are regularly updated.

Related links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register

Link opens in new windowSearch the commercial register

Link opens in new windowCompany Registration Portal

Link opens in new windowThe e-Business Register

Link opens in new windowRegistration departments

Link opens in new windowNotaries

Last update: 14/05/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Ireland

This section provides you with an overview of Ireland's business register.

What does the Irish business register offer?

The Link opens in new windowRegister of Companies records certain documents which are kept and maintained by the Companies Registration Office pursuant to filing obligations on companies arising under and by virtue of the Companies Acts, 1963-2012.  The register provides basic company information, such as:

  • The address,
  • Date of incorporation
  • Date of last annual return filed

All documents filed by companies under the Companies’ Acts are publicly accessible. Company profiles may be purchased. This provides an extract of the information on the register, including company officers, charges and a list of the documents filed.

Is access to the Irish register of companies free of charge?

Yes, access to basic company information is free of charge. However, a fee is charged for the retrieval of any other information.

How to search the Irish register of companies and business names?

Searches can be conducted by company/business number or name. There are four possible name searches:

  • 'Contains all these words' searches for names containing these words(recommended)
  • 'Starts with this phrase' searches for names beginning with this phrase
  • 'Contains this phrase' searches for names containing this phrase.
  • The alphasort is a string created by removing common words such as 'Ireland', 'Limited', 'The', 'And', etc. and by stripping out spaces, commas, hyphens, etc. from the company name. To perform an alphasort search you should do the same.

Name searches may be narrowed by including address details.

To which extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

The Companies Registration Office (CRO) is the central repository of public statutory information on companies in Ireland. The Companies Act 2014 and related legislation are the statutory basis on which companies are required to provide information to the CRO for registration and publication.

The information contained on the companies register is supplied to the CRO by third parties, pursuant to statutory obligation, including the obligation not to knowingly or recklessly supply false information to the CRO. The CRO cannot and does not vouch for the accuracy of the information which has been supplied to it by third parties.

In relation to the submission of certain documents and particulars there is a statutory requirement that the person making the submission must sign a statutory declaration that he or she believes that the required particulars and documents have been properly submitted. In accordance with the Statutory Declarations Act 1938 as amended, any person who knowingly makes a false or misleading statutory declaration is liable to prosecution and, on conviction, to a fine or imprisonment, or both.

Additionally, in accordance with section 876 of the Companies Act 2014, it is a criminal offence to knowingly or recklessly notify false information to the CRO on statutory forms.

History of the Irish register of companies

Electronic data on the register is complete in relation to all companies in normal status.

Related Links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register

Last update: 10/09/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Greece

What does the Greek business register offer?

In Greece, the business register is called the General Electronic Commercial Registry (Γενικό Εμπορικό Μητρώο, Γ.Ε.ΜΗ., GEMI). It is governed by Law No 3419/2005 (Government Gazette, Series I, No 297/06-12-2005). It records all disclosures of business documents and information. The General Electronic Commercial Registry's website is the national gazette designated for the purpose of disclosure of commercial information. Persons or associations of persons of the kind referred to in Article 1(1) of Law No 3419/2005 must be entered in the Registry.

On the website you can search for information disclosed by the following types of business:

a. Natural persons who are traders and who have a place of business or establishment or who trade through a main or secondary establishment in Greece.

b. Associations of individuals trading through a main or secondary establishment in Greece, and all commercial companies, provided that they were established under Greek law — general and limited partnerships, cooperatives governed by civil law (which include mutual insurance associations and credit cooperatives), and private and public limited companies — and individuals with an obligation to report pursuant to Article 39 of the Presidential Decree of 27.11/14.12.1926.

c. European economic interest groupings, as provided for by Regulation 2137/1985/EEC (OJ L199, corrigendum L. 247), which have their registered office in Greece.

d. European companies, as provided for by Regulation 2157/2001/EC (OJ L 294), which have their registered office in Greece.

e. European cooperative societies, as provided for by Regulation 1435/2003/EC (OJ L 207), which have their registered office in Greece.

f. Parties referred to above that have their principal place of business or their registered office in Greece must also register any branches they have in Greece.

g. Foreign companies of the kind referred to in Article 1 of Directive 68/151/EEC (OJ L 65) as amended by Article 1 of Directive 2003/58/EC (OJ L 221) which have their registered office in an EU Member State must register any branches or agencies they have in Greece.

h. Foreign companies based in a non-EU country which have a legal form similar to one of the foreign companies referred to in (g) above must register any branches or agencies they have in Greece.

i. Other natural or legal persons or associations of persons which have their principal place of business or their registered office abroad and which do not fall within points (g) and (h) must register any branches or agencies through which they trade in Greece.

j. Joint ventures.

k. Companies governed by civil law referred to in Article 784 of the Civil Code.

l. Natural or legal persons or associations of persons pursuing or intending to pursue an economic or professional activity without thereby becoming traders.

What documents and information are recorded in the Greek business register?

The entry for a business that is required to register must include the following information:

a. The registry number of the company, branch or agency.

b. The registry office or department which carried out the initial registration or subsequent registration and the full name of the official responsible.

c. The reference number of the registration application and the registration code.

d. Where under the legislation in force a trader's licence, professional authorisation or establishment and operating permit is required in order to set up a business or begin trading, details of the decision taken by the authority or department competent to grant it.

e. Court decisions declaring the company insolvent or placing it in a conciliation or other collective procedure to meet the claims of its creditors. The entry also includes the full name, parents' full names, identity card or passport numbers, place and date of birth, nationality and home address of the company's liquidators, compulsory administrators, trustees and insolvency practitioners.

f. Details of court decisions terminating, suspending or annulling the legal situations referred to in point (e) above.

g. Information that has to be published in accordance with insolvency law.

h. Details of pending applications for insolvency or conciliation or other collective procedures.

i. The number of branches or agencies that the company has in Greece, and the address and registration number of each of these.

j. The number, address and details of the branches or agencies that the company has abroad.

I. The following information is registered and published in respect of companies based in Greece:

a) the instrument of constitution or statutes;

b) amendments to the instrument of constitution or statutes, which include any extension of the duration of the company, and any subsequent amendment to the instrument of constitution or statutes, showing the complete text as amended to date;

c) the appointment, termination of office and particulars of the persons who either as a body constituted pursuant to law or as members of any such body:

aa) are authorised to represent the company in dealings with third parties; in the event that this concerns more than one person, the relevant entry must state whether these persons can act alone or whether they must act jointly;

bb) represent the company before a court;

cc) take part in the administration, supervision or control of the company;

d) at least once a year, the amount of the capital subscribed, where the instrument of constitution or statutes instrument of constitution or the statutes mention an authorised capital, unless any increase in the capital subscribed necessitates an amendment of the statutes;

e) the accounting documents for each financial year which are required to be published in accordance with Council Directives 78/660/EEC (OJ L 222 14.8.1978), 83/349/EEC (OJ L 193 18.7.1983), 86/635/EEC (OJ L 372 31.12.1986) and 91/674/EEC (OJ L 374 31.12.1991);

f) any change of registered office,

g) the winding-up of the company;

h) any declaration of nullity of the company by the courts;

i) the appointment and particulars of liquidators;

j) termination of the liquidation and striking off the register.

II. The following information is registered and published in relation to the foreign companies referred to in Article 1 of Directive 68/151/EEC (OJ L 65) as amended by Article 1 of Directive 2003/58/EC (OJ L 221) which have their head office in an EU Member State:

a) the address of the branch;

b) a reference to the subject of the branch's activities;

c) the Member State register in which the company's file is kept and company's registration number in that register.

d) the name and legal form of the company, and the name of the branch if different from the name of the company;

e) the appointment, termination of office and particulars of the persons who are authorised to represent the company in dealings with third parties and in legal proceedings:

aa) if they are considered a company management body pursuant to law or members of any such body, in accordance with the disclosure by the company as provided for in Article 2(1) of Directive 2009/101/EC (OJ L 258, 1.10.2009);

bb) as permanent representatives of the company for the activities of the branch, with an indication of the extent of their powers;

f) the winding-up of the company, the appointment and particulars of the liquidators and their powers and the finalisation of the winding up, including a reference to the Member State register, insolvency proceedings, arrangements, compositions, or any analogous proceedings to which the company is subject;

g) the accounting documents of the company as drawn up, audited and disclosed pursuant to the law of the Member State by which the company is governed in accordance with Directives 78/660/EEC (OJ L 222 14.8.1978), 83/349/EEC (OJ L 193 18.7.1983) and 84/253/EEC (OJ L 126/20 12.5/1984)

h) the closure of the branch.

How do you perform a search in the Greek business register?

You can search for any commercial disclosures on the website of the Link opens in new windowGeneral Electronic Commercial Registry using just one of the following pieces of information relating to the company:

  1. tax identification number (Α.Φ.Μ.) or
  2. registry (Γ.Ε.ΜΗ.) number or
  3. company name or
  4. short name.

Is access to the Greek business register free?

All members of the public can access the entry of a company in the Link opens in new windowRegistry free of charge. They may also digitally store on their own electronic device and print or otherwise reproduce any document, information or notice posted on the Registry website for public consultation either by the Registry or by the persons required to do so. If a member of the public wishes to obtain official (authentic) certificates or copies of documents or data recorded in a company's entry in the Registry, they may register free of charge with the Link opens in new windowRegistry's transparency department.

In order to obtain official certificates or copies of documents and data, a fee must be paid via the relevant online application. Certificates or copies of the relevant documents or data are delivered in two different ways: digitally through the Registry's transparency application, or by post to the addressee, anywhere in the world.

How is the authenticity of the official certificates or copies issued by the Greek business register verified?

The authenticity of the relevant official certificates or copies is verified through the Link opens in new windowGreek General Electronic Commercial Registry.

If the person concerned fills in the reference number of the certificate or copy, the company's registry number and the registry department that issued the document, the body of the document will appear.

To what extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

The documents listed in businesses' entries can be relied upon, because the Register is the only site available for commercial disclosure and constitutes 'the national gazette designated' for the purpose of publication of commercial information within the meaning of Article 3(5) of Directive 2009/101/EC. The General Electronic Commercial Registry is linked to the registers of the other Member States referred to in that legislation(national registers) through a centralised set of IT tools (the European central platform) as part of the system of interconnection of registers under Directive 2012/17/EU. Documents and data are registered in the General Electronic Commercial Register following a check carried out by the staff of the Register on their legality, accuracy, clarity and completeness and whether all the relevant fees provided for by current legislation have been paid. Provided that this check does not reveal anything which could impede registration, the responsible Registry department will enter the relevant information for the business in the register. If the application, the attached documents and any other supporting documents do not meet the conditions of the law or they are not accurate and complete, the responsible Registry department will call on the person concerned, in writing or by fax or email, to make the necessary clarifications, corrections or additions to the application, the support documentation or the attached documents, within a deadline of five working days. The deadline may be extended up to one month if this is dictated by the circumstances and the type of information that needs to be registered. A deadline of this kind extends any other legal deadline for registering information. If there is no response within the five-day deadline or any extension granted, or if the person concern submits information which is not considered to meet the legal requirements or which is not accurate and complete, the application for registration will be rejected by a reasoned decision of the department and the relevant registration fees will be forfeited for the benefit of the Register. For general partnerships and limited partnerships, public and private limited liability companies, cooperatives governed by civil law, European economic interest groupings provided for by Regulation 2137/1985/EEC (OJ L199, corrigendum . 247) based in Greece, European companies provided for by Regulation 2157/2001/EC (OJ L 294) based in Greece, European cooperative societies provided for by Regulation 1435/2003/EC (OJ L 207) based in Greece, and civil law companies referred to in Article 784 of the Civil Code, the registration of facts, statements, documents and other information in the General Electronic Commercial Register will produce the following effects:

a. Legal persons of the kinds referred to above which are in the course of being set up will acquire legal personality.

b. Subject to the specific provisions of current legislation governing the conversion of companies, businesses registering conversion will thereby be converted into public limited liability companies, private limited liability companies, cooperatives governed by civil law, European economic interest groupings, European companies or European cooperatives as the case may be.

c. The enterprise's instrument of constitution or statutes will be amended.

d. A merger or division will take place, subject only to registration and prior to the striking-off the register of the company that is absorbed or divided.

e. An enterprise will be wound up, following a decision by the partners or the issuing of the relevant administrative act.

f. A business will be revived.

Lastly, according to the express provision of paragraph 4 of Law No 3419/2005, the relevant entries in the Register are presumed to be legal and correct.

Is there anything specific I need to know about the Greek business register?

The General Electronic Commercial Registry website is the 'national gazette designated' for the purpose of publication within the meaning of Article 3(5) of Directive 2009/101/EC of 16 September 2009 (OJ L 258). The general directory of company names, the entry and all other information necessary for the public use of the Registry are published on the Registry website. All members of the public can access the register free of charge. They may also digitally store on their own electronic device and print or otherwise reproduce any document, data or notice posted on the GECR website for public consultation either by the Registry department or by the persons required to do so.

As part of the system of interconnection of registers, the General Electronic Commercial Registry : a) communicates by email with the other national registers and aa) receives information on data stored in another national register concerning companies which have their registered office in one EU Member State and branches in another EU Member State and bb) provides information on the data referred to in Article 6(2a) and (2b) of Law No 3419/2005 on companies which have their registered office or branches in Greece as referred to under point (g) of paragraph 1 of the same law; and b) replies to questions submitted by individual users to the single European electronic access point of the system of interconnection of registers (the portal) as regards the information under point (a)(bb).

The Companies and Registry Department of the Directorate-General for Markets (Secretariat‑General for Trade and Consumer Protection, Ministry of the Economy, Development and Tourism) is responsible for replying to questions submitted via the European electronic portal concerning the documents and information referred to in Article 6(2a) and (2b) of Law No 3419/2005 for companies whose shares are quoted on the Athens Stock Exchange, banks and branches of banks in EU Member States and third countries, public limited liability insurance companies and branches of insurance companies in EU Member States and third countries, public limited liability investment funds, public limited liability mutual fund management companies, public limited liability mutual fund management companies for immovable property, public limited liability investment funds for immovable property, public limited liability assets and liabilities management companies, public limited liability investment firms and public limited liability sports (football and basketball) companies.

In addition, a department of the Registry operates for each chamber of commerce in Greece, and is responsible, among other things, for replying to questions submitted via the European electronic portal concerning the documents and information referred to in Article 6(2a) and (2b) of Law No 3419/2005 regarding all legal forms of company other than those referred to above.

NB: The information provided above is merely an overview designed to inform interested parties of the interconnection between the Greek business register and the other national registers of EU Member States. More detailed information on the legal framework can be found on the website of the Link opens in new windowGeneral Electronic Commercial Registry.

Related links

Link opens in new windowElectronic publication by the General Electronic Commercial Registry

Link opens in new windowRegistration of members of the public for the services of the General Electronic Commercial Registry Services

Link opens in new windowRegistration of businesses in the General Electronic Commercial Registry

Link opens in new windowVerification of the authenticity of certificates and copies issued by the General Electronic Commercial Registry

Link opens in new windowLegislation on the General Electronic Commercial Registry

Link opens in new windowCirculars on the electronic services of the General Electronic Commercial Registry and Link opens in new windowGeneral Electronic Commercial Registry circular

Last update: 03/07/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

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Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Spain

In Spain, 'Registradores' (Registrars) are responsible for maintaining the following registers:

  • Land and Property Registers ('Registros de la Propiedad de Bienes Inmuebles', generically known as the Land Registers (“Registros de la Propiedad”).
  • Movable Property Registers ('Registros de la Propiedad de Bienes Muebles').
  • Business Registers ('Registros Mercantiles').
  • Register of General Contract Conditions ('Registro de Condiciones Generales de la Contratación')

You will find an explanation of the 'Registros de la Propiedad', together with related links, on the e–Justice portal, in the section on Land Registers.

This page contains:

  • An explanation of the Business Registers in Spain, together with related links.
  • A brief explanation of the Movable Property Register, with related links.
  • A brief explanation of the Register of General Contract Conditions , with related links.

What does the Business Register in Spain provide?

Legal and economic certainty.

The main features of the Spanish Business Register system are set out below.

1.- Purpose of the Business Register

1.1.- Entities which must register

  • Individual entrepreneurs
  • Commercial undertakings
  • Non-profit making organisations
  • Credit and insurance entities and mutual guarantee companies
  • Collective investment undertakings
  • Economic interest groups
  • Savings banks
  • Pension funds
  • Branches of any of the above
  • Branches of foreign firms
  • Foreign firms which move their registered headquarters to Spanish territory
  • All undertakings which carry out a commercial activity, provided that the figures for purchases made or brokered, or the sales figures, exceed EUR 600 000.

1.2.- Business Register: areas of activity

  • Company documents. The record of incorporation of a business undertaking is the first item in the historical register of a company. After this, entries will concern documents and contracts relating to each company (e.g. increase or decrease in share capital, changes in the makeup of the board, appointments or terminations of service of administrators or managers, insolvency proceedings, appeals against corporate decisions, etc.).
  • Accounting records. Entrepreneurs and companies must keep accounting records and submit them to their local Business Register for authentication by the Business Registrar. The accounts must be submitted at the latest four months after the end of the company's financial year. Those companies whose financial year ends on 31 December must therefore submit them by 31 May.
  • Submission of the annual accounts of entrepreneurs and other individuals required to submit them. Under the General Accounting Plan (Plan General Contable), it is mandatory to keep annual accounts. These must be approved by the partners or shareholders within six months of the end of the company's financial year and, once approved, must be submitted within the following month for compulsory authentication by the local Business Register. In normal circumstances, therefore, firms for which the date of closure of the financial year is 31 December, and which have approved the accounts by 30 June, must submit them by 30 July.
  • Processing of applications for the appointment of auditors and experts. Any shareholder who holds 5 % of the share capital of a company has the right to request, within three months of the end of the financial year, that the local Business Register appoint an auditor. In companies where the financial year ends on 31 December, partners or shareholders who hold at least 5 % of the share capital have until 31 March of the following year to request the appointment of an auditor. They may also ask the local Business Registrar to appoint business experts in cases where contributions in kind are to be made and in the event of a merger or division.

2.- Legal certainty in the Spanish Business Register

The Business Register is the main legal instrument for recording business activity. It is essential for economic development, as a means to reduce transaction costs.

Entries in the Register are made after verifications are carried out: checks on the legality and validity of the content of the documents and corporate agreements and on the capacity and legitimacy of those who conclude them.

As a consequence of these checks by the Registrar, such entries have powerful legal standing:

  1. The content of the Register is deemed to be accurate and valid.
  2. Instruments registered may be enforceable against bona fide third parties.
  3. Entries in the Register are safeguarded by the courts and will be effective unless a court judgment declares them to be inaccurate or void.
  4. A judgment declaring the entries to be inaccurate or void will not prejudice the legally acquired rights of bona fide third parties.

In this way, firms, citizens and government departments avoid high transaction costs, since they have at their disposal sufficient accredited information on the entities with which they intend to enter into contractual relations, and on their legal and economic situation.

3.- Registration procedure

The general principal is that public certification is required to make entries in the Business Register. Documents may be validated by notaries, the courts or administrative authorities. Private documents may only be entered in cases explicitly provided for by law and under the Business Register regulations. Examples of private documents which can be entered include: registration of an individual entrepreneur not involved in the shipping industry; the appointment, termination of service, acceptance and resignation of the posts of administrators, liquidators and auditors.

The procedure must be requested. This means, other than in exceptional circumstances, it is initiated by the person who wishes to make the entry.

Is access to the Business Register free of charge?

Access to the Business Register in Spain is not free of charge.

The Link opens in new windowFees of Business Registrars and the Link opens in new windowRegulation governing the Business Register set the cost of registration and publications.

The registration fees are dependent on various factors and must be consulted directly at Link opens in new windowFees of Business Registrars.

The cost of publication varies between €1.20 and €24 and can be consulted directly at Link opens in new windowFees of Business Registrars or at Link opens in new windowAssociation of Registrars of Spain.

How do I consult the Spanish Business Register?

1.- Public nature of the register

The Business Register is public. It is the responsibility of the Business Registrar to process the content of the entries in the register for professional purposes.

2.- Extract from the register

Description.- An abbreviated extract from the register (nota simple) is of a purely informative nature and is not an authentic representation of the content of the entry. It contains some or all of the information relating to the entry concerned.

How to obtain an abbreviated extract.- There are two methods:

  • In writing. By requesting it in person from the relevant Business Register.
  • Online. Use the first of the links at the bottom of the page.

3.- Certificates

Description.- A certificate is a copy, transcription or transfer, either in full or in summary form, of the contents of the information held by the Registry which, once it is processed by the Registrar, represents the only way of conveying the authentic nature of the entry in the Business Register. Registrars can also certify documents which are deposited or archived in the Register.

How to obtain a certificate.- Certificates can only be obtained by written request. You can make this request in person, by post or by fax or similar. Electronic certificates can also be requested; these feature the Registrar's recognised electronic signature.

4.- Consulting the Business Register via the Internet

See 'Useful links' below. The procedure is very simple - just follow the instructions on the web page below:

The website offers you the possibility of paying by credit card if you are not a subscriber or do not have a certificate previously recognised by the Association of Registrars:

  • 'Card payments' (pagos con tarjeta). You must then enter your credit card details.
  • Click on 'Enter' (Entrar).

On this page you can choose between: the Land Register, the Business Register, the Movable Property Register or the Register of General Contract Conditions. You should select: 'Public commercial records' (Publicidad Mercantil).

  • Then select your area of interest.

Anyone can consult the interactive commercial information provided by the Association of Registrars in real time using this web page. Certain company information, including the exact content of the registered annual accounts, is available on demand, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The information obtained from registered company documents is updated and truthful.

How reliable are documents in the Register?

Directive 2012/17/EU on the interconnection of central, commercial and companies registers added Article 3a to Directive 2009/101/EC. Article 3a concerns the requirement for Member States to provide up-to-date information explaining the provisions of national law according to which third parties can rely on particulars and each type of document referred to in Article 2, in accordance with Article 3(5), (6) and (7). Specifically, Member States must provide this information for publication on the European e-Justice portal in accordance with the portal’s rules and technical requirements. The information in question relates to how, for each legal system, requests can be made to consult the details referred to in Article 2 of the Directive, and it also relates to the enforceability of instruments recorded in the Register against third parties.

The details referred to in Article 2 of the Directive are published in the Spanish Business Register, which is governed by the principles of the personal form, public certification, legality, legitimacy, official authority, enforceability, chain of title and publication.

Article 19 of Law 14/2013, and its 13th Additional Provision, on support for entrepreneurs and their internationalisation, lay down that the Business Register be kept in electronic format, using a single IT system, as required by law.

Information contained in the Business Register is published as a certificate or an extract.

The certificate issued by the Business Registrar is the only way of conveying the authentic nature of the entries in the Register and reference is made to this certificate in Article 23(1) of the Commercial Code and in Articles 12 and 77 of the Business Register Regulation.

Articles 12 and 78 of the Business Register Regulation relate to extracts of all or some of the information entered in the Register.

It is also possible to consult the Register online, as referred to in Article 79 of the same Regulation.

In accordance with Article 23(4) of the Commercial Code and Article 80 of the Business Register Regulation, the publication rules contained in mortgage law are also applicable, specifically Articles 221, 222, 222a, 227 and 248 of the Mortgage Act, which give the option of publishing information electronically. Article 110(1) of Law 24/2001 relates to publication by the Registrar using an electronic signature and also applies to Business Registers, as part of the incorporation of electronic, IT and digital techniques (Articles 106 to 115).

In accordance with Article 379 of the Business Register Regulation, the purpose of the Central Business Register is to organise, record and publish, for information purposes only, the details it receives from the Business Registers, store and publish the names of entities and legal persons, publish the Official Gazette of the Business Register, maintain the Register of companies and entities that have moved their registered address outside Spain without losing Spanish nationality, and communicate the information referred to in Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 2157/2001. The Central Business Register can provide extracts, in accordance with Article 23 of the Commercial Code and Article 382 of the Business Register Regulation, but it cannot issue certificates other than those related to the names of companies that are registered.

Publication can be requested by post, fax or similar.

On the website of the Link opens in new windowRegistrars of Spain you can request information on registered entities using the search tool (Fichero Localizador de Entidades Inscritas).

As regards enforceability, Article 9 of the Business Register Regulation lays down that: '1. Documents that must be registered may only be enforceable against bona fide third parties once they have been published in the Official Gazette of the Business Register. The operation of the registration itself remains unaffected. 2. As regards transactions carried out within 15 days of publication, the documents registered and published shall not be enforceable against third parties who prove that it was impossible for them to have had knowledge thereof. 3. Where there is a discrepancy between the content of the publication and the content of the entry in the register, third parties acting in good faith may rely on the published version if it is favourable to them. Whoever is responsible for the discrepancy shall be required to compensate the injured party. 4. It is assumed that the third party is acting in good faith as long as it cannot be proved that they had knowledge of a document that should have been registered but was not, a document that was registered but not published, or a discrepancy between the content of the publication and the content of the entry in the register.'

You can find more information on:

History of the Business Register in Spain

1.- Antecedents

Historical antecedents of the current legislation on the Business Register in Spain are:

  • The Ordenanzas de Bilbao (1737), which established a register of matriculation numbers and flagging for ships.
  • The 1885 Commercial Code (Código de Comercio).
  • The Provisional Regulation on drawing up the 1885 Business Register, and the subsequent Regulations of 1919 and 14 December 1956, as amended by the Decree of 21 July 1973.

2.- Current legislation on the Business Register

General rules contained in the Commercial Code of 22 August 1885. While the basic provisions on the Business Register are contained in this Code, they have been amended many times, most recently by Law No 19/1989 of 25 July 1989.

  • Royal Legislative Decree No 1/2010 of 2 July 2010 on public limited liability companies. Law No 3/2009 of 3 April 2009 on structural modifications of companies.
  • Specific legislation on certain companies by sector of activity (financial entities, insurance companies, electricity sector, leasing companies, etc.).
  • Business Register Regulation of 19 July 1996. A new text of the Regulation is currently under preparation.

3.- Organisation

The Business Register is a public institution found in all the provincial capitals and other cities designated by law, which is managed by one or more Business Registrars and is under the direct authority of the Ministry of Justice, specifically the Directorate-General for Registers and Notaries.

The Registrar is a professional legal expert who performs a public service: he/she classifies and checks under their own responsibility all the documents to be entered in the Register.

There is a single Business Register in each provincial capital in Spain. There are also Business Registers in Ceuta, Melilla, Ibiza, Mahón, Arrecife, Puerto del Rosario, Santa Cruz de la Palma, San Sebastián de la Gomera, Valverde and Santiago de Compostela. A Central Business Register deals with the names of companies and commercial entities.

Companies acquire legal personality through registration in the Business Register in the place where their headquarters are established, which means that their entry in the Register is compulsory and forms part of the incorporation process.

Related links

MOVABLE PROPERTY REGISTER

1.- What is the purpose of the Spanish Movable Property Register?

Legal and economic certainty.

1.1.- Purpose of the Movable Property Register

The purpose of the Movable Property Register is the registration of ownership and other rights in rem relating to movable property which can be registered.

What type of movable property can be registered?

Movable property properly speaking: motor vehicles, consumer goods, industrial machinery, industrial premises, stocks, agricultural equipment and livestock farms, and other types of movable property designated by law.

Certain intangible assets and rights that can be registered: industrial and intellectual property rights, film exploitation rights, administrative licences and loans in general.

1.3.- What type of rights are registered with respect to movable property?

Ownership, attachments, reservation of ownership, prohibition on transfer of property, mortgages on immovable property, pledges without displacement and other assets that can be registered or entered in accordance with the law.

2.- Characteristics of the Spanish Movable Property Register

This is a State Register under the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice. It is a legal Register, not a merely administrative one. In general, it is voluntary. There is an incentive to register, however, given the favourable impact of registration. There are no formal requirements: contracts are registered, usually as private documents and also as official models. There is also a system of approval in which, prior to registration, the Registrar checks the legality of the description, title and act being registered.

3.- Organisation

This Register is in electronic and paper format.

Royal Decree 1828/1999 splits the Movable Property Register into six sections:

  • Ships and aircraft
  • Cars and other motor vehicles
  • Industrial machinery, commercial premises and capital goods
  • Other collateral guarantees
  • Other movable property that can be registered
  • Register of General Contract Conditions.

4.- Is access to the Spanish Register of Movable Property free of charge?

No. Its fees are governed by the Order of 20 July 1999, Article 36 of which lists the amounts to be charged depending on the value of what is being registered:

  • Up to €600 in value: €2.40.
  • Between €600 and €6000 in value: €6.
  • Between €6000 and €12000 in value: €10.
  • Between €12000 and €18000 in value: €13.
  • Value in excess of €18000: €1.20 for each €3000 or fraction of that amount.

The fee system of the Land Register applies to mortgages on immovable property and pledges without transfer of possession, so fees from that system are applied (please refer to the section on the Land Register).

As for the information contained in this Register, €3 is charged for each extract and €6 to €24 for a certificate.

The VAT in force at the time is also applied.

5.- Consulting the Movable Property Register via the Internet

See 'Useful links' below. The procedure is very simple - just follow the instructions on the web page below:

Then click on: 'Access to Electronic Register' (Acceso Registro Electrónico). The website offers the possibility of paying by credit card, if you are not a subscriber or do not have a certificate previously recognised by the Association of Registrars:

  • 'Card payments' (pagos con tarjeta). You must then enter your credit card details.
  • Click on 'Enter' (Entrar).

On this page you can choose between: the Land Register, the Business Register, the Movable Property Register or the Register of General Contract Conditions. You should select: 'Public Movable Property Records' (Publicidad Bienes Muebles).

  • Then select your area of interest.

6.- Useful links

REGISTER OF GENERAL CONTRACT CONDITIONS

1.- What is the purpose of the Spanish Register of General Contract Conditions?

This Register protects the interests of consumers and users who enter into a contract with a natural or legal person who uses general contract conditions. It provides greater security for private legal transactions and thus the means necessary to avoid disputes.

1.2.- Purpose of the Spanish Register of General Contract Conditions

The Register of General Contract Conditions aims to achieve the following objectives:

1.- Depositing of general contract conditions

General contract conditions are contractual clauses that have been drafted unilaterally by one of the parties to the contract (standard clauses), for use in a number of contracts. They are in fact conditions which have not been individually negotiated. They need not be unfair.

In practice, not all general conditions forming part of contracts are deposited in this Register, despite the fact that it is easy to use. Depositing general conditions is voluntary, except for specific sectors which can be determined by the Government.

In those cases in which general conditions are deposited, the party who deposits them often refers to the fact that they are deposited in this Register when concluding other contracts in future. Thus instead of reproducing them in future contracts, there is simply a reference to the fact that they have been deposited in the Register of General Contract Conditions. Many users who have signed a contract containing general contract conditions do not know exactly which conditions are binding, thus it may be vital to know what the terms of the contract were, to what they commit the user, how they can obtain release from them subsequently and the consequences of this.

2.- Judgments handed down by Courts declaring that certain clauses in these standard contracts are null and void

These are final judgments in favour of the complainant in cases brought by private individuals (individual actions) or by a consumer organisation representing a number of private individuals (class actions).

Once a final judgment has been registered, it affects other procedures involving identical clauses.

A single judgement declaring certain clauses to be unfair can resolve thousands of complaints, and if the same unfair clause is subsequently used, it should not be necessary to take further legal action, provided that the case involves the same party who set out these clauses originally. Hence the importance of publishing such judgments in this Register.

The eminently legal nature of this Register derives from the effects which registration confers on a legal declaration that a clause is null and void. Registration of a clause as unfair produces effects with respect to third parties. The Register provides that, where a final judgment has been registered, and the clauses declared null and void as a result of an individual or class action continue to be used, the Registrar can take note of the persistent use of such clauses and report this to the Ministry of Justice.

2.- Legislation governing the Register of General Contract Conditions

The 1998 Law on General Conditions established the Register of General Contract Conditions, entrusting it to the Property and Business Registrars. It forms part of the Movable Property Register.

3.- Organisation

The Register of General Contract Conditions is one Section of the Movable Property Register. The Register can be consulted using the links indicated at the bottom of this page.

4.- Is access to the Spanish Register of General Contract Conditions free of charge?

Yes.

5.- Consulting the Business Register via the Internet

Please refer to the 'Useful links' indicated below. The procedure is very simple - just follow the instructions on the web page below:

  • Link: Link opens in new windowhttp://www.registradores.org/
  • Then click on: 'Consult Register General Conditions' (Consulta Registro Condiciones Generales).
  • Then select your area of interest.

6.- Useful links

Last update: 26/03/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Lūdzu, ņemiet vērā, ka šai lapai nesen tika atjaunināta oriģinālvalodas franču versija. Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.

Business registers in Member States - France

On this page you will find information regarding the options available for consulting business registers in France.

What do business registers in France offer?

Local business and companies registers (registres du commerce et des sociétés - RCS) are kept by registrars of the commercial courts and of the civil courts with commercial jurisdiction (district courts in the administrative départements of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin and Moselle; and mixed commercial courts in the overseas regions and départements). The information in these registers is checked. The registrars must verify that the statements comply with the laws and regulations, that they correspond to the supporting documents and documents attached as annexes, and that – in the event of a request for amendment or removal – they are up to date. They also verify that the ways in which commercial companies are constituted, or the changes made to their statutes, comply with the laws and regulations that govern the companies.

The trade register (Kbis) extract issued by the registrars is the true ‘ID card’, showing the civil status of a business recorded in the business and companies register. This document assembles all the information that a business must declare. Where necessary, it also contains comments on the notes made by the registrar responsible for maintaining the register. The trade register extract attests to the legal existence of the business and provides verified information. It is the only official document testifying to the identity and address of the registered natural person or legal person, their activity, their management, administrative or supervisory bodies, and whether or not collective proceedings have been brought against them. Only the official document issued and signed by the court registrar has the authentic information provided by the company to the business and companies register.

A national business and companies register (registre national du commerce et des sociétés - RNCS) is kept by the National Institute for Industrial Property (Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle - INPI), which brings together the documents, qualifying as originals, from the business and companies registers kept in each registry.

These registers contain all the information concerning traders and companies. They give access to all the entries and documents in the business and companies registers.

The Infogreffe website provides centralised access to information in the business and companies register. The service is offered in French and English.

The website of the National Institute for Industrial Property makes it possible (using the name of a company and a SIREN number) to obtain a copy of a document – or of the full file – lodged with the national business and companies register.

Is access to a business register free of charge?

Users of the Infogreffe site can access certain information on businesses listed on it free of charge, but most of the information in the database can be obtained only for a fee.

It is also in return for a fee that the National Institute for Industrial Property distributes documents (or the full file). It can do this by mail or via the online shop on its website.

How to search a business register in France?

On the Infogreffe website you can search for a business by:

  • its name,
  • the name of its directors and administrators,
  • the town or administrative département where it is domiciled or has its headquarters or where it has its business units,
  • its SIREN number (Business Register Identification System - Système d’Identification du Répertoire des Entreprises),
  • its registration number in the business and companies register.

Useful links

Link opens in new windowRegistre de Commerce européen (European Business Register)

Link opens in new windowInfogreffe

Link opens in new windowINPI

Link opens in new windowCNGTC

Last update: 13/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Croatia

In the Republic of Croatia the court register is managed by the commercial courts (trgovački sudovi).

Court register (Sudski registar)

The court register is a public book containing data and documents on entities which have to be entered in the register by law. Each court that carries out registration is responsible for the authenticity of its entries in the register. The following are entered in the register: public trading companies (javna trgovačka društva), limited partnerships (komanditna društva), economic interest groupings (gospodarska interesna udruženja), joint-stock companies (dionička društva), limited liability companies (društva s ograničenom odgovornošću), sole traders (trgovci pojedinci), European companies (SEs), European Economic Interest Groupings (EEIGs), European Cooperative Societies (SCEs), institutions (ustanove), communities of institutions (zajednice ustanova), cooperatives (zadruge), unions of cooperatives (savezi zadruga), credit unions (kreditne unije), simple limited liability companies (jednostavna društva s ograničenom odgovornošću (j.d.o.o.)) and other persons that have to be registered by law. Subsidiaries are entered in the register if this is required by law.

The register contains no data on artisans or associations.

Without having to prove a legitimate interest, anyone is entitled to examine the information entered in the general book, the documents on which an entry is based and the other documents and information stored in the collection of documents (except for documents that the law states are not subject to the public-domain principle).Anyone may also request an extract, a certified copy or a transcript of documents and data stored in the collection of documents.

Register

Information concerning entry in the register and the publication of data on registered entities

The main pieces of legislation governing the establishment of entities subject to registration and their entry in the register are: the Court Register Act (Zakon o sudskom registru) (hereinafter ‘ZSR’), the Trading Companies Act (Zakon o trgovačkim društvima) (hereinafter ‘ZTD’) and the Rules on the method of making an entry in the court register (Pravilnik o načinu upisa u sudski registar). The data stipulated by law, and any changes to such data, are entered in the register on the basis of these laws.

Data on registered entities are accessible 24 hours a day and may be consulted free of charge on the Link opens in new windowwebsite of the court register.

Launch of the registration procedure

The procedure for making an entry in the register is launched by a written application for data to be entered, or for the data of an entry to be amended, which is delivered on paper or electronically to the court of registration. An application must be submitted to a court within 15 days from the date on which the conditions for entry are met, except where the law provides otherwise. A court may launch the procedure ex officio where this is provided for by law.

Notaries may communicate electronically with the court that is carrying out registration, in accordance with their powers and the provisions of the ZSR.

There is a simplified procedure for registering a simple limited liability company (j.d.o.o.) (a company with no more than three members, a one-member management board and minimum share capital of HRK 10.00). In order to be established in this way, such companies must use the forms drawn up by a notary.

The following persons are authorised to submit applications for entry in the register:

  • Notaries (who are authorised to submit applications electronically and to issue extracts, copies and transcripts under Article 4(2) ZSR).
  • Persons who are authorised by law to propose entries in the register (personally or through an authorised representative).
  • Persons who deal with matters of HITRO.HR offices (who are authorised to submit applications for the establishment of trading companies via the e-Tvrtka system, in accordance with the powers laid down in separate regulations).

Effect of an entry

An entry takes legal effect for the registered entity on the day following the entry in the register (except where the law provides otherwise) and takes legal effect for third parties on the day on which it is published.

No person may claim that they do not know data entered in the general book of the register which have been published in the manner stipulated by the ZSR.

Any person may cite an entry in the register regarding legally settled data and facts which are entered in the register in accordance with the law, except for a person who is proved to have known that the relevant data in the entry in the register did not correspond to reality. The actions undertaken by a third party before the sixteenth day following the date of publication of an entry in the register may not be opposed on the basis of the registered data or the documents referred to in the publication, if the third party can prove that he/she/it could not have known about them.

A person of good faith may not suffer damage for having relied on an entry in the register regarding legally settled data and facts.

Crimes and misdemeanours and the penalties imposed by courts that carry out registration

The crimes, misdemeanours and the penalties imposed by courts that carry out registration are laid down in Articles 624 to 632 ZTD, and the launch of a procedure for warning and punishing persons who had a duty to fulfil legal obligations concerning the submission of an application for entry in the register is governed by Articles 81 and 81a ZSR.

Last update: 06/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Italy

This section provides you with an overview of Italy's business register.

What does the Italian business register contain by way of information?

Italy's Link opens in new windowRegistro delle Imprese is run by the Chambers of Commerce, with support from Unioncamere, under the supervision of a judge and the Ministry of Economic Development. The ICT infrastructure is run and maintained by Infocamere, a consortium of the Chambers of Commerce in public limited company form.

The register provides detailed information on businesses, such as:

  • complete names of companies
  • registered office
  • VAT number
  • activity and legal form
  • governing bodies
  • capital
  • legal representatives
  • powers of representatives
  • branches

It also provides access to public documents concerning companies, including:

  • full financial statements
  • instruments of incorporation
  • lists of shareholders

The Italian business register offers two types of reporting:

  1. Legal reporting
  • as guarantee of the existence of the company
  • to ensure that information can be relied upon in dealings with third parties(Article 2193 of the Civil Code)
  1. Economic reporting
  • for statistical and economic purposes

Is access to the Italian business register free of charge?

Access to the register and to a limited amount of information (such as name and address of company) is free of charge. However, on-line access to complete information is available only on request and against payment.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

In Italy the business register is kept by the relevant offices of the Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Crafts and Agriculture. These offices are called business register offices (uffici del Registro delle Imprese), and act under the oversight of a judge appointed by the court with jurisdiction for the place (who supervises the formal correctness of individual registrations) and under the administrative supervision of the Ministry of Economic Development.

Italy's business register was set up in its current form following a reform in 1993 (Article 8 of Law No 580 of 1993) implemented by a 1995 regulation (Decree of the President of the Republic No 581 of 1995).

With this reform the business register, hitherto kept purely in paper form at the record offices of commercial courts, was transferred to the Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Crafts and Agriculture so that they could run it in fully computerised form, making the information and documents contained therein fully and immediately available across the country.

These provisions were subsequently supplemented by Article 31 of Law No 340 of 2000, which made it mandatory for almost all types of enterprises (all companies in particular) to use a digital signature and computer tools for preparing applications for registration and the accompanying documents and for submitting them to the business registrar.

Following further changes in the legislation (Article 9 of Decree-Law No 7 of 2007), all types of enterprise, including sole traders, now correspond with the business register, for the purposes of reporting requirements, using digital signatures and electronic channels.

Before registering an enterprise, the relevant business register office checks (pursuant to Article 11(6) of Decree of the President of the Republic No 581 of 1995) that:

(a) the application is authentic;

(b) the application form is completed correctly;

(c) the act or fact for which registration is requested corresponds to legal requirements;

(d) the documents required by law are attached;

(e) any other legal conditions for registration are complied with.

We should also point out that almost all the documents relating to companies that are entered in the business register are drawn up by a notary. Article 11(4) of DPR No 581 of 1995 lays down that: ‘The document to be recorded shall be lodged in the original version, and in the case of a private deed not lodged with a notary the signature shall be authenticated In other cases an authentic copy shall be lodged. The extract shall be deposited in authentic form in accordance with Article 2718 of the Civil Code.’

Under Article 2193 of the Civil Code

  1. If information that must be registered by law is not registered, it may not be relied upon against third parties by whoever was required to apply for registration, unless they prove that the third parties had knowledge thereof.
  2. Third parties may not claim ignorance of information that must be registered by law once it has been registered.
  3. This is without prejudice to any specific provisions of law.

History of the Italian business register

The Italian business register was established in 1993.

Related Links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register

Last update: 18/06/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Cyprus

This section of the page displays an introductory text concerning the Register of Companies of Cyprus.

The Companies Section deals with the registration, follow-up, control and striking-off of domestic companies, overseas companies, partnerships, business names and also comes under the Department of the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver (DRCOR) of the Ministry of Energy, Commerce, Industry and Tourism.

The services available on the internet are:

  • Link opens in new windowDocuments and Link opens in new windowApplications are accessible for the Companies Section.
  • Citizens can find out about (Link opens in new windowFees ) for each document and application form submitted.
  • There are (Link opens in new windowStatistics) about the Companies Section.

What does the Register of Companies offer?

Anyone can find out on-line whether a particular organisation is in the Register of Companies and its status (currently registered or struck off). It is possible to conduct an on-line search of the data of all companies and to inspect the documents in the companies' electronic files.

The Department of the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver is responsible for the keeping of the register of companies.

Is access to the register of companies free?

On-line access to the register is free as regards the basic company information.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

The reliability of the documents in the register is secured in Chapter 113 of Companies Law, which ensure the validity of the information given to third parties on the basis of Article 3(a) of the European Directive 2009/101/EC, by the following Articles of the Law:

Article 365

Inspection, production and evidence of documents kept by registrar.

Article 365A

Notice from the Registrar on keeping records - Prevalence of particulars entered in the register or published in the Official Gazette of the Republic.

Article 365B(7)

The Registrar of Companies ensures that the instruments and the documents referred to in paragraph 2 are available via the intra‑EU electronic system of interconnection of registers in standard message format and are electronically accessible, ensuring compliance with minimum security requirements for data transmission.

Article 366

Enforcement of duty of company to make returns to registrar, including the Annual Report and the Financial Statement for each year. (Articles 118 - 121)

How can you search in the Register?

You can search by the name and/or the company number. More guidelines on how to search appear on the search page

The Background of the Register

The on-line register of the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver includes all organisations registered from 1923 until the present day, including foreign companies, partnerships and business names.

Related Links

Link opens in new windowΤμήμα Εφόρου Εταιρειών και Επίσημου Παραλήπτη (Department of the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver)

Link opens in new windowhttp://www.mcit.gov.cy/mcit/mcit.nsf

Last update: 23/07/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.
Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Latvia

This section provides you with an overview of Latvia’s business register.

What does the Latvian business register offer?

Link opens in new windowThe Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republikas Uzņēmumu reģistrs) is a Latvian public body which registers companies, traders, their branches and representative offices and changes in their founding documents, and carries out other activities provided for in legislation. The Register of Enterprises also registers mass media, associations and foundations, commercial pledges, controlling interests, public-private partnership agreements and matrimonial property agreements, political parties, arbitration bodies, trade unions, religious organisations and religious institutions, and insolvency proceedings.

Do you have to pay to consult the business register?

Yes, there is no free online business register in Latvia.

However, using the search functions available on Link opens in new windowthe website of the Register of Enterprises the following basic information can be obtained free of charge on legal entities entered in the registers of the Register of Enterprises:

  • type of legal entity;
  • registered office;
  • new or current name or trade name and previously registered or historical name or trade name;
  • registration number;
  • Single Euro Payment Area beneficiary identification code (if allocated);
  • date of registration;
  • date of deletion of the legal entity from the register (or the date of reorganisation if the reason for the deletion is reorganisation);
  • deadline for registration of religious organisations that are subject to re-registration.

The Latvian Register of Enterprises offers the possibility of obtaining the following information about all registered legal entities free of charge as open data:

  • registration number;
  • name or trade name of the entity;
  • type of legal entity;
  • which register the entity is registered in;
  • date of registration;
  • information regarding deletion of the legal entity from the register or its reorganisation;
  • date of deletion of the legal entity from the register (or the date of reorganisation if the reason for the deletion is reorganisation);
  • registered office.

This information is provided in .csv, .txt or .xlsx data formats and it Link opens in new windowcan be accessed here. The user can choose the data format in accordance with its intended use.

All the entries in the business register are published electronically on the Link opens in new windowwebsite of the official gazette Latvijas Vēstnesis. The same procedure applies to the publication of documents submitted separately. Entries can be relied upon against third parties only after their publication in the official gazette, unless the relevant information was known to the third party before publication. However, if a third party can show that they were not aware and could not have been aware of published information, that information cannot be relied upon in respect of legal steps taken within 15 days of publication.

If the information to be entered in the business register is recorded or published incorrectly, a third party acting in good faith may rely on the published information even if it does not correspond to the entries in the business register or to the actual state of affairs. But a third party may not rely on information which has been published incorrectly if the third party was aware of the inaccuracy.

How to request information from the Latvian business register

The Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia provides information on all registered legal entities and legal facts.

Information can be obtained from the Register of Enterprises on payment of a fee, by submitting Link opens in new windowan information request form in person, by post, or by e-mail as an electronic document with a secure electronic signature and digital time stamp (in the last case the requested information is sent by the same means). The request must give details of the payment made to the Register of Enterprises (a document certifying payment, a copy of such a document, or an online banking printout). When requesting information, please indicate your preferred means of receipt (in person, by post or electronically). Requests can also be made online via the portal Link opens in new windowhttps://www.latvija.lv/epakalpojumi/ep120/apraksts.

Link opens in new windowA list of fees can be found on the internet.

How reliable are the documents included in the register?

All the entries in the business register are published in the official gazette Latvijas Vēstnesis and electronically on the official gazette’s website at www.vestnesis.lv. The same procedure applies to the publication of documents submitted separately.

Entries in the business register can be relied upon against third parties only after their publication in the official gazette Latvijas Vēstnesis, unless the relevant information was known to the third party before publication. However, if a third party can show that they were not aware and could not have been aware of published information, that information cannot be relied upon in respect of legal steps taken within 15 days of publication.

If the information to be entered in the business register is recorded or published incorrectly, a third party in good faith may rely on the published information even if it does not correspond to the entries in the business register or to the actual state of affairs. But a third party may not rely on information which has been published incorrectly if the third party was aware of the inaccuracy.

For more detailed information please see Link opens in new windowArticle 12 of the Commercial Law (Komerclikums) (a translation into English is also available on Link opens in new windowthe portal).

How to contact the Latvian business register

Contact details:

Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia
Pērses iela 2, Riga, Latvia, LV 1011
Telephone information line: 67031703 (Please note that legal advice is not provided)
Fax: 67031793
E-mail: Link opens in new windowinfo@ur.gov.lv

Link opens in new windowReception hours can be found on the internet.

History of the Latvian business register

The Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia was founded on 1 December 1990.

Links

Link opens in new windowRegister of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register (access provided by Lursoft)

Last update: 29/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Lithuania

This section provides an overview of the Lithuanian register of legal persons.

What information can be found in the Lithuanian register of legal persons?

The data in the Lithuanian register of legal persons (Lietuvos juridinių asmenų registras), the documents stored in the register and any other information supplied to the register are public. Data and documents on private and public legal persons are stored in the register of legal persons. A total of 26 different kinds of legal person appear in the register.

The following information is recorded in the register: legal person's name; code; legal form; legal status; legal person's registered office; legal person's bodies; members of the governing bodies (first name, surname, identity number, place of residence) and partners authorised to enter into a contract on behalf of the legal person and the extent of their rights; branches and representatives; restrictions on the legal person's activities; expiry of the term set for the legal person; financial year; dates when changes were made to documents and data in the register; information about physical persons able to enter into a contract on behalf of the legal person and other data provided for by law.

The register of legal persons also contains: documents on the establishment of legal persons, decisions of the bodies of the legal person, sets of annual financial reports submitted by companies and other documents provided for by law.

Link opens in new windowThe Lithuanian register of legal persons is managed and maintained by the State enterprise Registrų centras (Register Centre).

Is access to the Lithuanian register of legal persons free of charge?

The register can be searched for legal persons free of charge. The following information about the legal person is provided free of charge:

  • code
  • name
  • registered office
  • legal form
  • legal status.

A charge is made for more detailed data concerning legal persons, which are provided if:

The Link opens in new windowLithuanian register of legal persons provides the possibility of checking for free whether a name is not identical to names used by other legal persons, branches or representatives or names that have been recorded temporarily in the register.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

Once the register's manager has entered changes to data or information on legal persons in the register, these changes will be published no later than the following working day and the date on which they were registered will be published in the electronic information bulletin.

When the register's manager publishes extracts of information or data or copies of documents from the register, this indicates that, on the face of it, they are valid.

How to search the Lithuanian register of legal persons

Legal persons can be searched for in the register free of charge by using the following search criteria:

  • code
  • name
  • historical name.

Registered users who have signed a contract for the provision of services may carry out a search using the following criteria: code, name, physical person, legal person or foreign legal person.

The self-service system allows a legal person to be searched for by code, name and historical name (for legal persons that have changed their names).

History of the Lithuanian register of legal persons

The register of legal persons was created in 2004, though data on legal persons from earlier information systems have been transferred automatically since 1990.

Related links

Link opens in new windowRegister of legal persons

Last update: 18/02/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Lūdzu, ņemiet vērā, ka šai lapai nesen tika atjaunināta oriģinālvalodas franču versija. Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.

Business registers in Member States - Luxembourg

This page provides you with information regarding the options available for consulting the business register of Luxembourg.

What does the business register of Luxembourg offer?

Link opens in new windowThe business register (Registre de Commerce et des Sociétés (RCS)) is an official directory of all the natural and legal persons in business and other bodies referred to by the amended Act of 19 December 2002.

The business register operates under the authority of the Minister for Justice. The task of managing the business register is entrusted by the Minister for Justice to an economic interest grouping, GIE RCSL, comprising the State, the Chamber of Commerce (Chambre de Commerce) and the Chamber of Trades (Chambre des Métiers).

The aim of the business register is to:

  • ensure that persons for whom registration or listing is required by law can be identified, by keeping a permanent inventory,
  • provide greater security for transactions,
  • provide information to third parties.

The business register collects two types of data:

  • identification and legal data, such as the business or company name, its business activities, its registered capital, the composition of the board, the auditors, powers of signature and other data of this nature,
  • the annual accounts.

Contact

Office address

Postal address

Opening days and hours

Centre administratif Pierre Werner Bâtiment F
13, rue Erasme
Luxembourg - Kirchberg

Tel: (+352) 26 428-1

Fax: (+352) 26 42 85 55

E-Mail: helpdesk@rcsl.lu

Registre de Commerce et des Sociétés
L-2961 Luxembourg

Monday to Friday, 9.00 to 12.00 and 13.30 to 16.00

Is access to the business register free of charge?

The files may be consulted in the business register offices free of charge.

Some basic information is available free of charge on the Link opens in new windowbusiness register website:

  • RCS number,
  • date of registration,
  • name,
  • legal form,
  • registered office address,
  • a list of documents filed since 2006.

For a fee, it is possible to obtain:

  • an extract which provides an up-to-date summary of the data which a person on the business register must submit
  • an electronic copy of the documents filed with the business register.

The Link opens in new windowtable of fees charged is available online under the heading ‘informations générales-Tarifs’.

How to search the business register of Luxembourg

It is possible to perform a search on the website of the Link opens in new windowbusiness register by:

  • name (or part of a name) or
  • the registration number of the registered person.

The search engine of the site then displays a list of names matching the search criteria.

On clicking on the name of listed persons, the following information is displayed free of charge:

  • RCS number,
  • date of registration,
  • name,
  • legal form,
  • registered office address,
  • a list of documents filed since 2006.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

Pursuant to Article 9(4) of the Act on commercial companies of 10 August 1915, documents and extracts from documents have effects vis-à-vis third parties only from the date on which they are published in the Luxembourg Official Gazette (Mémorial C, Recueil des sociétés et associations), unless the company can demonstrate that those third parties were aware of them earlier. Third parties may, nevertheless, rely on documents and extracts that have not been published.

Where a transaction takes place before the 16th day following the date of publication, these documents and extracts have no effect vis-à-vis third parties who can demonstrate that they had no way of knowing about them.

In the event of a discrepancy between the text that was filed and the text that was published in the Official Gazette, the text published cannot be relied upon against third parties. However, third parties themselves may invoke it, unless the company can demonstrate that they were in fact aware of the text that was filed.

History of the business register of Luxembourg

The business register has existed since 1909.

Since 2003, it has operated under the authority of the Minister of Justice and its management is entrusted to the economic interest grouping, GIE RCSL. Since that date, it has undergone a process of complete computerisation.

The documents filed with the business register since 1 January 2006 are systematically digitalised and made available in electronic form for consultation on the website.

The documents filed since the creation of the business register in 1909 are in the process of being digitalised and are made available to the public once they are ready.

The business register will then be available for consultation in electronic format in its entirety.

Related Links

Link opens in new windowBusiness register

Last update: 16/06/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Hungary

This section provides a brief overview of Hungary’s business register.

What does the Hungarian business register offer?

The business register contains data on registered companies and corporate documents, which serve as the basis for registration. The data in the business register (on the companies registered therein) is managed by the courts in their capacity as courts of registration. Company information and corporate documents are stored electronically. The data of companies registered at any Hungarian court of registration are available free of charge on the website of the Service of Company Information and Electronic Company Registration of the Ministry of Justice (Company Information Service, Link opens in new windowhttps://www.e-cegjegyzek.hu/).

You can access the following information (existing or no longer valid) that is present in the business register at the time of your request:

  • corporate registration number;
  • company name;
  • head office (székhely);
  • business facility(ies) (telephelyek);
  • branch(es) (fióktelepek);
  • activity(ies);
  • issued share capital;
  • tax number;
  • whether bankruptcy, liquidation or final settlement proceedings have been initiated;
  • whether a (former) executive officer or manager of a business association, pursuant to Section 3:22 of Act V of 2013 on the Civil Code, cannot be an executive officer or manager of another business association.

On the first day of each week, the following information is updated:

  1. All company data in the business register (stored company extract) (tárolt cégkivonat), plus data on requests for registration or changes in registration not yet incorporated in the register.
  2. Company information includes:
  • ownership status (members or shareholders) and the legal representatives of legal persons, business associations without legal personality (jogi személyiség nélküli gazdasági társaság), or other associations;
  • powers of representation and membership of the supervisory board, for natural persons.

On the first day of each week, the updated information can also be found using the search engine.

The business register stores company information also on the basis of other criteria (data that is no longer valid may also be accessed) and corporate documents may also be accessed in addition to company information. The data may be accessed at Courts of Registration and via the Company Information Service, while authentic or non-certified copies of corporate documents and company information can be obtained against payment of an administrative fee.

Is access to the Hungarian business register free of charge?

The contents of the Hungarian business register are accessible to the above mentioned extent, free of charge, at <Link opens in new windowhttps://www.e-cegjegyzek.hu/?ceginformacio>. Accessing all further content is subject to a charge.

How to search the Hungarian business register

Company information can be searched using one of the following criteria:

- company name;

- corporate registration number;

- tax number.

To which extent can the information in the register be relied upon?

The data referred to in Article 2 of Directive 2009/101/EC is accessible online free of charge, for companies registered in Hungary.

In Hungary, public company information is provided by the court of registration, the Company Information Service, or is published in the Company Gazette. The Company Gazette is the official journal of the Ministry of Justice, and can be accessed free of charge at Link opens in new windowhttp://www.e-cegkozlony.gov.hu/. When it publishes data from the business register relating to a joint-stock company or a limited liability company, the court of registration also publishes in the Company Gazette the company’s articles of association or any amendments thereto, which are uploaded daily.

The data in the business register is managed by the courts in their capacity as courts of registration. Company information and corporate documents are stored electronically. The data of companies registered at any Hungarian court of registration are available free of charge on the website of the Service of Company Information and Electronic Company Registration of the Ministry of Justice (Company Information Service, Link opens in new windowhttps://www.e-cegjegyzek.hu/).

History of the Hungarian business register

Since July 1993, when the National System of Company Information and Company Registration (Országos Céginformációs és Cégnyilvántartási Rendszer) became fully operational, data in the business register has been entered electronically by the courts.

The system response time between any two courts is only a matter of minutes.

Last update: 19/09/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Malta

This section provides an overview of Malta's business register.

What does the Maltese business register offer?

The Link opens in new windowMaltese business register includes general information on companies in Malta.

The Register is a part of the Link opens in new windowMalta Financial Services Authority (MFSA), which is legally responsible for keeping the national registry of companies up to date. The MFSA website provides information on financial services legislation, including:

  • Acts of Parliament and relevant Legal Notices (with links to the Link opens in new windowMaltese Ministry for Justice, Culture and Local Government);
  • Rules;
  • Licences;
  • Circulars;
  • Brochures;
  • Notices; and
  • other information issued by the MFSA together with other material pertinent to financial services regulation in Malta.

Is access to the Maltese business register free of charge?

General information on the Maltese business register is available to the public free of charge, although users are charged for access to some areas of the website.

The MFSA website is available to the public free of charge.

How to search the Maltese business register?

Registered users of the Registry's online system can access the Registry database free of charge. There are no subscription fees to become a registered user. There is a charge for downloading documents on individual companies from the website, but users can search the database for information free of charge. Anyone can therefore search for a company by entering its name, a part of its name or its registration number. Other information available free of charge includes the registered offices of the company and the names of its directors, company secretary and shareholders.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

The 1995 Companies Act, Chapter 386 of the Laws of Malta, is the main law governing Limited Liability Companies registered in Malta and includes provisions enabling third parties to rely on documents and other particulars in the register, as shown below:

All documents and statutory notices submitted by companies for registration are signed/authenticated by the signature of a director or company secretary of the company. Documents and statutory notices are received by the Registrar of Companies in good faith. The company officer signing is responsible for the content of the document. It is a criminal offence in Malta for a person to give a false declaration or statement in any document intended for any public authority in order to gain any advantage or benefit for himself or others.

History of the Maltese business register

Company law was introduced in Malta by the Commercial Partnerships Ordinance of 1962. The Register originally came under the Commerce Department, a Government department. It became a part of the Malta Financial Services Authority in 1997 following the introduction of the new Companies Act in 1995. All of the documents registered for existing companies were scanned and an electronic file was created for each company. Remote access to the companies database and the documents included therein was initially available via a direct dial-in system, which was updated to the internet in 2000. In late 2004 a new web-based system was launched, and in 2006 an electronic file system using digital signatures was introduced.

Related links

Link opens in new windowMaltese Registry of Companies

Link opens in new windowMalta Financial Services Authority

Link opens in new windowWebsite of the Ministry for Justice, Culture and Local Government

Last update: 05/10/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Lūdzu, ņemiet vērā, ka šai lapai nesen tika atjaunināta oriģinālvalodas nīderlandiešu versija. Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.

Business registers in Member States - Netherlands

This section provides you with an overview of the Dutch business register.

What does the Dutch business register offer?

The Dutch business register is owned and maintained by the Dutch Chamber of Commerce (Kamer van Koophandel), as authorised by the government through the Business Register Act.

The register offers an overview of all (legal) relevant information on all relevant economic relevant entities in the Netherlands. All entities are registered. This includes:

  • Companies (private and public limited companies: BVs and NVs)
  • Sole traders
  • Associations
  • Foundations
  • Professionals (e.g. lawyers, doctors, artists)
  • Owners' associations
  • Churches and
  • Government offices.

The amount of data registered varies according to the legal form of the organisation. The most important registered data are:

  • (Legally registered) Name
  • Other trading names
  • Seat
  • Addresses
  • Capital (shares)
  • Directors
  • Persons with power of attorney
  • Branches
  • Contact details
  • Activities (according to NACE classification).

The register contains approximately 2.5 million entities.

According to Dutch law, the information in the register is valid (and binding for third parties), unless otherwise indicated. The obligation to register (and register any changes) lies with the organisations themselves. Every change must be registered within one week of its being made.

Registration does not form part of the process of establishing a company in the Netherlands. From a legal point of view, a company can exist in the Netherlands without being registered. Thus, although it is illegal not to register, a non-registered company does exist and can act as a company (contrary to, e.g., the situation in the UK).

Dutch (un)limited companies also have to file their annual account with the business register. This applies to approximately 900 000 companies. The majority have only to file a balance sheet, while large companies (approx. 20 000) must also file their profit and loss account.

Is access to the Dutch business register free of charge?

The basic information on the Dutch business register is available free of charge through the internet, but for some services (e.g. official extracts) a fee is payable.

Organisations pay just once to be registered in the business register. There is no annual fee, nor do they have to pay for filing changes.

To which extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

Directive 2012/17/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 June 2012 amending Council Directive 89/666/EEC and Directives 2005/56/EC and 2009/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerns the interconnection of central, commercial and companies registers. It provides for the creation of a European central platform. The system of interconnected registers then consists of this platform, the registers of the Member States and a portal which serves as the European electronic access point.

The Directive sets two deadlines for entry into force. With the exception of a small number of articles, Member States had to comply with the provisions of the Directive by 7 July 2014. The remaining articles must be transposed within two years of the European Commission adopting the implementing acts.

Dutch legislation already complies with the requirements laid down in the articles in question. No further amendments to the 2007 Business Register Act or the secondary legislation based on it are required in order to meet either of the deadlines for transposition. A notice to this effect was published in Link opens in new windowthe Government Gazette of 4 July 2014.

How to search the Dutch business register

You can search the Link opens in new windowDutch business register by:

  • (Part of the) company name
  • Official business register number
  • Address and
  • Postal code range.

History of the Dutch business register

Information dates from the start of the current register (1920). Data are also available for older companies.

Links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register, Link opens in new windowKamer van Koophandel

Last update: 07/10/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Austria

This section of the portal provides an overview of the commercial register in Austria.

What does the Austrian commercial register offer?

The Link opens in new windowcommercial register (Firmenbuch, also known as the ‘principal register’ (Hauptbuch)) contains information on all registered Austrian businesses (see Section 2 of the Commercial Register Act (Firmenbuchgesetz - FBG)). The documents on which those entries are based are stored in an electronic document archive kept by the Ministry of Justice. The company information and the document collection are available to the public online, but access is chargeable.

Company data is also available to Austrian authorities through the portal of the Federal Computing Centre (BRZ). EU members can access the data through the Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register (EBR).

Is access to the commercial register free of charge?

Access to the Austrian commercial register is chargeable.

How to search the commercial register

Anyone may access the commercial register database to obtain information on entries in the register.

A copy of the current data can be retrieved by entering the commercial register number (Firmenbuchnummer). Data that have been deleted can also be obtained on request (provided they are available electronically). Enquiries may also concern entries that have been recorded, amended or deleted recently.

Public access to the commercial register database is provided by Link opens in new windowfirms known as ‘clearing houses’ (Verrechnungsstellen) contracted by the Ministry of Justice to handle enquiries. They provide chargeable services, such as answering enquiries relating to the commercial register or providing certified copies of entries in the register that are equivalent to officially produced certificates.

But a public document certifying the status of a firm in the commercial register for the use of a public authority can be issued only by a regional court (commercial register office (Firmenbuchabteilung)).

How reliable are the documents contained in the register?

In accordance with Article 3a of Directive 2009/101/EC as amended by Directive 2012/17/EU, Member States must explain the provisions of national law according to which third parties can rely on the particulars and documents regarding companies referred to in Article 2 (e.g. power of representation of a body, articles of association). This information sheet sets out the legal situation in Austria.

In Austria, in accordance with Article 2 of Directive 2009/101/EC, the particulars and documents regarding public limited companies (Aktiengesellschaften - AG) and private limited companies (Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung - GmbH) must be made available in the commercial register, the legal bases of which are the Commercial Code (Unternehmensgesetzbuch - UGB) and the Commercial Register Act (Firmenbuchgesetz - FBG). The commercial register is maintained by the courts in the form of an electronic register. It consists of the principal register, in which legal facts (e.g. power of representation of bodies) are entered and deleted, and the document collection, which contains relevant documents (e.g. articles of association).

In accordance with Link opens in new window§ 10(1) of the UGB, entries in the commercial register must be communicated in the legal notices database (Ediktsdatei, which is freely available online) on the one hand, and in the Wiener Zeitung Official Gazette on the other. This communication is deemed to take place at the time when the relevant data are entered in the legal notices database.

The effects of entries in the commercial register vis-à-vis third parties are regulated by Link opens in new window§ 15 of the UGB, which states that a fact which should have been entered in the commercial register, but was not, cannot be invoked by the company concerned against a third party, provided the third party was not already aware of the fact in question (paragraph 1). Once a fact has been entered, a third party must accept the fact as binding on it. However, this does not apply to legal actions brought within 15 days of the announcement, in so far as the third party can prove that the fact was neither known nor had needed to be known by him (paragraph 2). The company must also accept incorrect entries as binding on it vis-à-vis a third party in commercial transactions if it made the incorrect entry itself or did not delete an entry which it knew or should have known to be incorrect. However, the company does not have to accept incorrect entries as binding on it if it can prove either that the third party did not trade on the assumption that the entry was correct, or that the third party knew it was incorrect or did not know as a result of gross negligence (paragraph 3).

The binding version of the articles of association of an AG or a GmbH is always that which appears in the commercial register, as any amendment to the articles of association has no legal effect until it is entered in the commercial register (Link opens in new window§ 148(3) of the Law on Public Limited Companies (Aktiengesetz - AktG), Link opens in new window§ 49(2) of the Law on Private Limited Companies (GmbH-Gesetz - GmbHG)).

History of the commercial register

The entries in the commercial register were originally stored on paper. When the register was automated in 1991, the paper data was transferred to an electronic database. Since then all data, both current and historical, has been available electronically.

Related links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register

Link opens in new windowGeneral information on the Austrian commercial register

Link opens in new windowLegal notices database of the Austrian judiciary

Link opens in new windowFull legal text of the UGB

Link opens in new windowFull legal text of the FBG

Link opens in new windowFull legal text of the AktG

Link opens in new windowFull legal text of the GmbHG

Last update: 23/05/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Poland

This section provides you with an overview of Poland's business register.

What does the Polish business register offer?

Link opens in new windowThe Polish Business Register (the National Court Register) is operated and managed by the Link opens in new windowPolish Ministry of Justice

It provides information about companies, foundations, associations and other entities.

More specifically, the register contains various types of information related to these entities:

  • National Court Register number (KRS number)
  • REGON number (the number in the central economic activity list)
  • Name
  • Legal character and status
  • Date of registration in the National Court Register
  • Address details
  • Important dates (dates of entry and removal)
  • Competent authorities
  • Persons entitled to representation.

Is access to the Polish business register free of charge?

Yes, access to the register is free.

How to search the Polish business register

You can search the Polish business register by using the following search terms:

  • National Court Register number (KRS number), or
  • The name of the entity.

How reliable are the documents contained in the register?

Under Polish law, the issue of protecting third parties in connection with the provision of information and documents covered by Directive 2009/101/EC is regulated in the Act of 20 August 1997 on the National Court Register (Journal of Laws 2013, item 1203).

In accordance with the provisions of the Act of 20 August 1997 on the National Court Register (Journal of Laws 2013, item 1203):

Article 12.
1. The data contained in the register may not be removed, unless the law provides otherwise.

2. If it appears that there is a register entry containing manifest errors or non-compliance with the order of the court, the court shall automatically correct the entry.

3. If the register contains data that are inadmissible in terms of the law, the registry court, after having given a hearing to the persons concerned at a meeting or after having ordered them to submit a written statement, shall automatically remove the data.

Article 13.
1. Register entries shall be subject to publication in the Economic and Court Journal, unless the law provides otherwise.

Article 14.
An entity that is required to submit an application for entry in the register may not, against third parties acting in good faith, invoke data which have not been entered in, or have been removed from, the register.

Article 15.
1. From the date of publication in the Economic and Court Journal, nobody may plead ignorance of published entries. However, with regard to acts carried out before the sixteenth day after publication, the entity entered in the register may not invoke the entry against a third party if the latter proves that it could not have been aware of the content of the entry.

2. In case of discrepancies between the register entry and its publication in the Economic and Court Journal, the register entry shall be legally binding. However, a third party may invoke the content published in the Economic and Court Journal, unless the registered entity proves that the third party was aware of the content of the register entry.

3. A third party may invoke documents and data for which the obligation of publication has not yet been satisfied, provided that non-publication does not deprive them of legal effect.

Article 17.
1. The data in the register shall be presumed to be correct.

2. If the data entered in the register do not conform to the entity's application, or if there is no application, the entity may not, against a third party acting in good faith, plead that the data are incorrect if it failed to immediately submit an application to amend, supplement or delete the entry.”

History of the Polish business register

The register has been in operation since January 2007.

Useful links

Link opens in new windowAct of 20 August 1997 on the National Court Register

Last update: 18/10/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.
Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Portugal

This page provides you with an overview of Portugal's business and justice portals.

Business Register

The purpose of the business register is to publicise the legal situation of sole traders, commercial companies, civil law companies having a commercial form, individual establishments with limited liability, cooperatives, public enterprises, additional company groups and European Economic Interest Groups, plus individuals and associations required by law to register. Only facts supported by documentary evidence can be registered. These documents are archived electronically.

The business register confers legal personality on commercial companies and registration is usually compulsory. As a rule, facts about companies are set out in a specific document. In most cases, it is enough to produce the minutes and the decision taken by the shareholders.

Businesses must register within two months of the date of incorporation. The validity of an application is assessed by the official responsible on the basis of the legal provisions applicable, the documents produced and previous registrations, with particular care taken to check the legitimacy of the parties concerned, the lawfulness of the deeds and the validity of the acts set out in the deeds.

In Portugal the business register is governed by the Business Registry Code, adopted by Decree-Law No 403/86 of 3 December 1986, and is the responsibility of the business registry offices throughout the country; these offices are external services of the Institute of Registrars and Notaries (IRN), a public body under aegis of the Ministry of Justice.

Business registry offices may be independent services or work in liaison with other registries (land, civil and IRN services). Commercial acts may be registered at any business registry office, there being no geographical limitations on their area of competence.

What commercial companies are required to register:

  • incorporation;
  • decisions taken by the general assembly concerning purchases of goods by the company, where required by law;
  • facts relating to company shares, the dismissal and exclusion of shareholders from partnerships and limited partnerships, the abolition of shares as a result of the death of a shareholder, the admission of new shareholders with unlimited liability, the depreciation of shares and dismissal and exclusion of shareholders in shareholder companies, decisions on the depreciation, conversion and redemption of shares, and the issuing of bonds;
  • the appointment and dismissal of members of the board of directors and management boards and of the company secretary;
  • presentation of accounts;
  • change in registered office;
  • a merger or division plan, or plan to incorporate a European limited liability company, or a company extension or internal or crossborder merger or division, or the transformation or dissolving of a company;
  • facts relating to the company's capital and any other changes to the company’s articles of association;
  • facts relating to the company's liquidators.
  • the completion of liquidation or the company’s resumption of operations;
  • decisions on total control by one company of another, in a company group, and subordination contracts (contrato de subordinação);
  • issuing of stock warrants;
  • acts, decisions and orders that must be registered;
  • commercial representation or agency contracts, when in writing, any amendments made to such contracts and the expiry of them;
  • the establishment of permanent representation;
  • any other facts which must by law be entered in the business register.

Access to information

Any person may request extracts from the register and the corresponding electronic documents.

Paper extracts must be applied for at registry offices but the relevant information may be accessed on the one-stop-shop website for entrepreneurs (Balcão do Empreendedor) in the form of an electronic extract on the entity's legal situation, which is constantly updated and available in Portuguese and English at:

Link opens in new windowhttp://bde.portaldocidadao.pt/EVO/Services/Online/Pedidos.aspx?serviceCPem

The search is made using the tax identification number of the entity (Número de Identificação Coletiva – NIPC), which is the entity's registration number in the business register as well as its tax number.

A search for published company acts may be carried out on the official website on the basis of the NIPC, the district or the type of act.

Public authorities may also carry out searches using the name of the entity subject to registration or its NIPC or via the Webservice made available with the authorisation of the IRN.

Costs of information

Information on registered acts is available, free of charge, on the official website for publication of company acts. Publication is immediate and automatic once registration is completed and can be searched by anyone.

Extracts from the register and of related documents, whether in paper or electronic form, must be paid for.

Access to electronic extracts is available for a subscription of EUR 25 a year and subscriptions for two, three or four years can be taken out. Searches must be made using the NIPC. Following payment, the information can be obtained by entering a certificate code.

The same procedure can be used to request electronic extracts of documents stored in the data base, in other words documents used as a basis for registration from January 2011 and also certified copies of updated company memorandums.

Legal effects of the business register

The facts to be recorded and published in the business register are enforceable only after the date of publication.

The final register constitutes a presumption of the legal situation (Article 11 of the Business Register Code).

All information about the identity of the company (legal status, name, registered office, purpose, identification of members of company organs, etc.) and most of the facts subject to registration come from transcribed records; this means that they enjoy a presumption that the legal situation as mentioned in the register exists.

The exception to this rule are deposited records, a form of registration where responsibility for checking the legal compliance of the documents submitted for registration lies with the company. The registrar merely verifies the legitimacy of the applicant for registration. This registration serves as a public notification, and does not enjoy a presumption of truth. Records of shareholdings have this status.

Article 153 of the Land Register Code, a law applicable in the alternative to the business register, provides that any person who registers a false or legally non-existent document may, in addition to criminal liability, become liable for the damage which is thus caused. It is further laid down that any person who makes or confirms inaccurate or false declarations at the registry or elsewhere in order to have records entered or the necessary documents drawn up is equally liable.

According to Article 348A of the Criminal Code, whoever falsely declares or certifies to the public authority or public official in the performance of their duties, an identity, status or other quality to which the law confers legal effect, of their own or of others, and such declarations are to be entered in an authentic document, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for up to two years or to a fine.

Last update: 20/10/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Romania

This section provides an overview of the Romanian Trade Register, kept by the Ministry of Justice – National Trade Register Office

What information does the Romanian Trade Register hold?

Romania’s Link opens in new windowNational Trade Register Office is a public body with legal personality, under the authority of the Ministry of Justice. The Office is responsible for keeping, organising and managing the central computerised trade register.

There are a number of Trade Register offices under the authority of the National Trade Register Office, in Bucharest and in each of the 41 counties in Romania. They are responsible for keeping, organising and managing local trade registers.

In accordance with Law No 26/1990, the Trade Register contains information relating to the professionals entered in the register, as follows:

  • companies;
  • national companies;
  • national enterprises;
  • public corporations;
  • cooperative companies;
  • cooperative organisations;
  • economic interest groupings;
  • European economic interest groupings;
  • European companies;
  • European cooperative companies;
  • sole traders;
  • sole proprietorships;
  • family businesses, and
  • other natural or legal persons provided for by law.

The Trade Register records all documents, acts, mentions and the identity of the professionals concerned, the recording of which is required by law, and any other acts or documents expressly provided for by law.

The Link opens in new windowTrade Register's website provides the following:

1. documents;

2. information and services organised into sections and services;

3. information relating to the National Trade Register Office and the Trade Register offices attached to tribunals;

4. various items of public information - free access;

5. forms used by the institution;

6. formalities for entering records in the Trade Register for each category of professional and operations;

7. statistical data regarding the operations recorded.

  • history of the institution
  • ORC [Trade Register Office] network
  • forms (for professionals, etc.) and formalities
  • charges and fees for ONRC [National Trade Register Office] services
  • services
  • legislation
  • statistical data
  • media

The online services provided by the National Trade Register Office are available on its Link opens in new windowe-services portal, which has been developed through the Sectoral Operational Programme ‘Increasing Economic Competitiveness’, ‘Investments for your future!’ under the project ‘Online services (e-Government) provided by the National Trade Register Office to the business community via a dedicated portal’.

The online services provided by the National Trade Register Office via the e-services portal include the following:

  • InfoCert;
  • Recom online;
  • Verification of availability of company name and online reservation of company name;
  • Preliminary checks (availability and/or reservation of name/logo for legal/natural persons, sole proprietorships/family businesses);
  • Entering records in the Trade Register and authorising legal persons;
  • Updating the contact details of the companies registered in the Trade Register;
  • Obtaining up-to-date information regarding the company's past activities, statistical data;
  • Issuing documents (certificates);
  • State of the case;
  • Notification of applications submitted to the Trade Register;
  • Decisions postponing applications submitted to the Trade Register;
  • Publication of information on the various situations of legal persons;
  • Statistical data (operations in the central trade register, companies with foreign capital);
  • Trade Register offline form.

The 'Recom online' service provides the following information on professionals:

  • name and form of organisation;
  • identification information (order number in Trade Register, European Unique Identifier, Unique Registration Code, registered office, company contact details (telephone, fax);
  • registered office (document proving the registered office, date from which proof of registered office is valid, date of expiry of the proof of registered office, duration of registered office);
  • subscribed and paid-in capital;
  • main activity of the professional declared/authorised;
  • secondary activities of the professional declared/authorised;
  • data regarding the identification of the associated natural and legal persons;
  • data regarding the identification of the directors;
  • data regarding the logos:
  • data regarding branches/subsidiaries/subdivisions (registered office, telephone);
  • data regarding secondary offices/working locations (registered office, telephone);
  • data regarding registered offices and/or activities authorised under Article 15 of Law No 359/2004;
  • data regarding property rights;
  • data regarding arrangements with creditors;
  • data regarding facts covered by Article 21(e) to (h) of Law 26/1990;
  • data regarding the other mentions;
  • data regarding the balance sheet (turnover, average number of employees, gross profit), where such information has been provided by the Ministry of Public Finance.

Is access to Romania's Trade Register free of charge?

The information provided by the Trade Register can be accessed Link opens in new windowonline via the e-services portal of the National Trade Register Office. Access to the information is allowed after registration as a user (by creating a username and password) and is free of charge.

The information in the National Trade Register Office portal is structured by services provided. Some information may be accessed free of charge, some for a fee, in accordance with the legislation in force.

The information available includes the following:

  • General information for persons interested in carrying out certain regulated activities, as applicable (professionals, natural persons, legal persons, public bodies and authorities, etc.), is available Link opens in new windowhere.
  • The subscription-based component of the ‘Recom online’ service is available after conclusion of a contract with the beneficiary. Access is ensured 24 hours a day.
  • E-forms.
  • The status of applications for registration in the Trade Register can be accessed free of charge.
  • The section regarding the decisions postponing registration applications submitted to the Trade Register can be consulted free of charge.
  • Certain public information (financial statements, voluntary dissolutions, statutory dissolutions, etc.) can be accessed free of charge.

All sections of the website Link opens in new windowhttps://www.onrc.ro/index.php/en/ can be accessed free of charge and are available 24 hours a day.

How to search Romania’s Trade Register

The information available free of charge through the service Link opens in new windowRecom on-line can be searched using the following criteria:

  • name of the professional;
  • Trade Register number;
  • unique registration number;
  • county where the registered office is located;

General information for interested persons available free-of-charge from the online Recom service includes:

  • name of the professional registered in the Trade Register;
  • Trade Register number;
  • European Unique Identifier (EUID);
  • unique registration number;
  • address of the registered office/professional;
  • company status (e.g. function, dissolution, liquidation, bankruptcy, deregistered);

History of Romania's Trade Register

The Trade Register was set up in 1990, pursuant to Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register.

A dedicated portal providing new online services to the business community and other interested persons was launched in the second half of 2011.

Objectives of the Link opens in new windowNational Trade Register Office:

  • informing the business community, public bodies, the media and other interested persons on operations in the Trade Register;
  • reducing the time needed to access information;
  • reducing congestion at the Trade Register offices;
  • reducing the time needed to submit registration documents to the Trade Register;
  • simplifying procedures for the registration of professionals, the provision of financial information, and requests for information and documents;
  • providing online applicants with real-time information on data in the Trade Register.

To what extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

The Romanian Trade Register has been set up and operates in accordance with Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended. Authorisation for the establishment of entities subject to the obligation to be entered in the Trade Register, the operation thereof and registrations in the Trade Register, and registration of any amendment to the founding documents, or other aspects expressly provided for, is issued in accordance with Law No 26/1990, Government Emergency Order No 116/2009, Law No 359/2004, and the Implementing rules for keeping trade registers, recording operations and providing information, approved by Order No 2594/C/2008 of the Minister of Justice. The specific aspects of each type of activity that is subject to the obligation to be entered in the Trade Register are governed by specific legislative acts. The most important are Company Law No 31/1990, Law No 1/2005 on the organisation and functioning of cooperatives, Agricultural Cooperatives Law 566/2004, Government Emergency Order No 44/2008 on the performance of business activities by sole traders, sole proprietorships and family businesses, and Law No 161/2003 on certain measures for ensuring transparency in holding public office, exercising public functions or conducting business, and for preventing and penalising corruption.

The national provisions below state that third parties can rely on the information and documents in the Trade Register, in accordance with Article 17 of Directive (EU) of 2017/1132 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2017 relating to certain aspects of company law.

  1. Article 1(1) of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended, states that ‘before starting an economic activity, the following natural or legal persons shall apply to be registered or entered, as applicable, in the Trade Register: sole traders, sole proprietorships and family businesses, companies, national enterprises and national companies, public corporations, economic interest groupings, cooperative companies, cooperative organisations, European companies, European cooperative companies, and European economic interest groupings with main offices in Romania, and other natural or legal persons as provided for by law.’

    Furthermore, Article 1(2) of the aforementioned Law states that ‘in the course of their activity or at the end thereof, the natural and legal persons referred to in paragraph (1) shall request that mentions relating to documents and acts subject to statutory registration be entered in the same register.
  1. Provision of information entered in the Trade Register and the issuance of copies of related documents take place in accordance with Article 4 of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended.

(1) The Trade Register is publicly available.

(2) The Trade Register Office shall provide, at the expense of the person registering the request, information, extracts from the register and certificates regarding the data registered in the Trade Register and certificates confirming whether or not a given document or act has been recorded, copies and certified copies of the records in the register and the documents submitted, for which a fee will be charged.

(3) The documents referred to in paragraph (2) may also be requested and issued by post.

(4) The documents mentioned in paragraph (2), in electronic format, with an extended electronic signature included, attached or linked, may be requested and issued by electronic means via the online services portal of the National Trade Register Office. They may also be requested via the electronic Point of Single Contact (PSC), in accordance with Government Emergency Order No 49/2009 on the freedom of establishment of service providers and the freedom to provide services in Romania, as amended by Law No 68/2010.

(5) The charges for providing copies and/or information, regardless of the method of delivery, may not exceed the administrative costs incurred for the provision thereof.

Art. 41

(1) Electronic copies of the documents and information referred to in Article 4 shall also be made available to the public through the trade registers interconnection system, at the applicant’s expense.

(2) The charges levied for providing copies and/or information from the Trade Register through the trade registers interconnection system shall not exceed the associated administrative costs.

The enforceability of the documents and acts of persons subject to the obligation to be entered in the Trade Register is provided for under Article 5 of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended:

(1) Registration and mentions may be enforced against third parties as from the date they are entered in the Trade Register or published in Part IV of the Official Gazette of Romania, or in another publication, as provided for by law.
(2) Persons subject to the obligation to request that a record be entered may not claim enforceability against third parties of unrecorded documents or acts, unless they can prove that the latter were aware of those documents and acts.
(3) The National Trade Register Office shall publish on its website and on the online services portal and submit for publication on the European e-Justice Portal up-to-date information on national law as regards the advertising and enforceability against third parties of documents, acts and mentions of persons required to register in the commercial register.’

Moreover, companies are subject to special provisions in this respect, i.e. Articles 50-53 of Companies Law No 31/1990, republished, as amended:

Article 50
(1)Documents or acts that have not been publicised as stipulated by the law cannot be enforced against third parties, unless the company can prove that the latter were aware of them.

(2) Any operations carried out by a company before the 16th day from publication in Part IV of the Official Gazette of Romania of the report of the hearing judge (at present, applications can be decided on by the Director of the Trade Register Office/person appointed by the Director-General of the National Trade Register Office, in accordance with Government Emergency Order No 116/2009, as amended) shall not be enforceable against third parties, if the latter can prove that it was impossible to know of such operations.

Article 51
However, third parties may invoke documents or acts that have not been publicised, unless the fact that they were not publicised cancels their effect.

Article 52
(1) In the event of inconsistency between the text submitted to the Trade Register office and the text published in Part IV of the Official Gazette of Romania, or in the newspapers, the company cannot enforce the published text against third parties. Third parties may enforce the published text against the company, unless the company can prove that they were aware of the text submitted to the Trade Register office.

Article 12(1) of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended, states as follows:

(1) The Trade Register shall consist of a register for recording legal persons that are companies, national companies or national enterprises, public corporations, economic interest groupings, cooperative organisations, European companies, European economic interest groupings, or other legal persons expressly provided for by law with main or secondary offices in Romania, a register for recording legal persons that are cooperative companies or European cooperative companies with main or secondary offices in Romania, and a register for recording sole traders, sole proprietorships and family businesses with professional or secondary offices in Romania. These registers shall be kept in a computerised system.

  1. Article 6(1) of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended, in conjunction with Article 1 of Government Emergency Order No 116/2009 on introducing certain measures relating to entering records in the Trade Register, approved with amendments by Law No 84/2010states that ‘records are entered in the Trade Register based on the decision of the Director of the Trade Register Office/person appointed by the Director-General of the National Trade Register Office or, where applicable, a final court judgment, except where the law provides otherwise’.

    Article 26(1) of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended, states that ‘The date of recording in the Trade Register is the date when the record was actually entered in the Register.

    Article 26(1) of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended, states that ‘records in the Trade Register are entered within 24 hours of the date of the decision issued by the Director of the Trade Register office/person appointed by the Director-General of the National Trade Register Office, and in the case of registration of a professional, within 24 hours of the date of the decision authorising the registration’.

Under Article 51(2) of Law No 26/1990 on the Trade Register, republished, as amended, ‘records in the Trade Register are entered electronically, both at the Trade Register offices attached to tribunals and in the central computerised register.

More information available Link opens in new windowhere.

Related links

Link opens in new windowOfficial website of Romania's Trade Register

Link opens in new windowE-services portal of Romania's National Trade Register Office

Related documents

LAW No 26/1990PDF

GOVERNMENT EMERGENCY ORDER No 116/2009PDF(255 Kb)ro

IMPLEMENTING RULES of 10 October 2008 on keeping trade registersPDF(1034 Kb)ro

LAW No 359/2004PDF(527 Kb)ro

Last update: 18/11/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Lūdzu, ņemiet vērā, ka šai lapai nesen tika atjaunināta oriģinālvalodas slovēņu versija. Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.

Business registers in Member States - Slovenia

This section provides you with an overview of Slovenia's business register.

What does the Slovenian Business Register (Poslovni register Slovenije) offer?

The Slovenian Business Register (PRS) is managed by the Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Public Legal Records and Related Services (Agencija Republike Slovenije za javnopravne evidence in storitve – AJPES).

The Slovenian Business Register is the central public database of information on all businesses with a registered office in Slovenia which are engaged in gainful or not-for-profit activities and information on subsidiaries and other divisions of those businesses. The register also contains information on the subsidiaries of foreign businesses performing activities in Slovenia. The register includes the following categories:

  • companies (partnerships and corporations)
  • sole traders
  • legal entities governed by public law
  • legal entities governed by private law
  • societies
  • natural persons performing registered or regulated activities
  • subsidiaries and other divisions of businesses
  • main offices of foreign businesses
  • other units.

A range of registration data is available for each entry in the Slovenian Business Register (identification number, company name, tax number, details on representatives and founders, etc.).

  • direct access to information via the ePRS application, and
  • provision of information for re-use.

What does it include?

ePRS application

The Link opens in new windowePRS application allows users to access information on individual entries in the Slovenian business register for businesses engaged in economic activities within the Republic of Slovenia.

Is access to the Slovenian business register free of charge?

Access is free of charge, but users must log in to the portal (new users must register first).

How to search the Slovenian business register

Users must log in to the portal to be able to search the register. Data can be accessed by entering the search criteria in one or more fields, or by selecting the search criteria from the drop-down menu. The search criterion may be any of the following: data item, part of a data item (word), or beginning of a word. Searches are possible by identification number, tax number, company name, street name and number, municipality, etc.

Updating

Data are updated daily.

Provision of information for re-use:

AJPES provides the following services for the Link opens in new windowre-use of information from the business register:

  • daily, weekly or monthly delivery of data on all entries in long or short format,
  • monthly delivery of data on businesses listed in the court register (Sodni register) in long or short format,
  • monthly delivery of data on sole proprietors in long or short format,
  • delivery of data via an internet service in long, short or minimum format (see),
  • delivery of data based on a specific order in long or short format,
  • processing of collected data according to criteria set by the user (numerical data).

Every three months AJPES offers a free overview of the entire Slovenian business register in XML form with a set selection of information for re-use.

Pricing

AJPES charges fees for the re-use of public information from the Slovenian business register, as laid down in the
Link opens in new windowRates of fees for re-use of public information from the Slovenian business register (Tarifa nadomestil za ponovno uporabo informacij javnega značaja Poslovnega registra Slovenije) (link to database of Slovenian legislation).

How reliable are the documents included in the register?

Third parties can cite the information and all types of document mentioned in Article 2 of Directive 2009/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on coordination of safeguards which, for the protection of the interests of members and third parties, are required by Member States of companies within the meaning of the second paragraph of Article 48 of the Treaty, with a view to making such safeguards equivalent, on the basis of the following laws.

- The Link opens in new windowCompanies Act (Zakon o gospodarskih družbah) (Uradni list RS (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia (UL RS), Nos 65/09 - official consolidated version, 33/11, 91/11, 32/12, 57/12, 44/13 - Const. Court dec. and 82/13; hereinafter: ZGD-1), which is the systemic act regulating the basic rules on the legal status of corporations for the establishment and operation of companies, sole traders, related persons, economic interest groupings and subsidiaries of foreign companies, and any changes to their legal status.

-The Link opens in new windowCourt Register Act (Zakon o sodnem registru) (UL RS, Nos 54/07 - official consolidated version, 65/08, 49/09 and 82/13 - ZGD-1H, hereinafter: ZSReg), which regulates the court register, defines the information entered in the court register, the rules of procedure by which a competent court decides on entries in the court register, and the rules on how AJPES administers the court register. This law also regulates procedures that form part of the Vse na enem mestu (One-Stop Shop) system.

- The Link opens in new windowSlovenian Business Register Act (Zakon o Poslovnem registru Slovenije) (UL RS, Nos 49/06 and 33/07 - ZSReg-B, hereinafter: ZPRS-1), which regulates the keeping and maintenance of the Slovenian Business Register (PRS), defines business register entries, how they are identified and the mandatory use of that ID, the content of the business register and the acquisition of information to keep the register, and defines the procedure for making entries in the business register, the information added or defined by the register's administrator on making an entry, the use of business-register data and the storage of documentation.

Is access to the Slovenian Business Register free of charge?

Yes, access is free of charge. However, users must log in to the portal in order to access it.

Related links

Link opens in new windowposlovni register (Slovenian), Link opens in new windowbusiness register (English)

Last update: 23/03/2018

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.
Jau ir pieejami tulkojumi šādās valodās.

Business registers in Member States - Slovakia

This section provides an overview of the Slovak commercial register.

What information does the commercial register hold?

The Link opens in new windowObchodný register (commercial register) is a public list containing statutory data concerning entrepreneurs, companies and other legal entities, where this is laid down by separate legislation.

The list is administered by the Link opens in new windowMinistry of Justice of the Slovak Republic.

The commercial register is kept by the registrové súdy (registry courts) (district court at the seat of the Regional Court).

Is access to the business register free of charge?

Access to and extracts from the commercial register are subject to payment of a fee.

How to search the commercial register

The Slovak Link opens in new windowobchodný register can be searched by:

The search is also available in English.

To what extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

Act No 513/1991, the Commercial Code, lays down where it is possible to rely on data entered and, where appropriate, on the content of documents deposited in the commercial register.

The data entered in the commercial register are effective vis-à-vis third parties from the date of their publication. The content of documents deposited in the commercial register is effective vis-à-vis third parties from the date of notification of the deposit in the Commercial Journal.
From that point, third parties may rely on the data or the content of the documents. This does not apply if the registered company can show that they had earlier knowledge thereof.

If a third person can show that it could not have had knowledge of the data or of the content of the documents, the registered company may demand the data and the content of the documents within 15 days of the date of publication of the data, and in the case of documents, of the date of notification of deposit of the document.

After this period, the registered data and the content of the documents deposited can thus be demanded vis-à-vis every person.
In the event of a discrepancy between the registered and published data or the content of the documents deposited and published, the registered company may only demand the published version vis-à-vis third parties. However, it may demand them if it is shown that a third party had knowledge of the content of the registered data or the content of the document deposited.

History of the Slovak commercial register

The register provides information filed from 1 January 2001.

The commercial register was established in 1992 following the adoption of Act No 513/1991, the Commercial Code, and replaced the previous company register.

The Commercial Code (Sections 27-34) amended the scope of the commercial register up until 2004.

From 1 February 2004, new legal requirements were introduced for the commercial register and entered into force (amendment of Act No 530/2003 on the commercial register and Act No 530/2003 as amended [sic]).

The only section of the Commercial Code still valid governs the legal description of the person registered, the effectiveness of the data recorded and its publication. Sections 28 to 34 have been repealed.

The amendment of Act No 530/2003 introduced electronic publication of the register. The updated documents are kept in paper and electronic format.

Related links

Link opens in new windowObchodný register

Link opens in new windowObchodný register SR

Last update: 18/03/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Lūdzu, ņemiet vērā, ka šai lapai nesen tika atjaunināta oriģinālvalodas somu versija. Mūsu tulkotāji pašlaik gatavo versiju valodā, kuru esat izvēlējies.

Business registers in Member States - Finland

This section provides you with an overview of Finland’s business register.

What does the Finnish trade register offer?

The National Board of Patents and Registration (NBPR) owns and maintains Link opens in new windowthe Finnish Trade Register.

Finland's trade register is a public register that contains information on traders (businesses). As a rule, all businesses have to be entered in the register. Businesses also have to notify any changes to their register details. Most businesses must also submit their annual accounts to the register. Each year the following are registered:

  • About 30 000 new businesses
  • About 80 000 changes to registered company details
  • About 200 000 annual accounts

The trade register shares a joint notification procedure and data service with the Tax Administration. BIS (Business Information Service) is a free data service jointly maintained by the NBPR and the Tax Administration. It contains contact and identification information on businesses, for example:

  • Company name of a business, its auxiliary company name and their translations
  • Business ID and company form domicile
  • Address and other contact information
  • Principal line of business
  • The registers of the Tax Administration and NBPR in which the business has been entered
  • Information on termination, interruption of trade, bankruptcy, liquidation or reorganisation proceedings.

In addition to the free-of-charge information service, BIS Search, it is possible to order selected details against payment from the Business Information System (BIS), which is also jointly maintained by the Tax Administration and the National Board of Patents and Registration.

This allows clients to search for companies on the BIS: for example, in groups by region, line of business (the company's main line of business according to Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification), company form, register (the registers of the Tax Administration, the Trade Register and the Register of Foundations) or by registration date (to select new companies).

The European Business Register (EBR) provides ready access to reliable information on companies all over Europe. EBR is a joint information service provided by the trade registers of 15 European countries. The information service offers official and reliable information directly from the national trade register of each participating country.

The EBR service is easy to use as the user can choose the language of display (Finnish, Swedish or English), and the registered information for each country is presented in the same, easily comprehensible way.

Is access to the Finnish trade register free of charge?

Yes, part of the register is accessible free of charge.

How to search Finland's trade register

The details of traders are entered in the trade register based on notifications and communications received by the trade registration authority. The register contains information submitted both by the traders themselves and by courts of law and other authorities.

Under Section 21a of the Trade Register Act, the National Board of Patents and Registration (NBPR) can update its records and, by using the Finnish Population Information System, check personal details that clients have provided in notifications and their enclosures.

According to Section 21 of the Business Prohibition Act, the Legal Register Centre in Finland provides the trade register with details of business prohibitions in force and when they begin and end. These details are then updated in the trade register system.

The contents of the trade register are determined by Finnish law. Finnish legislation governing the trade register, company types and business activities in general define what details are entered for different company types. (See, for example Trade Register Act, Limited Liability Companies Act and Partnerships Act).

Normally, at least the following information is registered for each company type:

  • Company name
  • Municipality from which the company is managed (domicile)
  • Line of business (field of activity)
  • Who represent(s) the company
  • Company address.

When an entry is made in the trade register, it is simultaneously published through the electronic Information service. The Electronic Information Service on Published Entries is a public and free-of-charge service that contains, besides the published entries, the basic details of a business. With the help of the service you can check whether a business has, for example, submitted its new board of directors for registration, or find out what new businesses have been registered in a certain period of time.

Using this service, you can search for information on any company by using its business ID. The ID can be checked in the Business Information System if necessary. A specific date or time interval can also be used as a search term. Alternatively, you can narrow down the search by type of registration, or by municipality or province. The search result contains the basic details of a company, the company name, business ID and domicile. The published registration contains, for example, the type of registration and the headings of register entries.

Other details are also entered in the register, depending on company type. The register extracts of businesses of the same type may look totally different from one another. Some limited companies, for instance, take advantage of the possibilities offered by the Companies Act; they decide to issue option rights and other special rights or to merge, and then report these details for entry in the register. Other companies, on the other hand, choose to report only such details as must be submitted for entry in the register. In addition, law amendments are reflected in the register extracts. Register entries of, for example, limited companies can be very different, depending on whether the detail to be registered refers to a decision made under the new Limited Liability Companies Act that entered in force on 1st September 2006, or to a decision under an earlier Act.

How reliable are the documents contained in the register?

The Trade Register Act (Act 1979/129 of 2 February 1979) lays down provisions concerning the data to be recorded in the register and its publication. The Act entitles everyone to access data, extracts and certificates from the trade register. A third party acting in good faith can rely on the reliability of information recorded in the register.

Under Section 1a of the Act, all data recorded in the register are public and everyone is entitled to access data, extracts and certificates entered in the trade register. Data may also be disclosed in electronic form. The only exceptions are the personal ID numbers of natural persons and the home addresses of natural persons living abroad; these are not public. Data on the identifying final numbers of the personal number and the home address of natural persons living abroad are only disclosed if disclosure meets the requirements concerning authority procedures set out in Section 16(3) of the Act on the Openness of Government Activities. Otherwise, the country of residence will be disclosed instead of the home address.

Section 26 of the Trade Register Act provides that a third party acting in good faith can rely on the data entered and published in the register. Data are published electronically directly after entry in the register. Publications can be obtained free of charge from the Trade Register information service.

History of the Finnish business register

Information has been maintained on the register since 1860.

Links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register, Link opens in new windowNational Board of Patents and Registration of Finland

Last update: 30/06/2019

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - Sweden

This section provides you with an overview of Sweden's business register.

What does the Swedish business register offer?

The Swedish Companies Registration Office keeps several registers which provide information on businesses (i.e. registered companies). Access to the information in these registers is available via an Link opens in new windowinternet search engine or by contacting Link opens in new windowthe Swedish Companies Registration Office.

These registers are collectively referred to below as the Swedish business register.

The Swedish business register provides information on, for example:

  • company names and addresses
  • registration number
  • company officers (including members of the board)
  • annual accounts
  • articles of association
  • registration certificates
  • bankruptcy.

The register is owned and managed by the Link opens in new windowSwedish Companies Registration Office.

Is access to the Swedish business register free of charge?

Information in the Swedish business register can be accessed free of charge by contacting the Swedish Companies Registration Office by phone. Requests for a written extract from the register are usually subject to a charge.

The internet search engine provides free access to information about a company name, registration number and status. The following additional services are available only to registered and paying users:

  • company officers (including members of the board)
  • annual accounts
  • articles of association
  • registration certificates
  • more detailed information about bankruptcy and liquidation.

How reliable are the documents in the register?

Information about Swedish limited companies is disclosed in accordance with Article 2 of Directive 2009/101/EC.

Newly registered Swedish limited companies, and any changes to them, are registered with the Swedish Companies Registration Office.

Article 2 of Directive 2009/101/EC requires Member States to ensure that companies disclose certain documents and particulars. Article 3a(2) also requires Member States to provide this information for publication on the European e-Justice portal.

In Sweden's case the registered information is published in the Swedish Official Gazette (Post- och Inrikes Tidningar).

Further information about Swedish companies can be found on the Swedish Companies Registration Office's website Link opens in new windowhttp://www.bolagsverket.se/en.

The Swedish Official Gazette can be consulted via the Swedish Companies Registration Office's website Link opens in new windowhttp://www.bolagsverket.se/en.

How to search the Swedish business register

Anyone can obtain information from the register by contacting the Swedish Companies Registration Office by post, e-mail or phone.

Searches can be carried out using the search engine by entering a company name and a registration number. The information listed below is available only to registered and paying users:

  • company officers (including members of the board)
  • annual accounts
  • articles of association
  • registration certificates
  • more detailed information about bankruptcy and liquidation.

History of the Swedish business register

Information has been stored in the register since 1897. Depending on the type of data, the information has been computerised since 1982. Since 2002 all incoming information for the register has been converted into digital format.

Useful links

Link opens in new windowEuropean Business Register (EBR)

Last update: 03/11/2016

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Business registers in Member States - United Kingdom

This section provides you with an overview of the business register of the United Kingdom:

Who keeps the business register in the United Kingdom?

Companies House is the Link opens in new windowbusiness register for the UK including England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

What information does Companies House hold?

The register provides information filed by companies, limited liability partnerships, limited partnerships, overseas companies, EEIGs (European Economic interest groupings), cross-border mergers and SEs (Societas Europaea, European Company). You can search for more information on filing requirements at Link opens in new windowCompanies House. The register does not hold information on sole traders, general partnerships and business names.

Is access to the business register free of charge?

Yes, access to the register is free of charge, as is the retrieval of basic company information.

How to search the business register in the United Kingdom

Company information on the UK business register can be searched at Link opens in new windowCompanies House, using the ‘WebCHeck’ service.

To which extent can the documents in the register be relied upon?

The registrar of companies

This section describes the position in respect of company information because it represents the majority of the material on the register.

The main legislation governing the operation of the UK register is the Companies Act 2006. Under that Act, information is delivered, for registration, to the registrar of companies (“the Registrar”) by a company, or agents acting on its behalf. Once delivered, the form of the information is checked to ensure it is complete. The Registrar accepts this information in good faith. No validation or verification is made of the accuracy of the information. If acceptable, the information is registered so that a record is maintained and made available for public inspection. Searchers of the register may rely on it, except for a limited class of information, but only to the extent that the information delivered to the Registrar is accurate.

A limited class of information on the register has legal consequences as a result of its registration. This information can be relied upon by searchers as it appears on the register. This class includes,

  • incorporation of a company (section 16 Companies Act 2006)
  • registered office address and its change under section 87
  • company name and its changes under section 81
  • re-registration of a company to alter its status e.g. from a private company to a public company etc. (sections 96, 101,104, 107 and 111)
  • reduction of the capital of a company (sections 651 and 665)

Criminal sanctions can be enforced for serious inaccuracies in the information delivered to the Registrar. Section 1112 Companies Act 2006 makes it a criminal offence to knowingly or recklessly deliver false, misleading or deceptive information to the Registrar.

A company cannot rely against a third party on specific events having taken place unless it has been officially notified, or it can be shown that the third party knew of the event (section 1079 Companies Act 2006).

The specific events are as follows:

  • amendment to the company’s articles
  • change among the company’s directors
  • change in the company’s registered office
  • making of a winding up order in respect of the company
  • appointment of a liquidator in a voluntary winding up of the company

Related Links

Link opens in new windowCompanies House

Last update: 24/07/2017

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